Self-esteem influences how Facebook users react to portraying their true selves online

first_imgEmail LinkedIn People with lower self-esteem don’t feel good about presenting themselves authentically on the social networking website Facebook, according to new research published in Computers in Human Behavior.“Facebook is a rich site for research, enabling various forms of user engagement, but also considerable information exposure. Previous evidence in the social media literature indicates that Facebook is indeed a double-edged sword where engagement with the platform can positively or negatively influence users’ subjective well-being (SWB),” said Wonseok (Eric) Jang, an assistant professor at Texas Tech University and corresponding author of the study.“Studies have found that some forms of social support (e.g., the ‘Like’ button or supportive comments) from Facebook friends results in a greater degree of SWB, whereas other research has documented that when Facebook users adopt a comparative mindset, engagement with Facebook lowers SWB via feelings of envy,” Jang said. Share on Facebook Share on Twittercenter_img Pinterest Share “Due to these conflicting patterns, we were interested in examining whether the type of self-presentation strategy that users adopt on the platform influences what they get out of Facebook use, particularly if psychological rewards derived from engaging with the medium depend on one’s level of self-esteem.”The researchers examined two different ways that people can portray themselves on social networking websites: true self-presentation and strategic self-presentation. In the former, people provide an honest reflection of themselves and their life. In the latter, people selectively disclose only positive content to create a more favorable impression of themselves.In the study, 278 Facebook users were instructed to post content reflecting their true selves or strategic selves to Facebook before completing a scientific questionnaire.The researchers found that true self-presentation was associated with greater happiness after posting to Facebook only for high self-esteem users, not for low self-esteem users. Strategic self-presentation, on the other hand, made both high and low self-esteem users happy.“Our findings suggest that users with low self-esteem may use Facebook as an effective platform to enhance their sense of SWB by highlighting their most desirable characteristics,” Jang told PsyPost. “In general, low self-esteem individuals are reluctant to express their positive characteristics to others because they are not confident about their image and perceive themselves as less socially attractive than people with high self-esteem.”“In the context of Facebook, we found that people perceive the social media platform as a relatively safe environment because users can determine their friends and control what they share. The opportunities for embarrassment are thus reduced compared to in-person interactions, which are more unpredictable. Low self-esteem individuals may thus use Facebook as a platform to share aspect of themselves including their most desirable and positive characteristics to enhance their attractiveness and, in turn, heighten their SWB.”The study has some limitations.“It is not yet clear whether the gain in SWB we are seeing for low self-esteem users are enduring or disappear rapidly,” Jang explained. “Facebook users may enhance their level of SWB right after posting new messages or images but such benefits may decay over time, or even quite quickly.”“Future research should examine whether Facebook use has short- or long-term effects on users’ SWB and other positive outcomes. It would be especially interesting to examine whether such effects are determined by the type of self-presentation strategy (e.g., presenting a true self vs. presenting a strategic self) that users adopt while interacting with others.”“At this troubled time for Facebook and other social media platforms, we think investigating long-term outcomes from regular and consistent use of social media should be prioritized,” Jang added. “At present, there is still a limited understanding of whether the effects of Facebook use on user well-being are short-lived or enduring.”“Such insight could have important implications for broader public attitudes toward these growing avenues of social influence. Thus, scholars should incorporate longitudinal designs into their social media research and consider sustained influence on user psychology.”The study, “Self-esteem moderates the influence of self-presentation style on Facebook users’ sense of subjective well-being“, was authored by Wonseok (Eric) Jang, Erik Bucy, and Janice Cho.last_img read more

Back to schools

first_imgSubscribe to Building today and you will benefit from:Unlimited access to all stories including expert analysis and comment from industry leadersOur league tables, cost models and economics dataOur online archive of over 10,000 articlesBuilding magazine digital editionsBuilding magazine print editionsPrinted/digital supplementsSubscribe now for unlimited access.View our subscription options and join our community Stay at the forefront of thought leadership with news and analysis from award-winning journalists. Enjoy company features, CEO interviews, architectural reviews, technical project know-how and the latest innovations.Limited access to building.co.ukBreaking industry news as it happensBreaking, daily and weekly e-newsletters Subscribe now for unlimited access To continue enjoying Building.co.uk, sign up for free guest accessExisting subscriber? LOGIN Get your free guest access  SIGN UP TODAYlast_img read more

