Bolsonaro draws battle lines in fight over Amazon indigenous lands

first_imgParintins, site of Brazil’s big annual indigenous festival, is typical of towns in the Brazilian Amazon. The Sateré, and other indigenous groups living or working there, often endure discrimination and work analogous to slavery. Civil rights are few and indigenous populations inhabit the bottom rung of the economic ladder.Now more than ever, indigenous groups fear the loss of their cultural heritage and land rights as guaranteed under the 1988 Brazilian Constitution. New president Jair Bolsonaro wants to achieve indigenous societal “assimilation,” a process by which an ethnic minority group’s traditional way of life and livelihoods is erased.The strongest advocates of indigenous assimilation are the ruralistas, rural wealthy elites and agribusiness producers, who have the most to gain via access to the timber, land and mineral wealth found within indigenous territories. The bancada ruralista agribusiness lobby is strong in Congress, and it supports Bolsonaro.The Sateré, along with other indigenous groups, have endured a long history marked by extermination and exploitation. Brazil’s 900,000 indigenous people are increasingly joining together to fight the anti-indigenous policies proposed by the Bolsonaro administration and supported by the ruralists. Benito Miquiles, a Sateré man. Image by Matheus ManfrediniIn February, a Mongabay reporting team travelled to the Brazilian Amazon, spending time with the remote Sateré-Mawé, documenting their culture and long-time conflict with mining companies and land grabbers. This series looks at new threats imposed on the Sateré and indigenous groups across Brazil as they’re threatened by the ruralist-friendly policies of President Jair Bolsonaro. The trip was funded by the Amazon Rainforest Journalism Fund in association with the Pulitzer Center and Mongabay.PARINTINS, BRAZIL – On the banks of the Amazon River, in the Parintins municipal district of Amazonas state, Benito Miquiles, a young Sateré indigenous man watches boats come and go. Francesa, the port where he stands, is located in a small bay where the district’s untreated sewage flows into the river. It’s also here that boats travelling to and from the state’s interior stop to unload, with Indians and fisherfolk hefting heavy bags of manioc flour, copaíba oil and guarana, then forced to walk down a narrow 15-foot-long plank and on into town to sell their wares.Benito, who accompanied and guided the Mongabay reporting team throughout its trip, knows better than most the happenings, sounds and smells of Francesa. He lived here, out in the open, slinging his hammock among the boats, for two years while studying for a college degree in Parintins. Now age 25, he recently earned a diploma in intercultural indigenous studies from the Federal University of Amazonas.“It was a big achievement,” the young Sateré-Mawé acknowledges.Benito is proud to be Sateré, but people in Parintins frequently comment that he doesn’t look like a “real Indian.” His hair is stylishly coiffed, he owns a smart phone, takes “selfies” and wears a cap and sunglasses, but for Benito indigenous identity is something that comes from inside himself, irrespective of what he is wearing: “I was born Sateré, I grew up Sateré, and wherever I go I am Sateré. I can use a coat and tie, trainers, smart clothes, but I will always be Sateré.”last_img read more

Indian girls failed to qualify to the next round despite the win over Thailand…

first_imgAdvertisementIndian under 19 Women’s team were able to beat Thailand in their own soil with Grace Lalrampari’s solo goal in the first half of the match in the first round of AFC Under 19 Championship Qualifiers. Despite the win against the host Nation, India were unable to go to next round of the competition. Three teams were on the same points after India’s win over Thailand in the competition. Thailand finished at the top of the Group with the better Goal difference. Between India and Nepal, the result between them came into the way and that’s why Nepal finished ahead of India in the first round of AFC under 19 Championship Qualifiers. It was a great performance from the Indian Girls. Thailand had the better ball possession and they also created more chances than India in this match. But India did the job at the 36th minute of the match. Manisha made a great run from the left flank of the field. She provided a beautiful cross towards Grace Lalrampari who committed no mistake to put it into the Goal. The lead in the first half of the match certainly boosted up the confidence level of the whole Indian side. Their Goalkeeper Archana was brilliant under the bars. The defensive unit of India were able to keep lead till the end of the match despite the flow of attacks of the host Nation. But it will be disheartening for the young Indian Girls as they have failed to qualify to the next round due to bad performance in one match against Nepal in this competition. Though their efforts in the field should be applauded by the football fans of India. Advertisementlast_img read more