Email LinkedIn People with lower self-esteem don’t feel good about presenting themselves authentically on the social networking website Facebook, according to new research published in Computers in Human Behavior.“Facebook is a rich site for research, enabling various forms of user engagement, but also considerable information exposure. Previous evidence in the social media literature indicates that Facebook is indeed a double-edged sword where engagement with the platform can positively or negatively influence users’ subjective well-being (SWB),” said Wonseok (Eric) Jang, an assistant professor at Texas Tech University and corresponding author of the study.“Studies have found that some forms of social support (e.g., the ‘Like’ button or supportive comments) from Facebook friends results in a greater degree of SWB, whereas other research has documented that when Facebook users adopt a comparative mindset, engagement with Facebook lowers SWB via feelings of envy,” Jang said. Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Pinterest Share “Due to these conflicting patterns, we were interested in examining whether the type of self-presentation strategy that users adopt on the platform influences what they get out of Facebook use, particularly if psychological rewards derived from engaging with the medium depend on one’s level of self-esteem.”The researchers examined two different ways that people can portray themselves on social networking websites: true self-presentation and strategic self-presentation. In the former, people provide an honest reflection of themselves and their life. In the latter, people selectively disclose only positive content to create a more favorable impression of themselves.In the study, 278 Facebook users were instructed to post content reflecting their true selves or strategic selves to Facebook before completing a scientific questionnaire.The researchers found that true self-presentation was associated with greater happiness after posting to Facebook only for high self-esteem users, not for low self-esteem users. Strategic self-presentation, on the other hand, made both high and low self-esteem users happy.“Our findings suggest that users with low self-esteem may use Facebook as an effective platform to enhance their sense of SWB by highlighting their most desirable characteristics,” Jang told PsyPost. “In general, low self-esteem individuals are reluctant to express their positive characteristics to others because they are not confident about their image and perceive themselves as less socially attractive than people with high self-esteem.”“In the context of Facebook, we found that people perceive the social media platform as a relatively safe environment because users can determine their friends and control what they share. The opportunities for embarrassment are thus reduced compared to in-person interactions, which are more unpredictable. Low self-esteem individuals may thus use Facebook as a platform to share aspect of themselves including their most desirable and positive characteristics to enhance their attractiveness and, in turn, heighten their SWB.”The study has some limitations.“It is not yet clear whether the gain in SWB we are seeing for low self-esteem users are enduring or disappear rapidly,” Jang explained. “Facebook users may enhance their level of SWB right after posting new messages or images but such benefits may decay over time, or even quite quickly.”“Future research should examine whether Facebook use has short- or long-term effects on users’ SWB and other positive outcomes. It would be especially interesting to examine whether such effects are determined by the type of self-presentation strategy (e.g., presenting a true self vs. presenting a strategic self) that users adopt while interacting with others.”“At this troubled time for Facebook and other social media platforms, we think investigating long-term outcomes from regular and consistent use of social media should be prioritized,” Jang added. “At present, there is still a limited understanding of whether the effects of Facebook use on user well-being are short-lived or enduring.”“Such insight could have important implications for broader public attitudes toward these growing avenues of social influence. Thus, scholars should incorporate longitudinal designs into their social media research and consider sustained influence on user psychology.”The study, “Self-esteem moderates the influence of self-presentation style on Facebook users’ sense of subjective well-being“, was authored by Wonseok (Eric) Jang, Erik Bucy, and Janice Cho.
