Share Email Pinterest Share on Facebook Religiosity is associated with lower levels of proneness to boredom, according to new research published in the scientific journal Emotion.“Studies show that boredom propels people to seek for activities that are more fulfilling; acts that offer a sense of purpose and meaning. It follows that activities or beliefs that people feel gives them a sense of purpose should help to prevent getting bored. Yet, surprisingly, this had never been tested,” said study author Wijnand A.P. Van Tilburg of King’s College London. “We looked at religiosity because religious people tend to describe their beliefs as offering them a sense of meaning in life. Besides that, religion is of course an incredibly widespread phenomenon worldwide and affects many people. So, we were interested if religiosity, a source of meaning in life for many, might prevent boredom.” Share on Twitter LinkedIn “The research had a secondary, more subtle, but nonetheless interesting purpose: If boredom normally makes people search for new purpose or meaning, then could it be that religiosity, through reducing boredom, indirectly prevents people from doing so?”Across three separate studies, with nearly 1,500 participants in total, the researchers found that religious people tended to feel less bored, which in turn was associated with a lower inclination to search for meaning compared to non-religious people. The participants included Christians, Agnostics, Atheists, Jews, Buddhists, Muslims, and Hindus.Non-religious people who were subjected to a mundane task — transcribing an excerpt about lawn mowing — tended to report higher levels of boredom. They were also more likely than religious people to say they wanted to do something of greater significance.“By reducing boredom, religiosity indirectly tempered the ‘quest’ for meaning,” van Tilburg told PsyPost. “To be clear: this does not mean that religious people do not search for meaning in their lives. Rather, the findings suggests that, counter-intuitively, religious people are less inclined to search for meaningful alternatives in situations where others would feel bored.”Religious people were more likely to perceive life as more meaningful to start with, which was in turn associated with less boredom. “The finding that a seemingly minor, everyday life, and mundane experience as boredom connects two variables of such existential and cultural significance as religiosity and meaning in life is, in our view, profound,” van Tilburg said.“The finding that boredom links these two variables showcases how relevant ‘mundane’ emotions are in people’s quests for making sense of their existence, simultaneously further grounding the psychology religiosity and meaning in ‘mundane’ life and revealing boredom as actor with a more significantly role than it is traditionally given.”But the study includes some caveats.“No single study or even series of studies can fully address complicated phenomena such as religiosity, meaning in life, and boredom. For example, people differ in the way they practice their religion: some may focus particularly on the social and community activities that come with it, whereas others may focus more on using religion as a guide through their lives,” van Tilburg explained.“In our research we have not yet made such important distinction. Could it be that the role of religiosity in reducing boredom depends on how people put their religion in practice? Furthermore, our studies focused mostly (though not exclusively) on Christians. Are there differences across religions? These are questions we have yet to find the answers to.”Previous research conducted by van Tilburg found a link between boredom and political extremism. “Throughout this and our other research we consistently find that boredom offers many surprises. It may seem like a mundane perhaps even trivial unpleasant experience but it turns out that it fulfills important psychological and social roles,” he added. “Boredom ‘wakes us up’ by stirring a desire for challenge and more meaningful activity. It propels people towards activities that they believe offer a sense of purpose and this can lead to a range of unexpected outcomes, including derogation of outsiders, retrieving self-soothing nostalgic memories, and turning to more extreme political views.”The study, “Bored like Hell: Religiosity reduces boredom and tempers the quest for meaning“, was authored by Wijnand A. P. van Tilburg, Eric R. Igou, Paul J. Maher, Andrew B. Moynihan, and Dawn G. Martin.
Hancock’s trial is set for the week of April 18. Alexander: “Thirteen counts related to the possession and distribution of images of child sexual exploitation.” On February 3, the Alaska Bureau of investigation asked that anyone with information regarding potential victims of Hancock to contact Soldotna Investigator Vince Peronto at 907-260-2709. He faces a potential sentence of two to 99 years in jail on each of the 13 counts of child pornography if convicted. FacebookTwitterEmailPrintFriendly分享Soldotna resident and former Peninsula Martial Arts teacher Michael Dean Hancock pleaded not guilty to various charges of sexual abuse of a minor and unlawful exploitation of a minor in Kenai court Thursday. In Kenai, Hancock faces 20-99 years in prison and a fine of up to $500,000 for First Degree Sexual Abuse of a minor. For the charges of Second Degree Sexual Abuse and Unlawful Exploitation of a Minor he faces up to ten years in prison and a fine of $100,000 each. Originally he was indicted by an Anchorage Grand Jury on January 14 according to Assistant Attorney General Adam Alexander… Hancock was indicted by a Kenai Grand Jury on February 3 for one count of Sexual Abuse of a Minor in the First Degree, one count of Sexual Abuse of a Minor in the Second Degree, and three counts of Unlawful Exploitation of a Minor.
FacebookTwitterEmailPrintFriendly分享Since July 1, 2015 the Alaska Department of Fish and Game has counted 183 moose killed in vehicle collisions and 70 that were hit but not recovered. Local Wildlife Biologist Jeff Selinger says those numbers are similar to the past couple of years but lower than the approximately 250 moose per year killed when the animals’ population was higher. Selinger: “The tracks stick out better and the animals show up much better on a white background, so we need conditions of 8+ inches of good snow cover with the ground frozen so it retains the snow and then we need a weather window of about five days after the snowfall to complete the census within one sub unit.” He says the mild winters have also helped drivers avoid moose since road conditions have been better than usual. Selinger: “Since our moose populations have dropped, in the northern part of the Kenai especially in the mountains of the Soldotna and out to Nikiski and down to Kasilof, our moose numbers in those areas are decreased from previous years and our road kill numbers are down slightly but not a lot.” Selinger says the Department is estimating that moose populations have continued to decline but they have not had the right conditions to pursue aerial census of the animals due to the low snowfall. The last census was taken in 2013.