Pinterest LinkedIn The violent and sexual media you consume during the day may infiltrate your dreams at night, new research suggests.People who reported consuming violent media within 90 minutes of bedtime were 13 times more likely to have a violent dream that night, the study found. Those viewing sexual media were six times more likely to have a sex-related dream.The study of more than 1,000 Turkish residents also found that the more violent media content they reported consuming on a regular basis, the more often they said they had violent dreams in general. Share Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Email The same link was found between sexual media content and sexual dreams, although the connection wasn’t as strong.“The media we consume can have an impact on us even when we’re sleeping,” said Brad Bushman, co-author of the study and professor of communication and psychology at The Ohio State University.“We knew our violent and sexual media consumption had an impact on our waking lives. Now we have evidence of how it may influence our dreams.”The study is published online in the journal Dreaming. Bushman conducted the study with Jan Van den Bulck, a professor of communication studies at the University of Michigan; and Yakup Çetin of Fatih University and Ömer Terzi of Yildiz Technical University, both in Turkey.The study involved 1,287 people aged 10 to 60 who completed a survey about their media consumption and their dreams. About half the sample were students at schools in Istanbul. The remainder were adults recruited from social networking sites that discussed media.All participants were asked whether they had viewed any violent or sexual media content within 90 minutes of going to bed the night before the study, and whether they had any violent or sexual dreams that night.Slightly less than half of participants (45 percent) reported consuming violent media before bed that night, whereas slightly less than one-quarter reported exposure to sexual media content.Whether they had consumed violent or sexual media content was not associated with whether they dreamed that night, findings showed.But the fact that violent and sexual media use was related to a huge increase in related dreams showed the power media may have on our sleeping lives, Bushman said.“The magnitude of the increase in violent and sexual dreams linked to media consumption was surprising,” he said.The study also aimed to examine how overall media use was linked to dream content.Participants were asked the number of hours they spent consuming media (including TV, internet, DVDs, movies, video games and music) on any devices on weekdays and on weekends.Next, they were asked to rate whether the media they consumed contained violence and whether it contained sex on a scale of 1 (never) to 5 (always).They were then asked whether they dreamed and whether their dreams included violent content and sexual content. Again, they rated how often on a scale of 1 to 5.Overall, 67 percent of participants said they dreamed at least sometimes.More than 80 percent of participants said they were exposed to violent media content at least sometimes, whereas about half said they were exposed to sexual media content at least sometimes.About 80 percent of those surveyed said they had violent dreams sometimes, whereas slightly less than half said they had sexual dreams sometimes.The researchers found that overall media use was a significant predictor of more frequent dreaming, as was the frequency of exposure to violent media.So who had the most frequent violent dreams overall? Results showed that exposure to violent media was the stronger predictor, although people who reported more overall media exposure and more sexual media exposure also reported somewhat more violent dreams.As for sexual dreams, those who reported the most also tended to have consumed more sexual media. But the link between sexual media and sexual dreams wasn’t as strong as that between violent media and violent dreams.“Whether we looked at overall media use or media intake for just one day, the result was the same: The media we consume is linked to what we dream about,” Van den Bulck said.The results can’t reveal the direction of causality between dreams and media use, Bushman noted.“It is at least possible that people who have more violent or more sexual dreams are more likely to seek out that content during the day. Another possibility is that causality may go both ways, or that some other factor is related to both media consumption and dream content.“But I do believe that the most plausible explanation is that the media we consume influences our dreams,” Bushman said.Çetin said the results may be at least somewhat different for people in other countries, noting previous research has shown that media use and dream associations differ for people of varied cultural background.The results suggest one obvious recommendation for those who are troubled by their violent or sexual dreams, according to Bushman.“It would be good to avoid media with violent and sexual content, especially right before bed.”
