…”free and fair elections”A professor from the US War College in Washington – which advises the US administration on global strategy — visited Guyana late last month. He opined, “In the context of Guyana’s current constitutional crisis, Washington has both an important role to play and a complex set of strategic imperatives to consider in doing so.” Your Eyewitness was pleased that he wasn’t coy but “told it like it is” in true “realist” style.The gentleman noted that in the interviews he had with Guyanese leaders (the owner of Oases qualifies?) they all stressed the actions of the US back in the 1960s, but advised that the US had now moved on from the imperatives of the Cold War and was today more concerned with corruption in those running the Government – now and in the future. Stability is needed in light of Exxon pushing us into the ranks of the world’s top 20 oil producers.In terms of the politics evolving after the NCM, the analyst opined that “recent APNU-AFC attempts to avoid or postpone an early election do not, for me at least, seem to pass the common-sense test. The challenge for the U.S. is not to allow its good relationship with the Granger government to lead it into condoning behaviours that could undermine the credibility of advocacy of healthy democracy elsewhere.” He had to be referring to the US strong advocacy for the return of democracy via “free and fair elections” in next door Venezuela and in the hemisphere.Against that background, we must view the newly accredited US Ambassador, Sara-Ann Lynch, urging President Granger for “genuinely free and fair elections” very significant. The Ambassador is clearly in consonant with the professor’s observation that the US must be seen as not speaking “with a forked tongue” on its promulgation of democracy as a pillar of its foreign policy strategy.As your Eyewitness has pointed out in this space before, corruption of the electoral process is the threshold issue in Guyana if we’re ever to entertain hopes of controlling “corruption” writ large. After all, while the Government’s supporters will close their eyes to the patently transparent efforts of the administration to stall the elections, they know this can only be because the PNC needs to buy time to implement some scheme on rigging the elections, originally scheduled for 2020.And it’s this knowledge of the Govt corrupting the most important value of Guyanese – the power to freely select our governors – that causes Guyanese, from Minister to commoner, to excuse corruption in other sections of national life.Let’s support the US Ambassador’s call for free and fair elections, and head off corruption at the pass.Rally on March 21st!! Constitution Supremacy Day!!…sacrificeYour Eyewitness notes the irony of four Government Ministers – including VPs Greenidge and Ramjattan — commemorating the 1913 killing of 15 sugar workers and wounding of another 56 by the colonial police! Those workers were then protesting the high-handedness of the planter class, who wanted to wring blood out of stone to extract as much profits as they could, and violate the contract with the workers. But this Government has fired over 7000 sugar workers countrywide and doomed them to destitution, since no alternative employment was created.Trying to keep life and limb of their families and children, some workers went to fish on the abandoned estate of Skeldon – and were forced to pay for “the privilege”!! Your Eyewitness is willing to wager that, since the estates were closed, more than 15 have already perished through depression, suicide or malnutrition and its attendant illnesses. And this is a “Guyanese” Govt??Yet these Govt Ministers could utter platitudes of being inspired by the sacrifices of 1913!Irony is lost on these philistines.…scampishnessSo now we have the former Deputy Chief Elections Officer of GECOM – who should know about these things – vouchsafing that there’s no question the organisation was always in a position to conduct elections in 90 days!!What says Patterson now??
