Consuming violent media linked to 13x surge in violent dreams

first_imgPinterest LinkedIn The violent and sexual media you consume during the day may infiltrate your dreams at night, new research suggests.People who reported consuming violent media within 90 minutes of bedtime were 13 times more likely to have a violent dream that night, the study found. Those viewing sexual media were six times more likely to have a sex-related dream.The study of more than 1,000 Turkish residents also found that the more violent media content they reported consuming on a regular basis, the more often they said they had violent dreams in general. Share Share on Facebookcenter_img Share on Twitter Email The same link was found between sexual media content and sexual dreams, although the connection wasn’t as strong.“The media we consume can have an impact on us even when we’re sleeping,” said Brad Bushman, co-author of the study and professor of communication and psychology at The Ohio State University.“We knew our violent and sexual media consumption had an impact on our waking lives. Now we have evidence of how it may influence our dreams.”The study is published online in the journal Dreaming. Bushman conducted the study with Jan Van den Bulck, a professor of communication studies at the University of Michigan; and Yakup Çetin of Fatih University and Ömer Terzi of Yildiz Technical University, both in Turkey.The study involved 1,287 people aged 10 to 60 who completed a survey about their media consumption and their dreams. About half the sample were students at schools in Istanbul. The remainder were adults recruited from social networking sites that discussed media.All participants were asked whether they had viewed any violent or sexual media content within 90 minutes of going to bed the night before the study, and whether they had any violent or sexual dreams that night.Slightly less than half of participants (45 percent) reported consuming violent media before bed that night, whereas slightly less than one-quarter reported exposure to sexual media content.Whether they had consumed violent or sexual media content was not associated with whether they dreamed that night, findings showed.But the fact that violent and sexual media use was related to a huge increase in related dreams showed the power media may have on our sleeping lives, Bushman said.“The magnitude of the increase in violent and sexual dreams linked to media consumption was surprising,” he said.The study also aimed to examine how overall media use was linked to dream content.Participants were asked the number of hours they spent consuming media (including TV, internet, DVDs, movies, video games and music) on any devices on weekdays and on weekends.Next, they were asked to rate whether the media they consumed contained violence and whether it contained sex on a scale of 1 (never) to 5 (always).They were then asked whether they dreamed and whether their dreams included violent content and sexual content. Again, they rated how often on a scale of 1 to 5.Overall, 67 percent of participants said they dreamed at least sometimes.More than 80 percent of participants said they were exposed to violent media content at least sometimes, whereas about half said they were exposed to sexual media content at least sometimes.About 80 percent of those surveyed said they had violent dreams sometimes, whereas slightly less than half said they had sexual dreams sometimes.The researchers found that overall media use was a significant predictor of more frequent dreaming, as was the frequency of exposure to violent media.So who had the most frequent violent dreams overall? Results showed that exposure to violent media was the stronger predictor, although people who reported more overall media exposure and more sexual media exposure also reported somewhat more violent dreams.As for sexual dreams, those who reported the most also tended to have consumed more sexual media. But the link between sexual media and sexual dreams wasn’t as strong as that between violent media and violent dreams.“Whether we looked at overall media use or media intake for just one day, the result was the same: The media we consume is linked to what we dream about,” Van den Bulck said.The results can’t reveal the direction of causality between dreams and media use, Bushman noted.“It is at least possible that people who have more violent or more sexual dreams are more likely to seek out that content during the day. Another possibility is that causality may go both ways, or that some other factor is related to both media consumption and dream content.“But I do believe that the most plausible explanation is that the media we consume influences our dreams,” Bushman said.Çetin said the results may be at least somewhat different for people in other countries, noting previous research has shown that media use and dream associations differ for people of varied cultural background.The results suggest one obvious recommendation for those who are troubled by their violent or sexual dreams, according to Bushman.“It would be good to avoid media with violent and sexual content, especially right before bed.”last_img read more

