New study finds evidence that political ambition can be genetically inherited from one’s parent

first_imgShare Share on Facebook LinkedIn “A second reason why it is important to be better able to explain political behavior is of a more normative nature. It is often asserted that the essence of politics is power and power relationships. From this point of view, it is important to understand what explains why some citizens are more politically active than others. Put differently, a better understanding of the reasons for political participation is a precondition for creating a more equal society,” Oskarsson said.Statistics Sweden, a government agency, maintains a database called the Multi-Generation Register that contains information on the biological parents of individuals. The database includes 10,717,814 non-adopted individuals and 155,865 adopted individuals.The researchers analyzed this data, along with additional information regarding educational attainment, income, occupational status and political candidacy, to examine the intergenerational transmission of political behavior. Overall, the probability of being a political candidate was about 2.3%. But among adopted individuals whose biological parents were candidates, the probability of being a political candidate jumped up to about 5%.“A first take-home point is that there is a strong parent–child transmission in the tendency to run for office. If you have a parent that ran for office, there is a much higher likelihood that you will also stand as a political candidate as an adult,” Oskarsson told PsyPost.“Second, and more importantly, this intergenerational transmission in political candidacy status reflects both social and genetic factors. We used a sample of adopted children and their biological and adoptive parents to investigate this.”“The results clearly suggest that having a biological parent who ran for office is a good predictor of the adoptee’s probability of running for office as adults, despite the fact that these children were adopted away early in life and have had no contact with their birth parents ever since. However, the results also indicate that adoptive parents’ political activity is a major source of intergenerational resemblance,” Oskarsson said.All scientific research includes some limitations — and this study is no exception.“Like other recent studies on the heritability of complex human behaviors this study takes a first important step by showing that political candidacy is caused by both social and genetic factors. However, it is even more important to take further steps and investigate how social and political traits are shaped by the interplay between genes and environment,” Oskarsson explained.“They arise when the type or magnitude of the effect of a genetic factor depends on the environmental conditions in which it is expressed. In our case we can suspect, for example, that a predisposition toward political engagement may only matter under the right environmental circumstances. However, the knowledge of how these so called gene-by-environment interactions actually work is currently limited: what genetic factors interact with what social, economic and political factors, and how?”The findings indicate that political candidacy may be a genetically influenced trait. However, any genetic influence is just one factor among many that contribute to an individual’s decision to run for public office.“It is important to note that our results do not signal genetic determinism. Our finding that biological parents’ behavior is a strong predictor of political candidacy among adoptees does not mean that there is direct causal link between a set of genetic factors and an individual’s propensity to run for office. Any genetic effect on a complex behavior such as running for office will undoubtedly be mediated by a large set of factors, some of which are malleable,” Oskarsson added.“It is also important to stress that omitting the genetic part of intergenerational transmission – that is, failing to take into account that we are not only raised by our parents, but we also inherit a combination of their DNA – neglects an integral part of the explanation of social and political traits because genetic differences between individuals not only add to social and environmental influences but also co-vary and interact with them in complex ways.”“Consequently, considering genetic influences by no means negates social influences, but rather provides an additional layer of explanation that can substantially improve our understanding of how they work. As such, it can also aid in developing more effective policies that deal with the social roots and consequences of social and political inequality,” Oskarsson said.The study, “It Runs in the Family: A Study of Political Candidacy Among Swedish Adoptees“, was authored by Sven Oskarsson, Christopher T. Dawes, and Karl-Oskar Lindgren. A new study on Swedish adoptees suggests that political candidacy is a heritable trait. The research, which appears in the journal Political Behavior, found that the likelihood of standing as a political candidate doubled if one’s parent had been a candidate.“My research interest in general concerns how human behavior, especially political behavior, is formed by the interplay between social and genetic factors,” explained study author Sven Oskarsson of Uppsala University and the Uppsala Center for Labor Studies.“A better understanding of these basic causes of differences in political behavior is fundamental for at least two reasons. The first is that politics and political activity is something that in a deeper sense is a characteristic of us as a species. Humans are, to quote Aristotle, political animals by nature. This means that a deeper understanding of how we think and act in political contexts is an important part of our understanding of ourselves.”center_img Email Pinterest Share on Twitterlast_img read more

Gazprom Export kicks off gas auction

first_imgGazprom Export informed it has begun the biddings within the auction for gas supply to Europe.The biddings are to be held through four days, from September 7th to September 10th, the company said in a statement.The bidders will be offered altogether 127 lots with the total volume of 3.24 bcm. The gas will be supplied during the Delivery Period Winter 2015/2016 to several delivery points in North-West Europe, at the choice of the potential customers.“The European gas market changes constantly and, meeting its challenges, we want to test the new form of trading the gas and see what benefits it can bring to seller and buyers,” Alexander Medvedev, Deputy Chairman of Gazprom’s Management Committee said.This new mechanism of gas sales in Europe will be additional to the system of long-term contracts that provide energy security in Europe, according to the statement. Image: Gazpromlast_img read more

Survey: What are O&G industry’s top issues?