Dear Editor,The PPP/C continues to express its grave concerns about the unfair and unhealthy developments as it relates to the procurement process to identify the contractor for the new Demerara River crossing. We have expressed concern as it relates to the decision made and publicly announced that the extended deadline for the submission of bids for the pre-qualification of contractors had moved from a date in October to a new date in November.We continue to express our concern as it relates to this model of “Finance, Build, Operate and Maintain”, as against the “Build, Own, Operate and Transfer” (BOOT). Enough is still not known as it relates to this new model where the contractor is also expected to be the investor. Our concerns are currently heightened with our recent access to reliable information of the “backroom wheeling and dealing” that involves Ministers and senior political operatives in the APNU/AFC coalition Administration and potential investors/contractors to ensure a pre-determined outcome.These signs of unfair competition are unhealthy and very disturbing; this is the foundation of corrupt transactions. Our sources have indicated that there is sufficient traceable evidence of frequent and unhealthy engagements between Ministers and APNU/AFC political operatives and certain companies long before the closing date for submission of bids for pre-qualification. It is clear that the contract will be awarded to either a known Chinese company with a strong presence in Jamaica or a Dutch consortium that has done work in Suriname. As a result, we shall be closely monitoring the results of this process.The PPP/C urges the project management team to be steadfast in their professionalism during the evaluation process and not allow their integrity to be compromised by political decisions. The evaluators also must have the strength of character to rebuff political interference or direction.We promise to continue to fulfil our responsibilities to expose corruption in the Government sector and to protect the Guyanese people’s interest and prevent the rape of our country by such “sweetheart deals”. APNU+AFC, we will hold your feet to the fire.Sincerely yours,Bishop Juan Edghill,MP
Now they can look forward to a spicy tie with neighbours Germany in the Stade de France on June 16 with eyes on a spot in the last 16.The result dents Northern Ireland’s pre-tournament hopes of qualifying from a tough group as one of the four best third-placed teams, with a win now essential against Ukraine in Lyon the same day.Adam Nawalka’s side dominated the game but took time to break down a stubborn defence, Milik’s strike early in the second half coming after several missed chances in the first.For Michael O’Neill’s side, it was a disappointing end to their first ever European Championship match, and first major tournament appearance since the 1986 World Cup.They entered the game unbeaten in a record 12 matches, but although they held their more vaunted opponents scoreless until half-time, they ultimately paid for an over-defensive approach in the impressive Stadium Nice.From the off Poland dominated possession but struggled to penetrate close to goal against a back-four stoutly marshalled by West Brom’s Jonny Evans.With Bayern Munich star Robert Lewandowski bottled up by a dogged Northern Ireland defence and Milik misfiring on several occasions, it was a frustrating opening period for Poland.Top scorers in qualifying for Euro 2016, they managed just two shots on target in the first period.McAuley (left) is felled by Bayern Munich and Poland striker Robert Lewandowski as the pair challenge for an aerial ball in the first half-PHOTO/DAILYMAILThe first was on the half-hour when a left-footed drive by Milik from outside the box was easily parried by Michael McGovern.Milik should also have scored after a cut-back by Piszczek put him in space 10 yards out but he sliced high and wide.Then as a scrappy half drew to a close, Poland almost broke the deadlock when a left-foot snapshot by the lively Bartosz Kapustka from the edge of the area was superbly tipped over by McGovern.Northern Ireland, whose striker Kyle Lafferty was their only player in the opposing half for much of the game, soon paid for their defensive approach.Six minutes into the second period Milik made no mistake when firing through the legs of Craig Cathcart after Jakub Blaszczykowski found him unmarked on the edge of the area.Blaszczykowski had his own chance to add to Poland’s tally on 68 minutes but steered wide after Milik had stroked a ball behind the Northern Ireland defence.Krzysztof Maczynski, substitute Kamil Grosicki, Milik again, and Grzegorz Krychowiak all had chances to put Poland 2-0 up in the last 15 minutes but all narrowly missed.Northern Ireland rarely looked like scoring although a speculative off-target scissor kick from Lafferty gave their raucous fans some hope, while captain Steven Davis almost got on the end of a through ball late on.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Arkadiusz Milik (left) celebrates with Poland team-mate Artur Jedrzejczyk after scoring the first goal of Group C against Northern Ireland-PHOTO/DAILYMAILNICE, France, June 12- Ajax striker Arkadiusz Milik broke Northern Ireland hearts on Sunday after rifling home the only goal in their Euro 2016 Group C opener in Nice.Poland had never won a game before at the European Championship, with three draws and three losses over two appearances in 2008 and 2012 –- the latter a tournament that they co-hosted with Ukraine.
1 Tottenham fans So it’s Tottenham v Arsenal in the Capital One Cup third round.And there were a lot of Spurs tweets celebrating the fact, with some looking forward to the fourth round already.The draw means there will be at least three north London derbies this season, two of them now being hosted at White Hart Lane, with the last fixture seeing Harry Kane score twice to seal a 2-1 win.Here, talkSPORT looks at a selection of tweets from the Tottenham faithful.
