Dartmouth researcher discovers ‘brain signature’ that predicts human emotions

first_imgShare on Twitter Email LinkedIn Share on Facebook “It’s an impressive demonstration of imaging our feelings, of decoding our emotions from brain activity,” says lead author Luke Chang, an assistant professor in Psychological and Brain Sciences at Dartmouth. “Emotions are central to our daily lives and emotional dysregulation is at the heart of many brain- and body-related disorders, but we don’t have a clear understanding of how emotions are processed in the brain. Thus, understanding the neurobiological mechanisms that generate and reduce negative emotional experiences is paramount.”The quest to understand the “emotional brain” has motivated hundreds of neuroimaging studies in recent years. But for neuroimaging to be useful, sensitive and specific “brain signatures” must be developed that can be applied to individual people to yield information about their emotional experiences, neuropathology or treatment prognosis. Thus far, the neuroscience of emotion has yielded many important results but no such indicators for emotional experiences.In their new study, the researchers’ goals were to develop a brain signature that predicts the intensity of negative emotional responses to evocative images; to test the signature in generalizing across individual participants and images; to examine the signature’s specificity related to pain; and to explore the neural circuitry necessary to predict negative emotional experience.Chang and his colleagues studied 182 participants who were shown negative photos (bodily injuries, acts of aggression, hate groups, car wrecks, human feces) and neutral photos. Thirty additional participants were also subjected to painful heat. Using brain imaging and machine learning techniques, the researchers identified a neural signature of negative emotion — a single neural activation pattern distributed across the entire brain that accurately predicts how negative a person will feel after viewing unpleasant images.“This means that brain imaging has the potential to accurately uncover how someone is feeling without knowing anything about them other than their brain activity,” Chang says. “This has enormous implications for improving our understanding of how emotions are generated and regulated, which have been notoriously difficult to define and measure. In addition, these new types of neural measures may prove to be important in identifying when people are having abnormal emotional responses – for example, too much or too little — which might indicate broader issues with health and mental functioning.”Unlike most previous research, the new study included a large sample size that reflects the general adult population and not just young college students; used machine learning and statistics to develop a predictive model of emotion; and, most importantly, tested participants across multiple psychological states, which allowed researchers to assess the sensitivity and specificity of their brain model.“We were particularly surprised by how well our pattern performed in predicting the magnitude and type of aversive experience,” Chang says. “As skepticism for neuroimaging grows based on over-sold and -interpreted findings and failures to replicate based on small sizes, many neuroscientists might be surprised by how well our signature performed. Another surprising finding is that our emotion brain signature using lots of people performed better at predicting how a person was feeling than their own brain data. There is an intuition that feelings are very idiosyncratic and vary across people. However, because we trained the pattern using so many participants – for example, four to 10 times the standard fMRI experiment — we were able to uncover responses that generalized beyond the training sample to new participants remarkably well.”center_img Pinterest Share A Dartmouth researcher and his colleagues have discovered a way to predict human emotions based on brain activity.The study is unusual because of its accuracy — more than 90 percent — and the large number of participants who reflect the general adult population rather than just college students. The findings could help in diagnosing and treating a range of mental and physical health conditions.The study appears in the journal PLOS Biology.last_img read more

