Share Email Pinterest Share on Facebook Religiosity is associated with lower levels of proneness to boredom, according to new research published in the scientific journal Emotion.“Studies show that boredom propels people to seek for activities that are more fulfilling; acts that offer a sense of purpose and meaning. It follows that activities or beliefs that people feel gives them a sense of purpose should help to prevent getting bored. Yet, surprisingly, this had never been tested,” said study author Wijnand A.P. Van Tilburg of King’s College London. “We looked at religiosity because religious people tend to describe their beliefs as offering them a sense of meaning in life. Besides that, religion is of course an incredibly widespread phenomenon worldwide and affects many people. So, we were interested if religiosity, a source of meaning in life for many, might prevent boredom.” Share on Twitter LinkedIn “The research had a secondary, more subtle, but nonetheless interesting purpose: If boredom normally makes people search for new purpose or meaning, then could it be that religiosity, through reducing boredom, indirectly prevents people from doing so?”Across three separate studies, with nearly 1,500 participants in total, the researchers found that religious people tended to feel less bored, which in turn was associated with a lower inclination to search for meaning compared to non-religious people. The participants included Christians, Agnostics, Atheists, Jews, Buddhists, Muslims, and Hindus.Non-religious people who were subjected to a mundane task — transcribing an excerpt about lawn mowing — tended to report higher levels of boredom. They were also more likely than religious people to say they wanted to do something of greater significance.“By reducing boredom, religiosity indirectly tempered the ‘quest’ for meaning,” van Tilburg told PsyPost. “To be clear: this does not mean that religious people do not search for meaning in their lives. Rather, the findings suggests that, counter-intuitively, religious people are less inclined to search for meaningful alternatives in situations where others would feel bored.”Religious people were more likely to perceive life as more meaningful to start with, which was in turn associated with less boredom. “The finding that a seemingly minor, everyday life, and mundane experience as boredom connects two variables of such existential and cultural significance as religiosity and meaning in life is, in our view, profound,” van Tilburg said.“The finding that boredom links these two variables showcases how relevant ‘mundane’ emotions are in people’s quests for making sense of their existence, simultaneously further grounding the psychology religiosity and meaning in ‘mundane’ life and revealing boredom as actor with a more significantly role than it is traditionally given.”But the study includes some caveats.“No single study or even series of studies can fully address complicated phenomena such as religiosity, meaning in life, and boredom. For example, people differ in the way they practice their religion: some may focus particularly on the social and community activities that come with it, whereas others may focus more on using religion as a guide through their lives,” van Tilburg explained.“In our research we have not yet made such important distinction. Could it be that the role of religiosity in reducing boredom depends on how people put their religion in practice? Furthermore, our studies focused mostly (though not exclusively) on Christians. Are there differences across religions? These are questions we have yet to find the answers to.”Previous research conducted by van Tilburg found a link between boredom and political extremism. “Throughout this and our other research we consistently find that boredom offers many surprises. It may seem like a mundane perhaps even trivial unpleasant experience but it turns out that it fulfills important psychological and social roles,” he added. “Boredom ‘wakes us up’ by stirring a desire for challenge and more meaningful activity. It propels people towards activities that they believe offer a sense of purpose and this can lead to a range of unexpected outcomes, including derogation of outsiders, retrieving self-soothing nostalgic memories, and turning to more extreme political views.”The study, “Bored like Hell: Religiosity reduces boredom and tempers the quest for meaning“, was authored by Wijnand A. P. van Tilburg, Eric R. Igou, Paul J. Maher, Andrew B. Moynihan, and Dawn G. Martin.