If you struggle to see while driving at night, then watch out this Friday, the longest night of the year in the Northern Hemisphere. Winter Solstice officially arrives at 10:08 p.m. on Friday, bringing 14 hours and seven minutes of darkness between sunset at 4:48 p.m. and sunrise at 6:55 a.m. on Saturday. The good news is the long night should not be too troubling on the eyes. In fact, experts say many drivers will not even notice. “There’s no reason to (worry about) five to 10 minutes of extra darkness,” said Ed Krupp, director of the Griffith Observatory. In fact, 70 percent of women say they sometimes have trouble seeing in the dark compared with 49 percent of men, according to a recent survey from Acuvue. People report troubles judging distances while passing cars and changing lanes. Some say that constantly changing focus from the dashboard to the street leaves them dizzy. Others have problems with their field of vision, which can result in a failure to react when hazards are coming from the right or left, Brisco said. Acuvue recommends the following tips for driving at night: Avoid highway hypnosis: Keep your eyes moving from side to side, rather than focusing solely on the center line of the road. Use the night setting on the rearview mirror. By flipping the lever at the mirror’s bottom, headlights appear dim in the reflection and bring less glare to your eyes. Keep your car in good condition. Clean the headlights, signal lights and windows at least once a week. Get your vision checked regularly. People under 40 should have eye exams every three years. Those between 41 and 60 need the tests every two years. Motorists 61 and older should do annual eye tests, according to the American Optometric Association.160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREWhicker: Clemson demonstrates that it’s tough to knock out the champBut Winter Solstice serves as a good reminder that night driving in general is a risky pursuit. One in three drivers already report difficulties of driving at night – and the accident statistics verify it. “Drivers don’t realize that driving at night is one of the greatest hazards they face, but everybody does it,” said Elise Brisco, a Los Angeles-based optometrist. “It’s a necessity.” Nearly 50 percent of fatal crashes happen at night despite fewer cars on the road, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. After the Winter Solstice, daylight gradually grows longer each day until June 20, when the Summer Solstice begins and with it comes the longest day. Brisco says the time of year is also a good reminder to get eyes tested, because even those with 20/20 vision during the day have a reduction in visibility at night because pupils dilate in low light. Drivers’ vision can drop to 20/60 or worse.
Left back: Patrice Evra v Luke Shaw – An easy win for Evra this round. The Frenchman was excellent in the title winning season, playing 34 games and chipping in with four goals and five assists. That is far better than Shaw, who, despite being Uniteds best left-back, played just nine games in 2016/17. Daley Blind, Matteo Darmian and Marcos Rojo all filled in at left-back, and there are no guarantees Shaw will start 2017/18 as first-choice in the position. United must long for a player of Evras quality right now. 11 11 Centre midfield: Michael Carrick v Paul Pogba – Carrick was heralded as one of Uniteds most important players as they eased to the Premier League title, with his composed style of play making the entire team tick. He played 36 of 38 games, ending the season with four assists and an impressive pass completion rate of 88 per cent. Pogba started the 2016/17 campaign in poor form, but grew in stature as the months wore on. He is expected to reach new heights next year, and finally establish himself as a world class midfielder. The France star just loses out on this comparison to Carrick, simply due to how important he was to winning the league. He even earned a place in the PFA Team of the Year. Right back: Rafael v Antonio Valencia – Both Rafael in 2012/13 and Valencia right now are consistent defenders who do the simple things well but are hardly going to wow the crowds. Valencia especially is one of the most consistent players in the Premier League at this moment in time, and he narrowly claims this round. However, Rafael did enjoy a fantastic campaign in 2012/13, scoring three goals and creating three more in 28 appearances. Centre midfield: Tom Cleverley v Ander Herrera – A few years before the title-winning season, Cleverley was an exciting attacking midfielder with an eye for goal and a real creative spark. However, he was played in holding midfield by Ferguson and became one of the dullest players in the Premier League. His season was average at best, and it is no surprise he has since left Old Trafford to play for Aston Villa, Everton and, currently, Watford. Herrera has grown into one of the leagues best midfield