The benefits of joining the residential conveyancing scheme

first_img Linda Lee is president of the Law Society Despite the challenges from licensed conveyancers, it is believed that between 85% and 90% of the conveyancing market are solicitors. However, it is hard to tell how accurate this figure is. Of only 600,000-800,000 transactions last year (which includes remortgages), the largest Land Registry users include Enact and My Home Move. Somewhere between 3,000 and 4,500 solicitors’ firms are dependent on conveyancing to remain solvent. Despite the perceived simplicity of this work, a large percentage of complaints and claims against solicitors relate to conveyancing matters. The combination of the downturn in the housing market and economic uncertainty mean that many solicitors who depend on conveyancing for their livelihoods face an uncertain future. The time has come for the profession to make sure that the excellent service and professional guarantee offered by solicitors is recognised by the profession and the public. That is why the Law Society launched our residential conveyancing scheme (CQS) earlier this year. We want to do what we can to make sure that solicitors who are committed to practising excellence and high professional standards stand out in a crowded market. The idea of a scheme was initiated by the Law Society Property Section Executive Committee which foresaw the difficult circumstances many firms now find themselves in. They also recognised the need to protect the current market share from competitors by establishing a quality mark that could be marketed to the public as a badge of excellence. Crucially, for practitioners, the CQS will also help with the problem experienced by some smaller firms relating to mortgage lenders and professional indemnity insurers, which have identified smaller firms as being too great a risk to use or protect. The CQS will help address that by making it possible for both lenders and insurers to know that they are dealing with high-quality solicitors at minimal cost and difficulty to themselves. For a variety of reasons, licensed conveyancers are currently seen as less of a risk in the context of mortgage fraud. The success of CQS through membership of the scheme may offer the only prospect for some firms to remain in the market. The Solicitors Regulation Authority, lenders and insurers have all been consulted during the development of this scheme. I am pleased to say that the CQS has support from the Council of Mortgage Lenders, the Building Societies Association, the Association of British Insurers and Nationwide. A number of key decisions were taken in formulating the scheme. First, the scheme would be run for the benefit of our members and their clients. It will only be open to firms of solicitors, not licensed conveyancers. The second was that the cost of being a member of the scheme would be kept low, and considerable capital investment would be required by the Law Society. This decision was approved by Law Society Council members, many of whom have no contact with the conveyancing market, but have a desire to support other sections of their profession. However, we cannot compromise the integrity of the scheme. Entry to the scheme will test the responsibility of the principals of the firm who apply for membership and their controls over the organisation. You will have to sign up for initial training that includes partners and staff involved in the conveyancing work, whether with legal documents, accounts, or with clients. The forms require detailed information and the standards are high, but I am confident that the majority of firms can meet those standards. Membership of the scheme will prove to be a positive asset, not only as a marketing tool but as an opportunity to reflect on and hone your own practice. At the heart of the scheme will be the new Law Society transaction protocol. This will reinforce consistency of standards throughout the conveyancing process. Work will continue to develop new standards and processes for the benefit of solicitors and their clients. Over time, it is hoped that real improvements to the conveyancing process can be achieved. The process demands interaction between members and relies on cooperation with other professionals as well as clients; the development work will take time and can best be tackled from within the new CQS environment. Assessment for entry to the scheme is based on key risk criteria. There will be ongoing monitoring based on performance against standards. There will also be an element of enforcement to maintain the reputation of the scheme. Membership will be subject to annual renewal. It is designed to be rigorous. We need to make sure that there is no doubt about the integrity and the high standards that CQS accreditation demonstrates for residential conveyancing practices. There is no reason why firms which are committed to achieving and maintaining high standards cannot achieve accreditation. Firms and individuals that achieve membership will create a trusted conveyancing community, which will go a long way to resolving many of the challenges that currently undermine the reputation of many good firms. The profession has shown a real interest in the benefits that this scheme can bring. Since we launched the scheme, we have received 113 applications from firms, ranging from sole practitioners to multi-partnership firms. Over 125 enquiries have been received as a result of our webinar, and we continue to receive a steady stream of telephone calls and enquiries. We hope to accredit our first legal firm shortly. I have made promoting the ‘solicitor brand’ a key theme of my presidency. I am committed to communicating the professional and personal integrity, skill and knowledge that solicitors ­possess. It is my hope that the CQS will go a long way towards helping to do that. I would encourage solicitors to join the Law Society scheme in large numbers, so that we will be able to help ensure solicitors retain their central role and independence in the conveyancing market. The benefits of the scheme to members are well worth the modest costs of application and the effort that is required. I hope that this article addresses the concerns of the small number of correspondents who have written to the editor of this magazine. As someone who had to be accredited to practise in my chosen field, I understand the reluctance to submit to an assessment process, but I hope that you will do so not just for the personal satisfaction of succeeding but also to meet the need for the profession to work together in this specialist area of work.last_img read more

King Escapement Projected to Reach 29,000

first_imgSince managers are feeling more confident with the run strength this year, dip netting for Kenai River sockeye has been extended to 24 hours per day through the end of the season July 31 (tomorrow at midnight). The sportsfishing bag limit for Kenai River sockeye has also been doubled. Begich: “It could be as high as 40% above forecast, if it ends up in the mid 30-ish, mid 30’s, 40-50% above forecast. And that’s not unusual. Anchor River was 100% over forecast. When it turns around, you don’t have any indication that it will turn around. It’s just because the fish survived well.” Commercial fishermen will likely continue into August with status quo management, according to Commercial Fisheries Management Biologist Pat Shields… King salmon counts have grazed the lower end of the goal for the past two years, with a few hundred fish over or under 15,000 counted at the sonar site. Shields: “The two possible changes that can occur in August to management of the East Side Set Net Fishery are as follows: first there is the 1% closure rule that applies separately to the Kasilof section and the Kenai and East Forelands sections. Second, if the Department projects that less than 22,500 late run Kenai River king salmon will escape, the East Side Set Net fishery is limited to no more than 36 hours of fishing time in August. The most recent projection for the spawning escapement for Kenai River late run king salmon was slightly more than 29,000.”center_img Sportsfishing Management Biologist Robert Begich said the reason for the turnaround isn’t immediately clear… FacebookTwitterEmailPrintFriendly分享After three years of steep closures to protect late run Kenai River king salmon, the run could reach the upper end of its escapement goal this season, according to Department of Fish & Game projections. Drifters have reported a poor season this year, with the Kenai sockeye run posting only slow, steady numbers. Members of the Upper Cook Inlet Drift Association will gather for an emergency meeting next month to discuss this season’s management.last_img read more