UWP’s Deputy Political Leader, Claudius SanfordDeputy leady of the United Workers Party Claudius Sanford has called for discussion among political leaders in Dominica. Mr Sanford, who addressed the UWP’s 25th anniversary celebration in Londonderry on Sunday, 29th September, said debates among party leaders should be encouraged. “There must be debates among our leaders, are you ready for the debate? There must be an opportunity for the youth to hear their leaders and make an independent decision, it is about their life and their future, there must be conversations and we will lead the conversations”.He noted that discussion on the decriminalization of marijuana in Dominica as too many young people are being imprisoned as a result of the illegal drug.“There must be conversations such as the decriminalization of marijuana; too many of our youth go to jail while honourable get away”.He further called for discussion regarding the modification of the country’s financial system.“There must be conversation about making our academic qualification an asset, young people should be able to present to financial institutions in Dominica their academic certificate and match that with some start-up capital for small business”.He told supporters that the issue of the construction of an international airport for Dominica remains a priority for the UWP.“We in the UWP continue to place the international airport on the front burner, we in the Kalinago Territory will benefit from an international airport so we support an international airport,” Mr Sanford stated. He also promised his constituents that a UWP government will make the Kalinago Development Corporation a reality if it his successful at the polls. Dominica Vibes News Sharing is caring! Share LocalNews UWP deputy leader calls for political debates by: – September 30, 2013 Tweet Share Share 124 Views no discussions
CSKA congratulates the 75th birthday of the legendary player and coach of the team Dimitar Penev.Here is what the “red” club wrote on the official website:“Army men,today one of the greatest legends of CSKA and Bulgarian football – Dimitar Penev, celebrates his 75th birthday.He wore the red team between 1964 and 1977, recording 329 games and 24 goals. As a football player of CSKA Penev won 7 titles in Bulgaria and 5 times triumphed with the Cup of the Soviet Army, and as a coach of the team he led the army to 3 championship titles and 4 cups.For the national team of Bulgaria Dimitar Penev played 90 games and scored 2 goals. He participated in the World Championships in 1966, 1970, 1974. As a coach of the team he led our country to the fourth place at the World Cup in 1994 in the USA, and also led the team in the first ranking of Bulgaria in the European finals in 1996. He was named Bulgaria’s number one coach of the 20th century. He was awarded the Order of Stara Planina – first degree. In 2016 he was named honorary president of CSKA.We wish Dimitar Penev good health, happiness and longevity! ”
PSC Golf from The Growling SwanMonday, August 22, Mt. Shadow – StablefordWell we cater for the big crowds and we cater for the small crowds, only 10 golfers today but it makes no difference to us as it is all the same and the competition is still strong!Maurice Roberts (left) with Alan Sanders.Playing from the blue tees the scores were not quite up to standard and having the fairways mowed but the clippings being left made it a little difficult to find ones ball. Many players complained that lost balls appeared to be the order of the day – the next group to play Mt. Shadow will benefit with balls being offered up for sale. A good course to play but I think that they are going to find it difficult to compete with some of the better courses offering super prices. I think that they need to pull their socks up and start looking as to what is being offered.Glenn Henriksen.On a day when the scorers were never in danger, Glenn Henriksen (on the eve of departing) took the honors from The Colonel (Alan Sanders), making sure that the podium is the place to stand on his first outing this trip.1st Glenn Henriksen (11) 33pts2nd Alan Sanders (24) 32pts3rd Alex Field (17) 31ptsNear Pins: Ebrahim (5), Glenn Henriksen (7), Martin Todd (15), Martin Todd (17)Thursday, August 25, Pattavia – Monthly MugTwenty nine punters gathered in Soi Chaiyapoon eager to take advantage of the great offer put on by Pattavia G.C.To say the day was warm was an understatement, little or no breeze made it even more uncomfortable. The course was in good nick, with the greens playing the way they normally do but I must admit they are starting to look tired and sometimes playing that way.Playing from the white tees we played two divisions and being monthly mug day we were playing stroke (this sorting the men from the boys).A Flight gave us our mug winner, Maurice Roberts, with a very tidy net 67. Second in that division was Mike Johns while Denis Steele and ‘The Coach’ Mike Gosden filled the other spots.B Flight saw Alan ‘The Colonel’ Sanders with a good score of net 68 to give him 1st place and only 1 shot away from The Monthly Mug. Second in the flight was Rona Carungay, who is playing some good golf at the moment, with Andrew Allen and Bernie McCart filling 3rd & 4th.A Grade (0–17)1st Maurice Roberts (15) net 672nd Mike Johns (14) net 693rd Denis Steele (12) net 704th Mike Gosden (17) net 71B Grade (18+)1st Alan Sanders (24) net 682nd Rona Carungay (23) net 703rd Andrew Allen (29) net 744th Bernie McCart (31) net 77Near Pins: 4th Steve Younger, 7th Mike Johns, 13th Maurice Roberts, 17th Sal BrizziLong Putts: 9th Mike Johns, 18th Gerri Crilly.Note: The GS is a friendly golf outlet and caters for and encourages all golfers male and female to have a hit at any of our weekly outings. We generally play Mondays and Thursdays at one of the many fine golf courses in and around Pattaya. Please contact Peter Grey if you are interested on 0861 503086.The Growling Swan also caters to the bowls enthusiasts. Bus transport departs the GS on Sundays at 10 AM to play at The Retreat. The cost including return bus transport, bowling fees and a hot lunch is less than 400 baht so great value for a day out.