players since his arrival in Manchester, and he enjoyed a superb individual season in 2016/17. Few players have the same skillset as the Spaniard, and he is a much, much better player than Cleverley was five years ago. Centre back: Jonny Evans v Eric Bailly – Enjoying arguably his best season in a United shirt, Evans was consistently excellent in his 24 league appearances in 2012/13. His form disappeared after Fergusons exit and he had to move to West Brom to revive his career, but he was superb in helping the Red Devils win the title. However, Bailly was similarly superb in his first season in England, and he just edges out Evans for establishing himself as one of the best defenders in the league after such a short length of time. Right attacking midfield: Antonio Valencia v Henrikh Mkhitaryan – Valencia was United Player of the Year in 2011/12. In 2012/13 his form fell off a cliff and the Ecuadorian winger was shockingly poor. He forgot how to beat a man and how to cross a ball, and was eventually dropped from the first-team for important games. Mkhitaryan started his career slowly at Old Trafford, but grew into a vital player throughout 2016/17. He will start the new campaign a guaranteed starter, and far exceeds the level Valencia was playing at in 2012/13. 11 11 11 11 Manchester United are going all out to win the Premier League title this coming season.Having not managed to claim English football’s biggest trophy since Sir Alex Ferguson’s last year at Old Trafford, Jose Mourinho is trying to build a squad capable of challeging for the title.The 2017/18 campaign will be the fifth season since Ferguson’s final triumph in 2012/13, but how do the Red Devils compare between that year and right now.talkSPORT take a player-by-player look at both Man United teams to see if Mourinho’s current line up is better than Ferguson’s final one.You can see the comparison by clicking the right arrow, above… 11 Left attacking midfield: Ashley Young v Anthony Martial – Similar to Valencia, Young struggled in the 2012/13 campaign after a strong season the year before. He failed to score a single goal and only provided three assists, and ended up losing his role as a guaranteed starter. Martial is facing a similar situation right now. He has struggled to recapture the form of his debut season, and has been dropped by Jose Mourinho more often than not. However, the Frenchman beats out Young, as even when not playing well he delivers a goal threat. In fact, in 2016/17, Martial scored four goals and registered six assists despite his poor form. Centre attacking midfield: Wayne Rooney v Juan Mata – It was a poor season for Rooney in 2012/13, as he started the season out the team through injury, and ended it out the team due to a severe lack of form. He handed in a second transfer request that summer, and only stayed at United following David Moyes arrival by signing a huge new contract. Mata, on the other hand, remains one of the best playmakers in the Premier League. He scored six goals and created three more last term, and will likely start the 2017/18 campaign as a key creative player for Jose Mourinho. This one is an easy win for Mata. 11 Goalkeeper: David de Gea (age 21-22) v David de Gea (age 27) – click the right arrow to see the player-by-player comparison of the two Man United squads – De Gea was starting to establish himself as one of the best goalkeepers in the Premier League in 2012/13, growing from his questionable debut season to put in a series of impressive performances. At the end of the campaign, he was voted into the PFA Team of the Year, and kept 11 clean sheets in 28 appearances. However, he has continued to develop and is now a world class goalkeeper, far beyond the level he was five years ago. 11 11 11 Centre back: Rio Ferdinand v Victor Lindelof – Ferdinand was coming to the end of his career in 2012/13, but still put in a series of impressive performances at the heart of the United defence earning a place in the PFA Team of the Year. He failed to emulate the heights of his earlier career, but is ranked greater than new Red Devils signing Lindelof due to the Swedes lack of experience in England. The 23-year-old is sure to grow into a world class defender, and has shown his ability in domestic Portuguese football and European competition. United fans are hoping he can follow in the footsteps of Ferdinand at Old Trafford. Centre forward: Robin van Persie v Romelu Lukaku – On the back of scoring 30 goals for Arsenal the previous season, United bought Van Persie for the 2012/13 campaign – and he did not disappoint. The Dutchman scored 26 goals, winning the Golden Boot, and playing a key role in the Red Devils title success. Lukaku has been brought to Old Trafford to have a similar sort of impact, though he is a level below Van Persie was at the time of his transfer. He has never reached the 30-goal mark in his career, and has not played for a club at the highest level.