Failure / inability to adopt technology Commercial barriers to collaboration on innovation14% Access to the right skills/talent The legislative / regulatory environment Aging assets Offshore Energy Today Staff 13% 15% 29% 29% Lloyd’s Register Energy this week, during the Offshore Europe event in Aberdeen, carried out a survey asking participants what they thought were the offshore oil and gas industry’s top issues.More specifically, the question was “Aside from costs and profitability, what do you see as the most significant constraining factor facing your sector in the next 10 to 15 years?”Aging Assets, and Access to Talent. These were jointly ranked first, with 29% of respondents identifying each as their primary concern, Lloyds Register Energy has revealed.Worth noting, the participants, 112 of them, were offered a multiple choice with set answers. (Scroll down to see the full results of the survey)Peter Richards (VP Marketing & Communications) said: “Across the world, assets are reaching maturity, access to reservoirs remains challenging and many experienced specialists are nearing retirement. On top of that, the ‘digital oil field’ brings an increased need for strong capabilities in mathematics, statistics and data alongside the traditional science and engineering skill sets. This survey reflects those industry dynamics.”The theme of this year’s Offshore Europe, “Inspiring the next generation”, also reflects this, and recognises the need to understand what the industry’s future looks like and to build a talent pipeline to support it, LR says. But in the low oil price environment, many organisations need to make difficult decisions in order to achieve cost reductions – and that may prove to be counter-productive in the longer term, LR Energy said in a statement issued Friday.Companies must keep one eye on the futureFollowing the technical session on talent development which was chaired by LR Energy during the conference, John Nicolson (HR Director) said: “Even as the energy industry braces itself, companies must keep one eye on the future – if the talent pool is diminished (in quality or quantity) the business will be less able to leverage the upturn when it arrives.”As the debate at Offshore Europe 2015 illustrates, how the industry addresses these challenges is critical in ensuring the continued long term growth of the industry. There are no easy answers, but one thing is clear from Offshore Europe 2015: the industry is aware of the challenges and is actively looking for solutions to drive long-term growth, LR Energy said.Below are the full results of the LR survey: read more

Spirit of the games

first_imgTo continue enjoying Building.co.uk, sign up for free guest accessExisting subscriber? LOGIN Subscribe now for unlimited access Stay at the forefront of thought leadership with news and analysis from award-winning journalists. Enjoy company features, CEO interviews, architectural reviews, technical project know-how and the latest innovations.Limited access to building.co.ukBreaking industry news as it happensBreaking, daily and weekly e-newsletters Subscribe to Building today and you will benefit from:Unlimited access to all stories including expert analysis and comment from industry leadersOur league tables, cost models and economics dataOur online archive of over 10,000 articlesBuilding magazine digital editionsBuilding magazine print editionsPrinted/digital supplementsSubscribe now for unlimited access.View our subscription options and join our community Get your free guest access  SIGN UP TODAYlast_img read more

Foltz down at GPA

first_imgFoltz has agreed to provide consulting services to the GPA for one year after his departure.The GPA board unanimously accepted the nominating committee’s recommendation to appoint the current chief operating officer, Griff Lynch, to succeed Foltz as executive director.Total tonnage across all of the GPA’s terminals reached a record 31.48 million tonnes in 2015 – an increase of 3.6 percent compared with the previous year.Although container tonnage accounted for most of that growth, breakbulk cargo volumes also rose by 1.7 percent to 2.79 million tonnes. www.gaports.comlast_img read more

Keysight Adds Real-Time Spectrum Analysis to its MXE EMI Receivers

first_imgKeysight Technologies has announced the availability of real-time spectrum analysis (RTSA) as an option for its standards-compliant MXE EMI receiver. Adding RTSA to an MXE enables test labs to observe and diagnose transient and wideband emissions during electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) compliance and precompliance testing.With RTSA, engineers can more easily see and understand high-speed transient signals that are difficult to capture with traditional spectrum or signal analyzers. This is especially useful in applications such as radar, automotive and wireless communications that often experience fast-moving, short-duration emissions.In RTSA mode, the MXE can provide real-time analysis bandwidth up to 85 MHz below 3.6 GHz and up to 40 MHz above 3.6 GHz, ensuring image-free, over-the-air diagnostics that enable faster, easier analysis of emissions. RTSA offers 100 percent probability of capture for signals with durations greater than 3.7 µs when viewing with an 85 MHz span.The Keysight MXE EMI receiver now offers real-time signal analysis (RTSA) for diagnostics of high-speed transient signals that are difficult to capture.Frequency mask trigger (FMT) capability is also included with RTSA, allowing users to confidently trigger on signals with durations as short as 17.4 µs. In addition, time-qualified triggering capability further enhances FMT by simplifying the task of finding pulse outliers or triggering on specific communications bursts.RTSA is an upgradeable option on new and existing MXE EMI receivers as well as UXA, PXA and MXA X-Series signal analyzers. Adding RTSA enables engineers to see, capture and understand the most elusive signals, known or unknown. For deeper analysis, engineers can combine a real-time X-Series signal analyzer with Keysight 89600 VSA software to create a solution that enables thorough characterization of today’s most complex signals.U.S. Pricing and AvailabilityThe RTSA option for MXE (N9038A-RT1) is available for order and has a list price of $22,500.last_img read more