USDA issues alert over raw chicken tied to Salmonella illnessesThe US Department of Agriculture’s Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) and Empire Kosher Poultry, Inc. late last week issued a public health alert over Salmonella illnesses in several states that might be tied to raw chicken products.FSIS was notified of multiple Salmonella I 4,,12:i:- illnesses in northeastern and mid-Atlantic states on Jun 18. “Working in conjunction with public health partners, FSIS determined that there is a potential link between Empire Kosher brand raw chicken products and this illness cluster,” the agency said in a news release. “Based on available epidemiological information, multiple case-patients have been identified in the northeastern and mid-Atlantic United States, many of whom reported consumption of Empire Kosher brand chicken products.”The Empire Kosher brand raw chicken items include whole chicken and chicken parts that were produced and sold from September 2017 to June 2018. Officials issued the alert “out of an abundance of caution.” FSIS did not specify the number of cases, and Empire, of Mifflintown, Pa., has not recalled its products at this point.About half of affected patients have been hospitalized, and illness-onset dates range from September 2017 to June 2018. “FSIS continues to work with the company and public health partners and will provide updated information should it become available,” the agency said.The FSIS recommends cooking raw poultry to 165°F before eating it.Aug 24 FSIS news release Senate passes big spending bill with increased public health fundingLate last week the US Senate passed an $857-billion “minibus” package for the fiscal year beginning on Oct 1 that increases National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding by 5.4% ($2 billion) to $39.1 billion and includes historic amounts for the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and other departments.The bill, which also funds the departments of education, defense, and ;abor, is considered a bipartisan success, passing on a vote of 85-7, according to Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology (GEN) News. The House has until Sep 30 to pass the bill.The bill includes $550 million dedicated to the National Action Plan for Combating Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria (CARB), up $37 million from last year’s budget.The Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA) would get $562 million, up $25 million from last year, and $120 million would go toward funding research on a universal flu vaccine. That’s $20 million more than was designated in last year’s budget.According to a story published by Medpage Today, NIH Director Francis Collins, MD, PhD, said at a Senate hearing on the bill that the funds will allow for 1,100 new grants to first-time investigators through the Next Generation Researchers Initiative.Other proposals include $425 million for Alzheimer’s research and $190 million for cancer research. An additional $3.7 billion will go toward targeting the opioid abuse crisis, including increasing spending on mental health services, and funding research for the development of non-opioid painkillers. Aug 24 GEN News storyAug 24 Medpage Today story PAHO urges measles vaccination ramp-up in South AmericaWith an ongoing measles outbreak in Venezuela, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) urged member states to aggressively vaccinate against the disease.”It is vital that we continue vaccinating in order to reach more than 95% of our children everywhere,” said PAHO Director Carissa F. Etienne, MD, in a press release. “We must also strengthen national epidemiological surveillance and establish rapid response teams to expeditiously manage suspected cases, prevent new cases and halt outbreaks. These measures to sustain elimination were agreed to by Ministers of Health in 2017. These commitments must be renewed.”Endemic transmission of measles was reestablished in Venezuela in 2017. As of Aug 20 of this year, Venezuela confirmed 3,545 cases of measles, including 62 deaths.Although measles remains eliminated from all other PAHO countries, 10 countries in South America besides Venezuela have reported 1,459 confirmed cases of measles and 6 deaths since the outbreak in Venezuela began: Antigua and Barbuda (1 case), Argentina (8), Brazil (1,237, including 6 deaths), Canada (19), Colombia (60), Ecuador (17), Guatemala (1), Mexico (5), Peru (4), and the United States (107).In Brazil, most cases have been connected to the Venezuelan outbreak.The current outbreak in South America occurred just 1 year after World Health Organization Americas Region became the first in the world to obtain the measles elimination certification. Most countries in the region reported their last endemic cases more than 18 years ago, PAHO said. Aug 24 PAHO press release Aug 20 PAHO epidemiologic update
ISRAEL: National railway ISR has reconfigured three of its Bombardier Transportation double-deck coaches with a revised interior layout designed to provide a 20% increase in capacity per vehicle In order to accommodate more standing passengers, the seats and tables have been removed from the lower deck and replaced with the same number of longitudinal folding seats, along with grab rails and hanging handles. The upper deck remains unchanged. The three pilot coaches re-entered service on July 21, operating on the suburban route through Tel Aviv between Binyamina and Rehovot where studies have found the average journey time is 30 min. Passenger feedback is being sought, and if the conversion is deemed successful then more cars could be converted. · ISR is offering the oldest of its 46 Adtranz IC3 DMUs for sale as they are phased out of service.
