Share Share on Facebook LinkedIn “A second reason why it is important to be better able to explain political behavior is of a more normative nature. It is often asserted that the essence of politics is power and power relationships. From this point of view, it is important to understand what explains why some citizens are more politically active than others. Put differently, a better understanding of the reasons for political participation is a precondition for creating a more equal society,” Oskarsson said.Statistics Sweden, a government agency, maintains a database called the Multi-Generation Register that contains information on the biological parents of individuals. The database includes 10,717,814 non-adopted individuals and 155,865 adopted individuals.The researchers analyzed this data, along with additional information regarding educational attainment, income, occupational status and political candidacy, to examine the intergenerational transmission of political behavior. Overall, the probability of being a political candidate was about 2.3%. But among adopted individuals whose biological parents were candidates, the probability of being a political candidate jumped up to about 5%.“A first take-home point is that there is a strong parent–child transmission in the tendency to run for office. If you have a parent that ran for office, there is a much higher likelihood that you will also stand as a political candidate as an adult,” Oskarsson told PsyPost.“Second, and more importantly, this intergenerational transmission in political candidacy status reflects both social and genetic factors. We used a sample of adopted children and their biological and adoptive parents to investigate this.”“The results clearly suggest that having a biological parent who ran for office is a good predictor of the adoptee’s probability of running for office as adults, despite the fact that these children were adopted away early in life and have had no contact with their birth parents ever since. However, the results also indicate that adoptive parents’ political activity is a major source of intergenerational resemblance,” Oskarsson said.All scientific research includes some limitations — and this study is no exception.“Like other recent studies on the heritability of complex human behaviors this study takes a first important step by showing that political candidacy is caused by both social and genetic factors. However, it is even more important to take further steps and investigate how social and political traits are shaped by the interplay between genes and environment,” Oskarsson explained.“They arise when the type or magnitude of the effect of a genetic factor depends on the environmental conditions in which it is expressed. In our case we can suspect, for example, that a predisposition toward political engagement may only matter under the right environmental circumstances. However, the knowledge of how these so called gene-by-environment interactions actually work is currently limited: what genetic factors interact with what social, economic and political factors, and how?”The findings indicate that political candidacy may be a genetically influenced trait. However, any genetic influence is just one factor among many that contribute to an individual’s decision to run for public office.“It is important to note that our results do not signal genetic determinism. Our finding that biological parents’ behavior is a strong predictor of political candidacy among adoptees does not mean that there is direct causal link between a set of genetic factors and an individual’s propensity to run for office. Any genetic effect on a complex behavior such as running for office will undoubtedly be mediated by a large set of factors, some of which are malleable,” Oskarsson added.“It is also important to stress that omitting the genetic part of intergenerational transmission – that is, failing to take into account that we are not only raised by our parents, but we also inherit a combination of their DNA – neglects an integral part of the explanation of social and political traits because genetic differences between individuals not only add to social and environmental influences but also co-vary and interact with them in complex ways.”“Consequently, considering genetic influences by no means negates social influences, but rather provides an additional layer of explanation that can substantially improve our understanding of how they work. As such, it can also aid in developing more effective policies that deal with the social roots and consequences of social and political inequality,” Oskarsson said.The study, “It Runs in the Family: A Study of Political Candidacy Among Swedish Adoptees“, was authored by Sven Oskarsson, Christopher T. Dawes, and Karl-Oskar Lindgren. A new study on Swedish adoptees suggests that political candidacy is a heritable trait. The research, which appears in the journal Political Behavior, found that the likelihood of standing as a political candidate doubled if one’s parent had been a candidate.“My research interest in general concerns how human behavior, especially political behavior, is formed by the interplay between social and genetic factors,” explained study author Sven Oskarsson of Uppsala University and the Uppsala Center for Labor Studies.“A better understanding of these basic causes of differences in political behavior is fundamental for at least two reasons. The first is that politics and political activity is something that in a deeper sense is a characteristic of us as a species. Humans are, to quote Aristotle, political animals by nature. This means that a deeper understanding of how we think and act in political contexts is an important part of our understanding of ourselves.” Email Pinterest Share on Twitter