Ceres Negros bows to Home United, ends AFC Cup journey

first_imgCeres Negros’ Manuel Herrera (right) and Home United’s Song Ui-yong contest for the loose ball during the second leg of their 2018 AFC Cup ASEAN Zonal Final match in Singapore. AFC MANILA – Ceres Negros’ journey in the 2018 AFC Cup came to an end after a 0-2 loss to Home United of Singapore in the second leg of their ASEAN Zonal Final match on Wednesday night at the Jalan Besar Stadium in Singapore.Ceres, which played without the suspended Bienvenido Marañon, will try to bounce back in the 2019 AFC Cup after qualifying again for ruling the 2018 Philippines Football League for the second straight year.The Busmen lost to an aggregate score of 1-3 after settling for a 1-1 draw with Home United during the first leg on Aug. 1 in Bacolod City.Shakir Hamzah and Song Ui-young scored a goal each in the second half for Home United, which avenged its ASEAN Zonal Finals defeat in the hands of Ceres last season. Needing an away goal to virtually tie Home United, Ceres went aggressive in the opening half with attempts from Patrick Reichelt and Manuel Herrera but these were thwarted by the defense.The Busmen suffered a huge blow near the end of first half – Reichelt went down with an injury after colliding with Home United’s goalkeeper Rudy Khairullah and was not able to return to the game.In the second half, Home United diminished Ceres’ chances of advancing to the next round as Hamzah drained a well-placed header in the 62nd minute from a corner kick.Ceres scampered to score a goal but failed to penetrate the tough defense of Home United. Ui-young sealed the win for the Singaporeans with a header in the 74th minute./PNlast_img read more

Honda DCT for superbikes hinted

first_imgTakahashi has however pointed out that Honda is working to combat these size and weight issues for use in superbikes and sports performance models. He further added that if Honda raced two bikes of identical weight against each other, with one using a traditional gearbox and the other using DCT, the DCT-equipped bike would be quicker thanks to the DCT’s benefits of seamless shifts and reduced loss of drive during shifts.Will the Honda RC213V MotoGP bike get a DCT in the future?Takahashi did not disclose exactly haw far in he and his team have progressed here with sources, but he did highlight that even if the Honda DCT is applied in the Honda RC213V MotoGP bike, it would be faster than one equipped with a regular transmission. Should Honda successfully develop its DCT for superbike, we could likely see it offered as an option in the next generation Honda CBR1000RR, which is due for replacement soon.Sources: Visordown / AutoEvolution–Ads– Honda NC700X DCT Honda DCT for superbikes reportedly under development. 2016 Honda CRF1000L Africa Twincenter_img Honda NM4 Vultus Rumour has it that a new Honda DCT (dual-clutch transmission) gearbox specificially for superbikes is currently under development. Honda DCT engineer Kosaku Takahashi was quoted by British site Visordown recently as he states that the firm is presently working on adapting its DCT technology for superbikes.Honda is the first motorcycle manufacturer to have successfully applied the DCT gearbox into its production bikes starting with the Honda VFR1200F. The DCT transmission was first offered as an option in the sport-touring model.Honda VRF1200FBesides the VFR1200F, the Honda DCT gearbox is also primed in several other models including the NM4 Vultus, the NC700X dual-sport, as well as the new and flagship CRF1000L Africa Twin adventure bike.The main challenges in priming the Honda DCT into superbikes lie in the transmission type’s heavy weight and large size resulting from the presence of two clutches. Unlike a conventional motorcycle transmission, the Honda DCT is in fact wider and heavier with current version of the transmission adding a further 10kg in the total weight of the models offering it.last_img read more

Cleveland Browns DE Desmond Bryant is team’s most underrated player per Football Outsiders

first_img Related TopicsCleveland BrownsDesmond Bryant nbodnar1 The Cleveland Browns are an organization that has athletes who can play football or somewhat struggle at football. In a recent article posted by Vincent Verhei of Football Outsiders, Browns defensive end Desmond Bryant is considered the team’s most underrated player.Verhei gave his reasoning on why Bryant is the most underrated Browns player on the roster:Bryant’s 91 percent stop rate against the run was third in the league, and he led the team with six sacks. But you’d be hard-pressed to find anyone outside northeast Ohio (and few within the Cleveland city limits) who knows who he is.When you have a player that has so much success against the run and you really never hear about him, then you know he is a very underrated player. The Browns are looking to take the AFC North by storm in 2016 and need their defense to step up in every single way.With a healthy corner in Joe Haden and a healthy defensive front with a more slim second-year player in Danny Shelton, the team is hoping head coach Hue Jackson can ignite this Browns team and provide them with some hope, passion, and motivation to win football games in 2016.last_img read more