Email LinkedIn People with lower self-esteem don’t feel good about presenting themselves authentically on the social networking website Facebook, according to new research published in Computers in Human Behavior.“Facebook is a rich site for research, enabling various forms of user engagement, but also considerable information exposure. Previous evidence in the social media literature indicates that Facebook is indeed a double-edged sword where engagement with the platform can positively or negatively influence users’ subjective well-being (SWB),” said Wonseok (Eric) Jang, an assistant professor at Texas Tech University and corresponding author of the study.“Studies have found that some forms of social support (e.g., the ‘Like’ button or supportive comments) from Facebook friends results in a greater degree of SWB, whereas other research has documented that when Facebook users adopt a comparative mindset, engagement with Facebook lowers SWB via feelings of envy,” Jang said. Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Pinterest Share “Due to these conflicting patterns, we were interested in examining whether the type of self-presentation strategy that users adopt on the platform influences what they get out of Facebook use, particularly if psychological rewards derived from engaging with the medium depend on one’s level of self-esteem.”The researchers examined two different ways that people can portray themselves on social networking websites: true self-presentation and strategic self-presentation. In the former, people provide an honest reflection of themselves and their life. In the latter, people selectively disclose only positive content to create a more favorable impression of themselves.In the study, 278 Facebook users were instructed to post content reflecting their true selves or strategic selves to Facebook before completing a scientific questionnaire.The researchers found that true self-presentation was associated with greater happiness after posting to Facebook only for high self-esteem users, not for low self-esteem users. Strategic self-presentation, on the other hand, made both high and low self-esteem users happy.“Our findings suggest that users with low self-esteem may use Facebook as an effective platform to enhance their sense of SWB by highlighting their most desirable characteristics,” Jang told PsyPost. “In general, low self-esteem individuals are reluctant to express their positive characteristics to others because they are not confident about their image and perceive themselves as less socially attractive than people with high self-esteem.”“In the context of Facebook, we found that people perceive the social media platform as a relatively safe environment because users can determine their friends and control what they share. The opportunities for embarrassment are thus reduced compared to in-person interactions, which are more unpredictable. Low self-esteem individuals may thus use Facebook as a platform to share aspect of themselves including their most desirable and positive characteristics to enhance their attractiveness and, in turn, heighten their SWB.”The study has some limitations.“It is not yet clear whether the gain in SWB we are seeing for low self-esteem users are enduring or disappear rapidly,” Jang explained. “Facebook users may enhance their level of SWB right after posting new messages or images but such benefits may decay over time, or even quite quickly.”“Future research should examine whether Facebook use has short- or long-term effects on users’ SWB and other positive outcomes. It would be especially interesting to examine whether such effects are determined by the type of self-presentation strategy (e.g., presenting a true self vs. presenting a strategic self) that users adopt while interacting with others.”“At this troubled time for Facebook and other social media platforms, we think investigating long-term outcomes from regular and consistent use of social media should be prioritized,” Jang added. “At present, there is still a limited understanding of whether the effects of Facebook use on user well-being are short-lived or enduring.”“Such insight could have important implications for broader public attitudes toward these growing avenues of social influence. Thus, scholars should incorporate longitudinal designs into their social media research and consider sustained influence on user psychology.”The study, “Self-esteem moderates the influence of self-presentation style on Facebook users’ sense of subjective well-being“, was authored by Wonseok (Eric) Jang, Erik Bucy, and Janice Cho.
Woodland, Washington-headquarted ITI is offering three summer dates which will cover topics such as the centre of gravity and managing risk.The three webinars below feature training modules that ITI Instructors conduct daily around the world.The dates are as below:ITI Master Rigger Course: Interactive Demo – Wednesday, July 11, 2012; 2pm ESTWho, What, Where, When, How & Why of the Master Rigger Course Interactive Workshops Rigging Selection Load ControlCentre of GravityLift Planning Considerations – Thursday, August 2, 2012; 1pm ESTConditions & Consequences: Forming a Decision-TreeStandard vs. Critical LiftsVerbal vs. Written PlansManaging Your RiskASME B30 & P30 Developments – Friday, September 7, 2012; 1pm ESTAgenda TBCwww.iti.com
4-2 Argos travel to Lee and Shorter to face Gulf South opponents (Photo by Emmele Photography) Share Match Notes: West Florida continues conference play on the road PENSACOLA, Fla. – The University of West Florida men’s soccer team is back on the road this weekend to face Lee University and Shorter University Friday and Sunday.The Argos are coming off of a split weekend where they defeated Alabama-Huntsville 4-1 and fell to Union (Tenn.) 1-0. Lee is also coming off of a split weekend where they defeated Delta State 2-0, and fell to Christian Brothers 2-1 in double overtime. Shorter remained undefeated in conference play this past weekend after defeating Delta State and Christian Brothers.West Florida moved down one spot to third in the conference after earning its first conference loss while No. 25 West Alabama took over second and Shorter remained in first place.Live Coverage:Live Stats at LeeLive Audio at LeeLive Stats & Audio at ShorterMatch Notes:9/27 at Lee, 9/29 at ShorterLeading the ConferenceThe University of West Florida soccer team has seen solid offensive production this year even after losing some key members from graduation.The Argos are tied for the conference lead in goals per game with West Alabama at 2.167 per game. West Florida is also in the top two in goals against per game with 1.33, just behind West Alabama with 1.00. The Argos are also first in shots (91), second in corners (31), and second in scoring margin (0.84).Gallet Off To Hot StartWest Florida has several players who are in the top 10 of the conference in several statistics including Dillon Gallet (Lafayette, La.) who leads the conference in shots (25) and shots per game (4.17). Gallet is also tied for fourth with eight points and tied for third with three goals.The Argonauts also have four players tied for third with two assists each in Gallet, Marteinn Urbancic, Felipe Oliveira, and Nick Salafrio.Standout KeepersIn goalie statistics, the Argos have two goalies in the top seven of the conference in every major statistical category. Those goalies are senior Steven Hermosa and freshman Frederik Bruhn.Hermosa has a 1.200 GAA (3rd), .625 save percentage (6th), and makes 0.83 saves per game (7th) so far this season, while Bruhn has a 1.000 GAA (2nd), .813 save percentage (2nd), and makes 2.17 saves per game (4th).Freshmen Paying Their DuesThe Argos have seen multiple freshmen play and make an impact this season. One of those impact players is Marteinn Urbancic who has four points through six games this year. Urbancic also had a key assist on a game winning goal against Spring Hill in overtime on Sept. 8th.Another freshman that has helped the Argos to a 4-2 season so far is Frederik Bruhn. Through three games, Bruhn has made 13 saves for a .818 save percentage and has only allowed three goals in three starts.West Florida has also seen solid play from Japhet Bitsindou (Fontenay sous bois, France) this season. Made two starts in three games for the Argos before an injury sidelined him for the past three games. Print Friendly Version