Chelsea are reported to be battling with Arsenal for the signing of yet another player.This time Porto’s teenage striker Andre Silva is said to be a target for both clubs, who have been linked with several other players including Real Madrid’s Sami Khedira.The Sunday People say Silva, 19, wants move to England when his contract expires in the summer.AdChoices广告It is claimed that Arsenal boss Arsene Wenger is leading a race to sign him and that Chelsea manager Jose Mourinho has also registered an interest.Meanwhile, Real’s former Chelsea boss Carlo Ancelotti has played down reports that Khedira could move to Stamford Bridge or Arsenal in January.Khedira’s contract is due to expire at the end of the season and there has been speculation that he could be sold when the transfer window reopens.But the Spanish press quote Ancelotti as saying: “We still have until June to renew his contract.“I think the club intends to renew the deal and if he does not want to then he will remain here until to the end of season.”Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
Statistics provided by fantasy football game Oulala highlight just how much Oscar has flourished in his central midfield position for Chelsea this season.Boss Antonio Conte’s decision to move Oscar into the role has produced outstanding results. AdChoices广告The Blues have opened the new Premier League campaign with three wins and a draw from their opening four games and sit second in the table – and Oscar has been a key figure in their excellent start to the season.Oulala’s statisticians have looked back at Oscar’s previous four seasons in the Premier League and have compared his per-game figures in seven key areas to his numbers from the opening four games of the current season.When it comes to passing and creativity, Oscar is averaging more successful passes per game (39) this season than he has in any of his previous campaigns.He is also averaging more forward passes (28), more key passes (2.3) and is creating more chances (2.5).The 25-year-old’s work-rate has also improved, as highlighted by his defensive stats.He is making more successful tackles (2.8) and blocks (0.3) than in any other season and his average of 0.8 interceptions per game was only bettered in 2012/13. Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook See also:The stats show Hazard must be player of the monthChelsea snap up two highly-rated youngstersChelsea youngsters beaten by SwindonChelsea expect Terry to be out for 10 daysSwindon v Chelsea U23s player ratingsLiverpool’s Lovren passed fit to return for Chelsea game
Following reports that Nacer Chadli could leave West Brom for £17m after the Baggies’ relegation to the Championship, we were expecting a few rumours to surface. Even though the midfielder didn’t really have a chance to play last season due to numerous injuries, the versatile Belgian managed to earn spot in his country’s national team for the World Cup thanks to some good performances in the qualifiers.There’s no denying that an impressive tournament in Russia could do wonders for his future, but, for now, the West Brom player isn’t thinking about his club career.Speaking in a press conference, relayed by RTBF, he said: “I’m not talking about transfers for now. I’m focusing on preparation and I’m letting my agent work.”Embed from Getty ImagesHowever, Chadli did drop a hint he could look for a way to avoid playing in the Championship next season by mentioning a number of leagues he wouldn’t mind featuring in.He continued: “I like the English league, but those in Spain and Germany are good too.”So, La Liga, Bundesliga or a stay in the Premier League for Nacer Chadli. Noted.After all, you don’t talk just blurt out your favourite leagues in public if you intend on staying put.The 28-year-old featured just six times for West Brom last season, scoring one goal.by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksTrending TodayForge of Empires – Free Online GameIf You Like to Play, this City-Building Game is a Must Have.Forge of Empires – Free Online GameUndo聽多多 Hearmore.asia1969年前出生的香港居民現可免費試戴頂尖的歐洲助聽器聽多多 Hearmore.asiaUndoTheTopFiveVPNEnjoy Netflix Now Without Any RestrictionsTheTopFiveVPNUndoSingles50Hong Kong: A 40+ Dating Site That Actually Works!Singles50Undo美術寶1對1香港媽媽們注意了，速來領取適合4-12歲孩子的繪畫課，手慢無美術寶1對1UndoCoworking Space | Search AdsThe cost of shared office in Hong Kong might surprise youCoworking Space | Search AdsUndoLoans | Search AdsNeed a loan? Search hereLoans | Search AdsUndoSmart Tech TrendOver 55? You Have to Try Those Revolutionary Glasses!Smart Tech TrendUndo熱門話題生髮率無敵高！96%的禿頭都獲得改善！←這會不會長太多？熱門話題Undo