Share 280 Views 2 comments Sharing is caring! Prime Minister of Barbados, Mia Mottley has refuted claims that her government poached or enticed Ross University to move away from Dominica in a statement issued on Tuesday 7 August 2018.Adtalem Global Education, the parent company of Ross University, announced Ross’ departure from Dominica and relocation to Barbados during a joint press conference with Prime Minister of Barbados, Mia Mottley on Friday 3 August 2018.Since the announcement, a number of persons both locally and regionally, have criticized Prime Minister Mottley for the decision claiming that it would cripple the Dominica economy at a time when it is recovering from Hurricane Maria.Ms. Mottley, in her statement, said while she is not qualified to speak for or on behalf of Ross, “but what I can say is that the hands of the Barbados Government are clean in this matter”. She further clarified that Barbados came into the picture, “only when, for Ross University, returning to Dominica for the start of the January semester in 2019, was not an option”.“This is not and has never been a case of poaching or enticing anyone away from Dominica,” she emphasized.Further, Prime Minister Mottley stated that the relationship between Barbados and Dominica is strong and noted her “personal” relationship with Prime Minister Roosevelt Skerrit.It is not clear however, when the Dominica Government was informed that Ross would not be returning as according to Member of Parliament for the Portsmouth Constituency, Ian Douglas as at 30 July 2018, government was doing all within its power to ensure that Ross returns to the island.The University, which had been operating here for forty years, relocated following the passage of Hurricane Maria in September 2017 as a result of damages to some of its building as well as apartments which housed the students.Prime Minister Mottley said her government inquired from Ross whether all options and scenarios had been explored and fully exhausted and “we spoke with officials of the Dominican Government who were still hopeful of a return of the school, but who conceded that a January start-up was highly unlikely given their circumstances”. However, it is not clear whether Prime Ministers Mottley and Skerrit discussed Ross’ move prior to it being announced.Further, Prime Minister Mottley said it was “only after Dominica was ruled out” for the January 2019 start-up of classes and when attention had turned to at least two other potential locations in the region, “that Barbados then embraced the idea of making itself available as a possible site for relocation”.She added that in all discussions with Ross, “it was stressed, ad nauseam, the impact the move would have on Dominica and the Dominican economy and the clear need to mitigate any fall out”.Her full statement is as follows;“STATEMENT BY THE HON. MIA AMOR MOTTLEY, QC, MPON THE ROSS UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF MEDICINE RELOCATING TO BARBADOSGood afternoon.I am a bit disappointed that some Barbadians and others across the region appear duped by the attempt by a few who have sought to create discord and confusion over the decision of Adtalem Global Education to locate one of its institutions, Ross University School of Medicine School to Barbados.I am not qualified to speak for or on behalf of Ross, but what I can say is that the hands of the Barbados Government are clean in this matter. Let me make it absolutely clear. Barbados came into the picture, only when, for Ross University, returning to Dominica for the start of the January semester in 2019, was not an option. This is not and has never been a case of poaching or enticing anyone away from Dominica. Let me give you the facts. The Government of Barbados was first approached on this matter on May 31st, 2018 within a week of forming the Government.In our first conference call the following day on June 1st, I sought to have a number of matters clarified. My first response was to enquire of the state of recovery and rehabilitation in Dominica and whether there was anything sister islands in the Caribbean, like Barbados, could do to fast track the process of rehabilitation in Dominica. It must be known and understood by all concerned that Ross University had not actually been operational in Dominica since the passage of Hurricane Maria and indeed, the student and faculty bodies were temporarily relocated to two separate countries since last year, namely St. Kitts and Tennessee. That situation will continue I am told, into the next semester. The question for Ross therefore was how soon could and would the situation be regularised to the extent of housing all students and the operation of the University, if not under one roof, surely on one island. Indeed, as they expressed it – how could they meet the expectations of all their stakeholders – their students, the parents and faculty – and then their shareholders, as a publicly traded company. We enquired of Ross as I said, whether all options and scenarios had been explored and fully exhausted. We spoke with officials of the Dominican Government who were still hopeful of a return of the school, but who conceded that a January start-up was highly unlikely given their circumstances. It was only after Dominica was ruled out for the January start-up of classes and when attention had turned to at least two other potential locations in the region, two sister Caribbean islands, that Barbados then embraced the idea of making itself available as a possible site for relocation. It should also be noted that Adtalem Global Education has extensive operations all over the world and not just in the Caribbean. Hence their choices have always been not just the Caribbean region. In all our discussions with Ross, it was stressed, ad nauseam, the impact the move would have on Dominica and the Dominican economy and the clear need to mitigate any fall out. I am aware of direct ongoing discussions between Ross and the Dominican Government and I am assured by all parties concerned that there could and would be an amicable resolution of this matter. We look forward to this. Let me stress that the relationship between Barbados and Dominica is strong. Our Governments work closely together and my relationship with Prime Minister Skerrit is very good. Indeed, Prime Minister Skerrit was the first leader with whom I met on becoming Prime Minister of Barbados. Prime Minister Skerrit is on my Whatsapp. Our relationship therefore is not only fraternal, it is personal. Therefore, for