Play SPACE: Just outside of NASA Headquarters near Houston, Texas, the McDonald’s has a spaceman on the roof peering down on patrons as they enter the building. This McDonald’s gives a new meaning to play space in the restaurant. Photo by Gary Warren/ladailypost.com
Judges could be given new powers to bring contempt proceedings against defendants under proposed redrafting of civil procedure rules.Consultation was opened yesterday by the Civil Procedure Rule Committee on possible amendments to Part 81, concerning the practices and procedures on contempt of court.The current rules have come under greater scrutiny, most notably during committal proceedings against former English Defence League leader Tommy Robinson in A-G v Yaxley-Lennon. Committee chair Lord Justice Coulson said a number of senior judges have commented on the unsatisfactory wording of Part 81 – including in the Yaxley-Lennon case – and the current provisions now appear unsatisfactory. Source: ShutterstockRobinson arrives for sentencing for contempt of court at the Old Bailey in LondonCoulson said the existing Part 81 is ‘not easy to operate’ and the committee proposes a uniform procedural code for use in all contempt proceedings.The most eye-catching change could be to allow the court to initiate its own contempt proceedings without any need for an application from a third party. Judges could be able to issue a summons to the defendant, requiring them to attend court for directions. The summons would indicate to the defendant whether the proceedings will be tried by the judge issuing it; judges would have a template to fill in and could instruct staff to help with drafting.The consultation notes: ‘While some may object that judges are already hard pressed enough, in many cases if the judge does not take the lead, serious contempts will go unpunished.’Power to commit individuals for contempt could also be extended to circuit judges, although the committee does not express a view on whether this extension might also include district judges and/or masters. Procedural rules currently limit the jurisdiction of those who are not salaried High Court judges.The consultation says guarantees of procedural fairness must be the ‘cornerstone’ of the new draft Part 81. This includes defendants having the right to be legally represented, being entitled to apply for legal aid and being given reasonable time to prepare and produce witness evidence. Punishment should be reduced if the defendant admits the contempt and wishes to apologise to the court.Other proposed rule changes include changing ‘applicant and respondent’ to ‘claimant and defendant’, listing and hearing all contempt hearings in public unless the court directs otherwise, advocates and the judge appearing robed in all contempt proceedings, and judgments being transcribed on the judiciary website.Coulson said the committee is agreed that current rules cause ‘frequent difficulties’ and must be simplified, shortened and strengthened. The consultation closes on 1 May.
Thibaut Courtois is currently with Belgium, preparing for the 2018 World Cup in Russia. The goalkeeper’s future at Chelsea still remains uncertain as he has one year left on his current deal at Stamford Bridge. Belgium publication Het Laatste Nieuws explain the Blues wanted to tie the former Atletico Madrid star to a new deal. The FA Cup winners were ready to offer Courtois a weekly salary of €220,000-a-week, which it’s stated would have made him the highest paid goalkeeper in the world.However, Courtois rejected the offer from the west London club in January. Instead, the Chelsea stopper wants to keep his options open and has set his sights on returning to La Liga this summer. Courtios’ two children are in Madrid and that is why he wants to move back there.Real Madrid were believed to be interested in signing Courtois, but he is not the only goalkeeping target for the Champions League winners. They have also identified AS Roma’s Alisson Becker as a target in the same position.The Belgium international even had a meeting with Paris Saint-Germain in London, something which has been repeated claimed by the French media. However, PSG have decided to sign Gianluigi Buffon on a free transfer, which has ended Courtois’ chances of moving to France.Liverpool were rumoured to be interested in the player, but HLN dismiss that. Chelsea have not yet given the “green light” to allow him to leave the club this summer and will only consider it there’s no renewal, and a club puts forward a ‘tempting proposal’.Otherwise, they’ll keep Courtois to his contract despite the risk of losing him on a free transfer.by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksTrending Today美術寶1對1再多名畫都比不上孩子的塗鴉；現在報名，見證小藝術家的誕生美術寶1對1UndoForge of Empires – Free Online GameIf You Like to Play, this Game is a Must-HaveForge of Empires – Free Online GameUndo聽多多 Hearmore.asia1969年前出生的香港居民現可免費試戴頂尖的歐洲助聽器聽多多 Hearmore.asiaUndoTheTopFiveVPNEnjoy Netflix Now Without Any RestrictionsTheTopFiveVPNUndoNutrition Explained7 Natural Pain Relief Remedies for Chronic PainNutrition ExplainedUndoL&C MagazineFeeling stuck? 15 Tips&Tricks to Improve YourselfL&C MagazineUndoVPN MentorHow To Watch NBC if You Are Outside The USVPN MentorUndoLifeStly.comThe greatest guitarists of all time, rankedLifeStly.comUndolivesmag.comTop 9 richest actors in the worldlivesmag.comUndo