New look for the San Antonio Rampage

first_img 19,561 posts Sign in to follow this   388 posts Sodboy13 Sports Logo News 209 LetsGoAdmirals Share on other sites New look for the San Antonio Rampage Members Recommended Posts SportsLogos.Net SportsLogos.Net dknights411 2,520 posts 5,159 New look for the San Antonio Rampage 0 Link to post Posted September 7, 2006 Hey guys, just letting you know that the San Antonio Rampage have unveiled a new look to celebrate their fifth season in San Antonio, by switching their colors to the silver and black of their parent Spurs. I don’t have any shots of the redesigned logo (same logo, different colors, but here are the new game jerseys for the Rampage… Share on other sites 6 84 posts Davey 0 The least colorful games in the AHL this year will be when San Antonio and Milwaukee match up. Silver, white and black vs Silver, white, black and “ice blue”. Members Sports Logos Posted September 8, 2006 5,159 0 Link to post 0 Good use of the old Sabres jersey base there. I would rock one of those. Big time. Share this post Location:San Antonio, TX (Spurs Country!) Link to post Share this post Sports Logo News 0 Sodboy13 5,159 Phoenix is a bangwagon town burgess Location:Effington Members Share this post 6 Share on other sites 6 0 Edited September 8, 2006 by Sodboy13 Share on other sites 19 posts Share on other sites Posted September 8, 2006 leedsunited dknights411 209 Davey By dknights411, September 7, 2006 in Sports Logo News Link to post Posted September 8, 2006 Forums Home You know, those are better looking than a few NHL jerseys I can think of… 0 Lets smile a little more Link to post Posted September 8, 2006 Forums Home leedsunited 4,735 posts burgess 0 Link to post Share this post All Activity Members Reminds me of the Spurs, and the old Buffalo jerseys. But hey someone might as well use them now lol. 0 Share this post (edited) 0 LetsGoAdmirals 0 Well, I guess since the Sabres aren’t using it any more, I can’t complain too much…Okay, even though this is just adopting an NHL template, it’s an upgrade. The old Rampage unis were a confused mess, from the bizarro striping to the “San Antonio” across the front bottom hem in a font completely unrelated to anything else. I think the silver and black could still use some royal blue to help it pop, but hey, it’s worked for the Spurs for 30+ years, so I reckon you can’t question it too much. And just having the Bull’s head as the crest logo is a major improvement. Plus, the side/sleeve stripes kinda form “horns,” don’t they? Wait a minute, this has been done before. I just remembered the Birmingham Bulls used the Sabres template. Still, though, upgrade.And, most importantly of all, they aren’t Coyote clones.On a side note, I can’t believe the Rampage have lasted for 5 seasons. Definitely a pleasant surprise. 209 Members Followers 0 Favourite Logos:Barcelona DragonsHartford WhalersUS Soccer RattlesnakeJoliet Slammers “J-Bird”NBA All-Star New Orleans Crawfish Posted September 8, 2006 0 All Activity 0 0 Share on other sites This topic is now closed to further replies. Followers 0 Sign in to follow this   Go To Topic Listing Members Share this post Location:Western NY, USA Sports Logos 0 New look for the San Antonio Rampagelast_img read more