anyone to suggest that I would knowingly or deliberately set out to hurt, harm or undermine the interests of Dominica, Dominicans, their Government or their leader, simply do not know or understand Mia Amor Mottley. I am committed to partnering with Dominica in all of its recovery efforts. I said this before assuming office and I repeated this in many of my speeches since coming to Government. I repeat – Barbados embraced the idea of housing Ross University only when and after it was determined that a return to Dominica was not an option at this time. For anyone in the region to suggest otherwise is at best, ignorant of the facts and at worst, downright malicious. I am not at liberty to divulge the nature and focus of discussions currently taking place between Dominica and Ross, but I can say to all concerned that I have certainly made my views known on what can be done to ease the pain of the loss to Dominica of this enterprise. I believe also that over and beyond the issue of Ross and Dominica and Ross and Barbados, there is the bigger question of how we treat as a region to these mega entities and their interests in investing in our Community. That is why we will shortly have before us as Ministers of Finance and thereafter as Heads of Government, the consideration of a Common Community Investment Policy and Investment Code. I firmly believe that we can achieve so much more if we cooperate as a region in these matters. Barbados will remain committed to ensuring that we will continue to help our brothers and sisters in Dominica as we have done as a Nation after each of the storms and hurricanes in recent years. We have made it clear that we will welcome with open arms any persons on faculty from Dominica and any students who come on scholarship to Ross from Dominica. We ourselves as a Government, will offer scholarships at the Barbados Community College and the Samuel Jackman Prescod Institute to Dominicans so that they may have as many people working ultimately to rebuild Dominica with as many skills as possible as they can. I hope my friends, that this statement provides the clear factual matrix.Thank you.7th August 2018”. Tweet Share BusinessEducationLocalNewsPoliticsRegionalTertiary Barbados PM denies ‘poaching’ Ross from Dominica by: – August 8, 2018 Share
No. 6 UWF Remains Undefeated in Win Over Southwest Baptist ARKADELPHIA, Ark. – The No. 6 West Florida women’s tennis team (3-0, 2-0 GSC) blanked its third straight opponent in a 7-0 victory over Southwest Baptist at the indoor courts of the Heflin Tennis Center in Arkadelphia on Saturday. The Argonauts dispatched the Bearcats to remain perfect on the season.In doubles action, UWF dropped just five games combined in the three matches. In the first spot, the No. 24 doubles team of Suzana Cavalcante (senior/Sao Paulo, Brazil) and Paulina Ojeda (sophomore/Santiago, Chile) defeated Johanna Olsson and Jolee Cook, 8-4. In the second spot No. 12 Renata Mattos (senior/Sao Paulo, Brazil) and Taylor Brewster (sophomore/Ontaro, Canada) dropped a single game in their 8-1 win over Jenna Hendrickson and Thish Moceo. Cammie Gray (freshman/Shalimar, Fla.) and Yana Bokareva (sophomore/Moscow, Russia) did not drop a game, defeating Sarah Sentlinger and Crystal Guiot, 8-0, to give the Argonauts the 3-0 lead.Playing in the first spot in singles, No. 2 Cavalcante only dropped three games in her 6-3, 6-0 win over Cook. In the second singles, Bokareva defeated Olsson with a doubles 6-2 score. In the following two matches, the Argonauts did not drop a game. No. 15 Ojeda played in the third spot and defeated Hendrickson, 6-0, 6-0. Gray kept her impressive mark of not dropping a game in singles play, defeating Guiot in the sixth spot. Due to a tight schedule, the No. 4 and No. 5 postion singles matches were not played, as the Argonauts had already clinched the match.West Florida will take on unranked GSC rival Henderson State this Sunday, March 1. The Argonauts will face the Lady Reddies at a neutral site in Arkadelphia, Ark., at 9 a.m. For information on all UWF Athletics, visit www.GoArgos.com.#ARGOS#Singles#1 Suzana Cavalcante (UWF) def. Jolee Cook (SBU) 6-3, 6-0 #2 Yana Bokareva (UWF) def. Johanna Olsson (SBU) 6-2, 6-2#3 Paulina Ojeda (UWF) def. Jenna Hendrickson (SBU) 6-0, 6-0#4 Renata Mattos (UWF) vs. Trish Moceo (SBU) DNP#5 Taylor Brewster (UWF) vs. Sarah Sentlinger (SBU) DNP#6 Cammie Gray (UWF) def. Crystal Guiot (SBU) 6-0, 6-0Doubles#1 Cavalcante/Ojeda (UWF) def. Cook/Olsson (SBU) 8-4#2 Brewster/Mattos (UWF) def. Hendrickson/Moceo (SBU) 8-1#3 Bokareva/Gray (UWF) def. Sentlinger/Guiot (SBU) 8-0Print Friendly Version Paulina Ojeda (Photo by Ron Besser) Share
A Manchester United fan boasted that he had bet his entire legacy on the title of the great rival Liverpool.Tony Ward has decided to risk a £ 55,000 bet that the Reds will be celebrating at the end of the season and has had to nervously wait for a break in the league because of COVID-19 to reap the rewards.The 55-year-old father of three from Bradford has raised a total of 91,000 pounds after the correct prediction that Jurgen Klopp and his players will triumph in the Premier League.He inherited his 55,000 when his mother Rose died in 2017 at the age of 82. Ward kept the money and in October last year he bet it all at odds of 4/6.“Liverpool seemed capable of winning the title. I chose them after a long, long deliberation,” said the fan.He then watched the Merseysiders’ victory raid until the coronavirus was abruptly interrupted. “I think I would have got my bet back if the season had been canceled. But that wouldn’t have been fair, Liverpool were so far ahead and they only needed 6 points.”Tony Ward admits that he is a supporter of United, although not those who go to the stadiums. However, in this case, the Liverpool title could not but please him.Now he plans to spend part of the proceeds on a trip, and the rest will save in the bank.And would his mother approve of the decision to risk the entire inheritance? “She wouldn’t mind at all, I’m sure. She loved betting on horses. But I would definitely give up all the money if I could get my mom back,” the fan concluded.