Report: Bristol City U23s 2-1 Charlton Athletic U23s

first_imgAlfie Doughty equalised from close range for the Addicks, but no matter what the outcome of the game, City had already qualified for the first of the knockout stages.City headed into their final group game level on points with Liverpool, who had already played their sixth and final match, therefore Luke Williams’ side knew at least a point would be enough to finish top of Group G.HEGELER RETURNSJens Hegeler captained the side as the defender marked his first start for five months after recovering from a knee injury. Milan Djuric also played for half an hour in the cup clash at City’s Failand training base, signalling his return from a groin injury.It was the visitors who went closest to scoring first after Jordan Zemura darted down the left before picking out Albie Morgan but his teammate curled an effort over the bar as he opted for placement into the top corner.Djuric should have put City ahead after George Nurse whipped in a driven, low cross. The Bosnian international seemed certain to score from close range but the ball tapped off the post. The keeper Jordan Beeney may have got a touch too before the ball was eventually scrambled away.But City were ahead after quarter of an hour; Woodrow picked the ball up to the left of goal and unleashed an unstoppable shot beyond Beeney.It was then a tale of two keepers as City shotstopper Jojo Wollacott first denied Alex Willis, before Beeney produced a smart save of his own to deny Gustav Engvall after he burst through on goal.ADDICKS EQUALISECharlton Athletic made it 1-1 through Doughty’s close-range shot shortly after the half-hour mark. A cutting through pass found Morgan whose shot flicked off Wollacott before pinging off the post. Doughty was ready to pounce for the rebound, smashing the ball into the open net.Already-qualified City came out for the second half far from content with a point and showed early signs of their pursuit for more goals: first, Woodrow clipped a delightful ball into Engvall, whose shot had to be tipped on to the post, and Woodrow fired off target shortly after.Chances came few and far between in the crisp and windy conditions, that was until substitute Antoine Semenyo turned and unleashed a powerful drive at goal which was finely pushed out for a corner from Beeney. But it was from that corner City’s decisive goal came.CITY WINNEREdwards, who earlier replaced Djuric, was the man of the moment as he received the ball from the City corner. He took the ball beyond a handful of Charlton players before striking the ball into the net.City held on to their winning scoreline, with only a Brendan Sarpong-Wiredu header a threat which Wollacott easily held late on.City complete their Group G journey with 13 points from four wins, one draw and one defeat.FULL-TIME THOUGHTSSpeaking after the whistle, U23s coach Williams said: “It was a good win. We were already through the group stage but the boys continued to play in a professional, competitive manner so that was good to see.”There was a lot of quality which they (first-team players) brought to the game. It’s credit to their attitudes that they are willing to come and play with the younger lads, in this type of game and they managed themselves immaculately.”They bring calmness and quality on the ball, leadership and their reading of the game. They help the players to understand different scenarios.”WILLIAMS RELISHING NEXT ROUNDCity take on Swansea in the next round of the PL Cup.Williams added: “I’m very much looking forward to playing Swansea. It’s going to be difficult, it always has been against Swansea, they are a strong outfit so it will be a great game.”All knockout ties, from the last 16 through to the final, will be one-off matches. If the teams are level after 90 minutes, they will be decided by extra-time and then penalties if there is still no winner.last_img read more

Paddy Power bolsters retail racing content with The Racing Partnership (TRP)

first_imgShare Related Articles Share Submit StumbleUpon Paddy Power raises awareness of Missing People with Motherwell ‘silhouette’ stand August 7, 2020 Updating the market, Paddy Power Betfair (PPB) has announced that it has agreed a long-term racing media rights deal The Racing Partnership (TRP).The partnership will see TRP content distributed throughout PPB’s Paddy Power retail betting estates from the 1 January 2017.TRP racing content will now include UK all-weather racing from Lingfield Park, Southwell and Wolverhampton tracks. Additionally, Paddy Power estates will gain broadcasts of all 15 Arena Racing Company owned-racecourses and seven independent racecourses from January 2018.Commenting on the agreement, Manging Director for Retail at Paddy Power Betfair, Dan Taylor said: “Paddy Power Betfair is delighted to have entered into this agreement with The Racing Partnership to ensure that customers in all of our shops across Ireland and the UK will continue to see fixtures from TRP racecourses, as well as racing from South Africa.”Director of The Racing Partnership, Mark Kingston, welcomed PPB as content partners: “This is a significant step for The Racing Partnership as it continues to establish itself in the market. As one of the leading operators in the UK and Ireland, we are delighted to have agreed a deal with Paddy Power Betfair. This follows strong take up from independents in both the UK and Ireland.”The deal with Paddy Power Betfair brings the total number of UK and Irish betting shops (Licensed Betting Offices – “LBOs”) who are signed up to TRP to more than 1,800 shops.  Larger independent LBOs who are taking the service include Boylesports, Jenningsbet and Stan James, with more recent signings including McLeans, Mark Jarvis and Toal’s bookmakers Flutter moves to refine merger benefits against 2020 trading realities August 27, 2020 FSB selects Glenn Elliott as new COO August 12, 2020last_img read more