Tags:#Apache Spark#developers#Docker#Internet of Things#Java#Java 8#Jonas Bonér#lambda expression#programming#programming languages Matt Asay 7 Types of Video that will Make a Massive Impac… Related Posts How to Write a Welcome Email to New Employees? Why You Love Online Quizzes Warning: serious programming geekery ahead.With the release of Java 8 back in March 2014, the developer community was primarily excited about two things. One was support for lambda expressions, also known as anonymous functions, which (in Cay Horstmann’s admirably simple definition) are blocks of code you can pass around in a program for later execution—or, if you prefer more formal terms, “a way to represent one method interface using an expression.” Second was Java 8’s embrace of the multicore world. See also: Java And Scala: Former Competitors May Be BFFs Before LongFunctional programmers viewed the new directions that Oracle was steering Java 8 as a strong validation of core principles in languages like Scala, Erlang and Haskell. Detractors suggested the new directions of Java 8 were potentially a threat to supplant those languages. (I covered the implications of Java 8 for other languages back in February).Jonas BonérSix months after the release of Java 8, San Francisco-based Typesafe—the commercial backers of Scala, Play Framework, and Akka—has released a follow-up survey of Java developers. A hefty sample size of 3,000 Java developers not only updates our data on Java 8 adoption, it highlights other trends driving enterprise application development today.For some context on the survey findings (you can download the full findings here), I spoke with Typesafe CTO and Akka creator Jonas Bonér.ReadWrite: So tell us where Java developers are with Java 8 and what the survey data suggests.Jonas Bonér: In our original Java 8 adoption survey six months ago, we found that two thirds of Java developers planned to upgrade within two years, which is really aggressive. So we were surprised to learn with this new survey that two-thirds now have actually already upgraded or plan to upgrade within a year—the adopters are six months ahead of what was already a fast pace. When you think about how much Java is running in production, you just don’t expect to see this much of the market move that quickly.Of the excitement around Java 8 for those who have adopted it already, lambdas continue to be at the top of their list of things they’re enjoying. Eighty percent called “lambdas with expressions and virtual extension models” the feature they cared about the most. With Java 8’s support of lambda expressions, type inference, syntactic sugar for static methods, and new APIs like Stream and CompletableFuture, Oracle has basically taken 9 million Java developers back to the future with a renaissance around functional programming.The Lambda Lies Down On BroadwayRW: Why the major interest in lambdas?JB: Well, first it simplifies traditional callback-driven programming by adding syntactic sugar on top of anonymous classes. Lots of Java APIs are making use of this callback style and all of these libraries will be able to make direct use of lambdas, enabling its users to write more fluent and less verbose code. This is great, but the biggest benefit in my opinion is that it enables a functional style of programming, which has a lot of advantages, but primarily delivers more succinct and expressive code that is easier to compose and reuse. But perhaps most importantly, code that allows you to work with state, safely, in a concurrent environment.In the single-threaded world of the 80s and 90s, dealing with state in applications was a lot easier. But, as we all know, the multicore world of distributed computing today has opened up a Pandora’s box and made it much harder for Java developers to shoehorn all of this state into a perceived reality of running in a single core. Technically it is possible, through mutexes and other blocking primitives, but it just doesn’t scale. In Java the default is mutable state, but a functional approach to programming—which can be simplified as composition of functions operating on immutable state—can make the design of concurrent and asynchronous (event-driven) applications so much easier, allowing us to take full advantage of all the exciting new multicore hardware on the market. Examples of this include the JDK itself with its Stream and CompletableFuture libraries. Event-driven programming also opens up for a more loosely coupled architecture, with isolated components communicating in a non-blocking fashion, and forms the basis for the principles defined in the Reactive Manifesto.RW: What about those that do not have plans to upgrade, what’s the holdup?JB: Of Java 8 holdouts, 69% are running Java 7, and 26% are running Java 6. For the majority of the Java 8 holdouts, their decision has nothing to do with Java 8 and more to do with how their businesses operate. Among those shying away from Java 8, 37% said their non-adoption was related to “hurdles with legacy infrastructure” and 19% said “organizational obstacles/red tape.”However, it would be a mistake to call organizations that don’t upgrade to the latest versions of software “laggards.” Sometimes I think that analysis of market adoption of new versions overlooks the legacy infrastructure and existing libraries that organizations have to upgrade—where the cost of upgrading may not make financial sense, and it has nothing to do with the merits