Kipchoge, Bekele fight to stay fit as London Marathon remains in limbo

first_imgLONDON, (Reuters) – Eliud Kipchoge and Kenenisa Bekele should have spent this week finalising their preparations for the London Marathon but the two best distance runners in history are instead out alone on the trails of East Africa not knowing when they will race again. Sunday’s planned showdown between the only two men to have gone under two hours, two minutes for the classic distance was an early victim of the coronavirus pandemic.Eliud KipchogeAlthough the race has been rescheduled for Oct. 4, it is far from certain if it will take place, in what form and whether the two superstars will be on the start line if it does.“It would have been our 40th race and we think it would have been an incredible day,” London Marathon race director Hugh Brasher told a teleconference on Friday. “We hope we can welcome them back in October but at this stage we just don’t know what is going to happen.“We have to look at it in totality, with three quarters of a million spectators, the medical side, the charities — we are looking at probably 10 scenarios, and they are changing all the time,” said Brasher.He added that staging an “elite-only” race, as run in Tokyo last month, was one of those options. September’s Berlin Marathon has been cancelled and Brasher said, without revealing details, that he was in regular discussions with other major race directors where some “radical ideas” were being evaluated.Brasher said last year’s London Marathon raised over 66 million pounds ($81.34 million) for charity.In an attempt to help plug an estimated four billion pounds hole in charity fundraising across all events this year, it has helped set up the 2.6 Challenge where athletes, celebrities and the public are doing their own fundraising activities. BEST RACEFor athletics fans, however, it is the absence of what Kipchoge said “could have been the best race ever” that will be leaving them feeling particularly hollow this Sunday morning.Kenya’s Kipchoge, the first man to run a sub-two hour marathon, in an unofficial race, is the defending champion and would have been chasing a record fifth London title. Bekele, from Ethiopia, still holds the world records over 5,000 and 10,000 metres and last year got within two seconds of Kipchoge’s 2:01:39 official marathon best.Now, instead of being the focus of the world’s sporting attention when “something special might have happened” according to Bekele, they, like millions of others, are doing their best to stay fit and keep their spirits up during lockdown.“Training alone affects my physical and mental state,” Kipchoge told the teleconference from his home in Eldoret. “Physically I’m training to make sure I’m fit but with a team you train to be in your best-ever shape.“Mentally, running alone, thinking alone, for an hour you can start feeling tired. I have been with a team for the last 15 years and this is really crazy for me and not comfortable at all.” Bekele agreed. “It’s not nice to run alone and it’s not possible to run together here in Ethiopia so it’s really difficult to prepare well,” he said. “I’m praying this will be all over soon.”In the wake of another Kenyan doping case last week, when 2017 London Marathon winner Daniel Wanjiru was provisionally suspended, there has been concern that the coronavirus lockdown, would present a “window of opportunity” for potential dopers in a country with a wretched recent record.Kipchoge, however, said he had confidence in the agencies involved. “Two weeks ago I was tested at home – following social distancing rules,” he said. “The testers have passes to allow them to move around so I don’t think it will be a problem.”last_img read more

Wolla dominates IMCA Modifieds at Dacotah

first_imgJason Wolla led all 25 laps in winning the season-opening feature for IMCA Modifieds at Dacotah Speed­way. (Photo by Layn Mudder)MANDAN, N.D. (May 5) – Jason Wolla was dominant in winning Friday’s season-opening feature for IMCA Modifieds at Dacotah Speedway.Pole sitter Jason Wolla and defending track champion Marlyn Seidler battled for the lead early before Wolla pulled away as Jeremy Keller passed Travis Hagen for third and reeled in Seidler for second.Not even lapped traffic could slow down Wolla as he quickly negotiated his way through the slower cars. Wolla led all 25 laps to win ahead of Keller and Seidler. Hagen held off Spencer Wilson for fourth.Jason Berg was the Mach-1 Sport Compact winner.last_img read more

Berry bags the Star award

first_imgBy Mark GullickSTAR Cranbourne midfielder Justin Berry capped a consistently brilliant year with the Star News Group MVP award. During…[To read the rest of this story Subscribe or Login to the Gazette Access Pass] Thanks for reading the Pakenham Berwick Gazette. Subscribe or Login to read the rest of this content with the Gazette Digital Access Pass subscription.last_img

Troy, Lee say I do in style

first_imgFRIDAY 6 November was a wonderful day with a perfect setting where Reverend Ineke Gyles married Lee Kitchin, second daughter…[To read the rest of this story Subscribe or Login to the Gazette Access Pass] Thanks for reading the Pakenham Berwick Gazette. Subscribe or Login to read the rest of this content with the Gazette Digital Access Pass subscription.last_img