EIG 2016: Amitabh Ghatak – Reality Bites…embracing new technology

first_img Related Articles Amitabh GhatakThe industry’s relationship with new technology and its impact on consumer trends and behaviour will be a key point of discussion at this week’s EIG 2016 Conference (Arena Berlin 18-20 October).Amitabh Ghatak former William Hill  Head of Product Development details to SBC how operators and industry stakeholders should assess and value new technologies entering the industry’s value chain.__________________________SBC: Hi Amitabh, you will be speaking at EIG Berlin on new technology impacts, Why should industry stakeholders be concerned by this subject matter?  Amitabh Ghatak: All industries across the world are either leveraging technology to gain a competitive edge or are worried about the next startup that could potentially disrupt an industry entirely.In gaming industry itself, you only have to look back to 2012 – the point at which mobile became the dominant emerging channel. It was such a seismic shift and companies that didn’t have a mobile-first approach got left behind fairly quickly.SBC: In your opinion are igaming and betting industry stakeholders good at embracing new technologies? What can be done to have a more innovative marketplace?  AG: We need to recognise that we are not tech companies – although some companies are making genuine efforts to be one. Till the time we have the desire and the tech platform to be “Innovators”, I don’t see anything wrong in being the “Early Majority.”That said, as a technology enthusiast, Im genuinely surprised by how little progress we’ve made on the gaming side. Are our slots particularly different from what they were in 70’s? Yes, the device has changed, but with such amazing (non-gambling) games coming to mobile devices, the current suite looks a little dated. Even if you look at the social casino world, they are quite ahead in terms of an “entertaining experience” compared to RMG.SBC: Assessing current consumer trends and habits, what technology do you feel will lead to the next industry ‘paradigm shift’?AG: Almost certainly VR/AR. You only have to look at Mark Zuckerberg’s Oculus Connect talk to understand where the future is. Google, Facebook, Microsoft, and others are pumping in money by the billions in order to nail this. Pokemon Go has paved the way for people to think of AR as a genuine revenue generating opportunity. Augmented Reality has always been one of those technologies that was looking for a purpose, and I think its finally come of age.SBC: With regards to new technology impacts, which outside industries should igaming and online betting stakeholder look to learn from?AG: There are several similarities between the world financial trading and sports betting (market makers vs book makers, trading, high transaction volumes, joy and pain of playing). Hedge funds now trade algorithmically in private pools with transaction times in milliseconds. They’ve even physically moved offices to be closer their data centres to save on transaction time. Of course this is a bit excessive (for now) but you can see how they maximise the use of tech.On the consumer side, the sports and gaming sites are modelled around an e-commerce experience (add-to-cart & checkout), although i think the large sites are still not very impressive – look to the niche e-commerce apps to get inspiration. l also see a blend of content and commerce becoming more relevant.SBC: As new technologies enter the market what industry legacy values do you feel will be tested or ultimately made redundant?AG: Retail is a steady ship but with a changing demographic, its getting harder to stay profitable. Certainly, there needs to be a pivot within retail towards a different profile – and that could be tech-driven, or could even be a partnership with another established chain.There’s also a greater set of options for the customer’s wallet, gaming is just one of the many. There would have to be a shift towards making the propositions more entertaining and intertwined with content as well as real-world (not just digital) opportunities to enhance the ride.SBC: Finally…what do you want EIG delegates to take away from your speaker session on new technology impacts?AG: One, there’s nothing wrong in being the “Early Majority.”, just be in a place to understand where the trends are outside the industry. Two, set yourself up for doing innovation, but always tie it to your core proposition – don’t try moonshots. and finally, partner with a company who specialises in the type of innovation you’re looking to experiment in. This is also not for the faint hearted, it requires time, effort and iterations._____________________Amitabh Ghatak Submit William Hill accelerates transformation agenda to overcome COVID realities August 5, 2020 Share StumbleUpon Gamesys tops list for GambleAware Q1 donations July 10, 2020 SBC Magazine Issue 10: Kaizen Gaming rebrand and focus for William Hill CEO August 25, 2020 Sharelast_img read more