of the new version itself. Java’s footprint in production is so massive, there are just a lot of moving parts at most enterprises when thinking about upgrading a language that touches so much of its infrastructure.Apache Spark Is On The Move; Docker, Not So MuchRW: You polled those 3,000 Java developers on their use of other technologies. Given the large sample size, I’d be interested to hear about other surprise findings that came up.JB: Amazon EC2 is used by more than half of respondents (57%), making it the most common cloud technology used by Java developers. Apache Hadoop ranked second in popularity at 30% and Big Data newcomer Apache Spark is being used in production by 17% of respondents. Given that Spark was only introduced to the market in June of 2013, we think that’s really an incredible production usage statistic, and a sign of just how much mindshare Spark is capturing in the Big Data world.One of the head scratchers was around Linux containers, where the data didn’t really line up. While 60% of respondents claimed to be investigating Linux containers, and 23% said they use Docker, only 13% said they are actually using Linux containers in production.There were really no surprises where application server adoption was concerned. The latest findings confirm that adoption of lightweight, open source Java Web servers like Tomcat and Jetty are far and away more popular than traditional heavyweight JEE application servers like WebLogic or WebSphere, which are nearly tied in popularity.I was also surprised about the Internet of Things adoption: 21% claimed to be running networked devices/M2M/IoT in production, with 22% “planning for future deployments.” That’s way out ahead of the IoT adoption curve for the rest of the industry.Lead photo courtesy of Shutterstock Growing Phone Scams: 5 Tips To Avoid
The disease will continue to spread in regions where its mosquito vector lives, David Heymann, chair of the Zika Emergency Committee, told the press conference. The outstanding questions require long-term, coordinated research, which WHO and its partners can do better by forming a technical advisory group to coordinate the international response, Heymann said. Zika “must now be managed within WHO as are other infectious diseases.” Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*) Zika virus and its complications—including birth defects and temporary paralysis—are not going away any time soon, the World Health Organization (WHO) in Geneva, Switzerland, said today. Because the disease requires a long-term approach, it has decided to end its declaration of a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). The move is not a demotion of the disease, Pete Salama, executive director of WHO’s health emergencies program, told a press conference. “We are not downgrading the importance of Zika. By placing it as a longer-term program of work, we are saying Zika is here to stay and WHO’s response is here to stay.”WHO Director-General Margaret Chan declared in February that the cluster of babies born with unusually small heads, a condition called microcephaly, associated with an outbreak of Zika virus in Brazil should be declared a public health emergency. That PHEIC declaration allowed WHO and its partners to take quick action to better understand the connection between the virus and the observed increase in severe birth defects. Since then, researchers have concluded that the virus can indeed trigger a range of birth defects as well as neurological complications in adult patients. But a long list of questions remain unanswered: Scientists don’t know how often the disease causes severe complications, nor do they know whether certain cofactors, such as other viruses, genetic factors, or environmental factors might be playing a role. Other questions remain about how the disease spreads, both via mosquitoes and directly from one person to another.
By Giorgia GuglielmiAug. 7, 2017 , 3:00 PM Coddled puppies make poor guide dogs, as this adorable video shows If a smooth sea never made a skillful sailor, so an overprotective mother doesn’t make a successful guide dog. That’s the conclusion of the first study to analyze how mother-puppy interaction influences guide dog training program success. Researchers followed from birth to adulthood 98 puppies enrolled in a New Jersey breeding and training program for guide dogs for the blind, where only about 70% of the dogs graduate as guides. Dogs whose mothers spent the most time licking and grooming them as puppies were almost three times less likely to succeed in the training program, the scientists report today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. When the researchers measured the dogs’ ability to stay focused and follow commands or solve complex problems such as retrieving hidden food and navigating a maze, dogs that had been highly cared for as puppies were more anxious. What’s more, puppies raised by mothers that spent more time nursing while lying on their belly were four times less likely to succeed in the program, whereas those raised by mothers that mostly nursed while sitting were four times more likely to succeed. This is because nursing while sitting requires more effort for puppies to reach and stay attached to the nipples, and dogs that didn’t have to overcome such small challenges as puppies might be easily flummoxed by obstacles as adults, the scientists say. Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)