Advertisement xiqNBA Finals | Brooklyn Vs5i4oWingsuit rodeo📽Sindre E80df8( IG: @_aubreyfisher @imraino ) 405oWould you ever consider trying this?😱q2olCan your students do this? 🌚4iiRoller skating! Powered by Firework “He will come back soon”, said Manchester City manager Pep Guardiola about Jose Mourinho after the latter was sacked by Manchester United on Tuesday.Advertisement The two managers had a passionate rivalry when they were opposite numbers at Barcelona and Real Madrid for three years and there were fears that ill feeling might be reignited when Mourinho was appointed United coach shortly after Guardiola was announced at City in 2016.Advertisement However, the pair’s rivalry has been far more friendly during their Premier League years and Guardiola says he hopes to come up against Mourinho again soon.“I am on his side,” Guardiola told a news conference. “As managers, we are alone. They [clubs] contact us to try to win and when you don’t win I know what happens.Advertisement “I always say I am in the position of the manager and I know exactly what they can feel and always I am there because we feel alone. All the pressure is on our shoulders.“But he has a lot of experience, he is a top man and he will come back soon and we are going to play again.” Advertisement
A WEEK-long social health survey of local residents will cost Cardinia Shire Council nearly $15,000. Council engaged Market Solutions to…[To read the rest of this story Subscribe or Login to the Gazette Access Pass] Thanks for reading the Pakenham Berwick Gazette. Subscribe or Login to read the rest of this content with the Gazette Digital Access Pass subscription.
By Mitchell Clarke Cara-Ann Simpson spent close to a year in hospital being unable to tolerate light or sound, she was completely bedridden…[To read the rest of this story Subscribe or Login to the Gazette Access Pass] Thanks for reading the Pakenham Berwick Gazette. Subscribe or Login to read the rest of this content with the Gazette Digital Access Pass subscription.
Local favourite Anirban Lahiri won a playoff against compatriot SSP Chawrasia to claim his second European Tour title in two weeks at the Indian Open on Sunday.Beginning a dramatic day seven shots behind overnight leader Chawrasia, Lahiri carded two-under 69 and benefited from his opponent’s meltdown to join him at seven under par and force the playoff.Chawrasia slumped to a 76 and watched helplessly as Lahiri denied him his third European Tour title by rolling in a 15-foot birdie to clinch the playoff. “It’s incredible – starting today I didn’t really think I had a chance,” Lahiri, who was four-over after his first 10 holes in the tournament, told reporters.”It was one of the toughest days ever that I’ve played golf at Delhi Golf Club and I’m really happy to have accomplished this: it’s a childhood dream,” said Lahiri who won his maiden European Tour title in Malaysia a fortnight ago.”There were about eight of us who could have pulled through so I feel really lucky and fortunate, and really happy,” added the 27-year-old, who could move to just outside the top 30 in the world rankings and looks certain to earn a US Masters invitation in April. Chawrasia began the day with a two-shot lead over holder Siddikur Rahman of Bangladesh who won the tournament two years ago before it was co-sanctioned by the European Tour.Sweden’s Joakim Lagergren, Thailand’s Prayad Marksaeng, Sri Lanka’s Mithun Perera and Australian Marcus Fraser finished on six under. Chawrasia dropped three shots in his opening four holes to hand the lead to Rahman but the Bangladeshi also wilted under pressure, returning 76 to finish five-under overall.advertisementLahiri climbed to second place in The Race to Dubai.”It’s hard to come to terms with,” he said.”Just six months back I was in Spain at Qualifying School and really relieved having stared at not having my card with five holes to go, so it feels like Ive skipped a couple of steps to get to where I am right now.”It’s obviously a fantastic feeling and hopefully I can keep playing well through the year.”