Howard, Sassman Named to NFCA Player of the Year Top 25

first_imgThe award will be cut down to 10 student-athletes on May 14, and the Player of the Year and Pitcher of the Year will be announced on May 30. Sassman has saved her best season for last, leading Division II with 8 triples and ranking in the top five in the Gulf South Conference in total bases (95; 3rd), batting (.432), slugging (.720; 4th), on-base percentage (.527; 5th), hits (57; 5th), RBIs (43; 5th), and doubles (13; 5th). FULL WATCHLIST Sassman and Howard are two of three players from the GSC to make the list, joined by Shelby Booker from Alabama Huntsville. Additionally, UWF and Winona State are the only schools with multiple student-athletes on the watchlist. The senior currently ranks seventh in UWF history with a .370 career batting average, fourth with a .604 career slugging percentage, sixth with 44 career doubles, second with 24 career triples, and first with 31 times hit by pitch. Her 24 triples also lead all active Division II softball players, rank second among active players at any NCAA level, and are the most in GSC history. The Lake Butler, Florida, native is a three-time GSC Freshman of the Week and has reached base in 40 of 45 games played this season. In all, Howard leads UWF with 23 multi-hit games this year, and she has had multiple hits in five of her last nine games. Teala Howard has been electric in her first season with the Blue and Green, and she ranks in the top 20 in the country in hits (68; 10th), batting (.459; 17th), and stolen bases (37; 15th). LOUISVILLE, Ky. – The National Fastpitch Coaches Association released its Top 25 Schutt Sports/NFCA Player and Pitcher of the Year Watchlist on Thursday, and senior Rhiannon Sassman and freshman Teala Howard each earned a spot on the list. #ARGOS#Print Friendly Versionlast_img read more

NBS/GCA rolls out eighth annual second division 40-over tournament

first_imgFor the eighth consecutive year, the Georgetown Cricket Association (GCA) will be organizing the New Building Society-sponsored second division 40-over tournament. The event was introduced with a simple launching at the company’s Avenue of the Republic, Georgetown branch yesterday with Chairman of the Board, Floyd McDonald.McDonald expressed the company’s satisfaction with the stewardship of the GCA and said that it is with the recognition of those at the helm of the association that NBS granted the request for the sponsorship.He revealed that the financial institution is also sponsoring a tournament of a similar nature in Berbice which is also set to begin once the weather is conducive to cricket. McDonald revealed that in the pipeline there is a clash between the two top teams in Berbice and Georgetown this year  in a T20 format to decide the true champion.McDonald said that this tournament is a testament to the company’s investment in not only sport, charity and education but its contribution to the development of lives.In addition, he said that it is here where the development begins which is then transferred to the country and region before reaching the international stage in the form of the West Indies team while acknowledging the perils of that unit. NBS has also decided to reward the media for their efforts of informing the public of the work done by the cricketers and sponsors with Stabroek Sport’s Romario Samaroo winning the prize for extensive coverage of the tournament during last season.President of the GCA, Roger Harper thanked the company for its confidence in the body to sponsor the tournament once again and informed the gathering that eight players that would have participated in the competition last year have gone on to represent West Indies at various levels. He also  recognized the contributions of  Chandrapaul Hemraj and Sherfane Rutherford who are both with the Guyana Amazon Warriors and participated in the competition.Harper, speaking on behalf of the teams said that they are “anxiously” looking forward to the competition. The former West Indies player also said that the tournament provides real opportunities for the players to showcase their talent and not only benefit players in Georgetown but across the country. Meanwhile Chairman of the Competitions Committee, Shaun Massiah detailed the tournament’s structure which is expected to begin on September 29. Massiah explained the tournament will be divided into two zones and will see teams earning 10 points for a win, five batting points for scoring over 200 runs and five bowling points for taking 10 wickets. He added that there will also be a mandatory 16 overs of seam as well as the implementation of free hit for all forms of no balls. Teams will also be playing in colored clothing and the semifinal along with the final will be played under lights.Zone A will feature Sophia, Demerara Cricket Club, Transport Sports Club, GNIC, Police Sports Club, Ace Warriors and last year’s runner up, Everest.Zone B will include defending champions, Georgetown Cricket Club (GCC), Muslim Youth Organisation, Gandhi Youth Organisation, Third Class, Diplomats, Guyana Defense Force, University of Guyana and Malteenoes. GCC have won the tournament on four occasions, winning the first three editions as well as last year where they defeated Everest by 162 runs.last_img read more