Email LinkedIn People with lower self-esteem don’t feel good about presenting themselves authentically on the social networking website Facebook, according to new research published in Computers in Human Behavior.“Facebook is a rich site for research, enabling various forms of user engagement, but also considerable information exposure. Previous evidence in the social media literature indicates that Facebook is indeed a double-edged sword where engagement with the platform can positively or negatively influence users’ subjective well-being (SWB),” said Wonseok (Eric) Jang, an assistant professor at Texas Tech University and corresponding author of the study.“Studies have found that some forms of social support (e.g., the ‘Like’ button or supportive comments) from Facebook friends results in a greater degree of SWB, whereas other research has documented that when Facebook users adopt a comparative mindset, engagement with Facebook lowers SWB via feelings of envy,” Jang said. Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Pinterest Share “Due to these conflicting patterns, we were interested in examining whether the type of self-presentation strategy that users adopt on the platform influences what they get out of Facebook use, particularly if psychological rewards derived from engaging with the medium depend on one’s level of self-esteem.”The researchers examined two different ways that people can portray themselves on social networking websites: true self-presentation and strategic self-presentation. In the former, people provide an honest reflection of themselves and their life. In the latter, people selectively disclose only positive content to create a more favorable impression of themselves.In the study, 278 Facebook users were instructed to post content reflecting their true selves or strategic selves to Facebook before completing a scientific questionnaire.The researchers found that true self-presentation was associated with greater happiness after posting to Facebook only for high self-esteem users, not for low self-esteem users. Strategic self-presentation, on the other hand, made both high and low self-esteem users happy.“Our findings suggest that users with low self-esteem may use Facebook as an effective platform to enhance their sense of SWB by highlighting their most desirable characteristics,” Jang told PsyPost. “In general, low self-esteem individuals are reluctant to express their positive characteristics to others because they are not confident about their image and perceive themselves as less socially attractive than people with high self-esteem.”“In the context of Facebook, we found that people perceive the social media platform as a relatively safe environment because users can determine their friends and control what they share. The opportunities for embarrassment are thus reduced compared to in-person interactions, which are more unpredictable. Low self-esteem individuals may thus use Facebook as a platform to share aspect of themselves including their most desirable and positive characteristics to enhance their attractiveness and, in turn, heighten their SWB.”The study has some limitations.“It is not yet clear whether the gain in SWB we are seeing for low self-esteem users are enduring or disappear rapidly,” Jang explained. “Facebook users may enhance their level of SWB right after posting new messages or images but such benefits may decay over time, or even quite quickly.”“Future research should examine whether Facebook use has short- or long-term effects on users’ SWB and other positive outcomes. It would be especially interesting to examine whether such effects are determined by the type of self-presentation strategy (e.g., presenting a true self vs. presenting a strategic self) that users adopt while interacting with others.”“At this troubled time for Facebook and other social media platforms, we think investigating long-term outcomes from regular and consistent use of social media should be prioritized,” Jang added. “At present, there is still a limited understanding of whether the effects of Facebook use on user well-being are short-lived or enduring.”“Such insight could have important implications for broader public attitudes toward these growing avenues of social influence. Thus, scholars should incorporate longitudinal designs into their social media research and consider sustained influence on user psychology.”The study, “Self-esteem moderates the influence of self-presentation style on Facebook users’ sense of subjective well-being“, was authored by Wonseok (Eric) Jang, Erik Bucy, and Janice Cho.
Sharing is caring! NewsRegional Trinidad and Tobago has highest cancer mortality rate in the Caribbean by: – November 6, 2013 Share 20 Views no discussions Share WASHINGTON (CMC) – Trinidad and Tobago is among three countries with the highest cancer mortality rates in the Americas, according to a new report released by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), Regional Office for the Americas of the World Health Organization (WHO).The report released earlier this week at the 5th International Cancer Control Congress in Peru, showed that while deaths from cancer were decreasing in some countries of the Americas for certain kinds of cancers, deaths from other cancers were on the rise.Overall, cancer is holding steady as the second-leading cause of death in the Americas, claiming an estimated 1.3 million lives each year, according to Cancer in the report titled “Americas: Country Profiles, 2013”.The PAHO/WHO report shows that Latin America and the Caribbean account for approximately 50 per cent of cancer deaths in the Americas, although they account for 63 per cent of the hemisphere’s population.The highest cancer mortality rates in the region are found in Trinidad and Tobago, Cuba and Argentina, based on data provided to PAHO/WHO by its member countries. Mexico, Nicaragua and El Salvador have the lowest cancer mortality rates. Cancer deaths overall are declining in nine countries namely, Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Mexico, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Venezuela and the United States.Cancer mortality rates vary for men and women as well as across countries. In Latin American and Caribbean men, the majority of cancer deaths are due to prostate cancer, followed by lung, stomach and colorectal cancers; and in women, breast cancer, followed by stomach, lung, cervical and colorectal cancers.“The large number of deaths from breast and cervical cancer in Latin America and the Caribbean is very disconcerting, since cervical cancer is largely preventable, and breast cancer can be detected early and treated successfully,’’ said Silvana Luciani, PAHO/WHO advisor on cancer prevention and control.“This points to the need to improve screening and treatment, especially for women in rural and remote areas, where access to health services is especially limited,” she added.The report notes that while breast cancer is the leading cancer cause of death for women in the Americas in most of the region’s countries, prostate cancer is the leading cancer cause of death for men.The report found that obesity, another important cancer risk factor, is highest in English-speaking Caribbean countries, notably Bahamas, Belize, St. Kitts and Nevis and Trinidad and Tobago.The report is based on recent data compiled by PAHO/WHO about cancer mortality, risk factors, and cancer policies and services in the countries of North, South and Central America and the Caribbean.For each country, data are presented for leading cancer types (ranked by mortality); trends in cancer deaths from 2000 to 2010; main cancer risk factors (tobacco, alcohol, diet, physical inactivity, obesity); key socio-demographic factors; and health sector plans, policies and services for cancer.“The idea is to provide key information that can help countries monitor progress in cancer control and assess areas of need, “said Luciani, adding “this report contributes significantly to the evidence base for cancer policymaking and health care.”The report is part of PAHO/WHO’s efforts to support member countries as they address the growing epidemic of non-communicable diseases (NCDs).Caribbean Media Corporation Tweet Share
InternationalLocalMoneyNewsRegional World Bank report says Caribbean and Latin America should spend better not more by: – April 7, 2017 Sharing is caring! Spending better and not necessarily more can dramatically improve the infrastructure in Latin America and the Caribbean a new World Bank report released Friday April 7, 2017 in Washington said. The report, ‘Rethinking Infrastructure in Latin America and the Caribbean – Spending Better to Achieve More’ claims that although the region trails others in infrastructure investment, it should focus on spending better before thinking of spending more. While Latin America and the Caribbean spends 3 percent of GDP on average – compared to 7.7 percent in East Asia and Pacific for instance – many countries spend more than 4 percent.“Infrastructure investment can be a powerful engine for growth in Latin America and the Caribbean as the region emerges from six years of slowdown, including two of recession,” said Jorge Familiar, World Bank Vice President for Latin America and the Caribbean. “In today’s tight fiscal context, it is essential that investments are as efficient as possible, and that the full potential of the private sector be tapped.”The report supports addressing “service gaps,” according to countries’ development priorities which means putting in place efficient ways of addressing these needs, and developing clear rules for deciding when taxpayers should finance services, instead of users rather than focusing on often poorly defined financing gaps. The article on the World Bank’s website discusses further under the sub-heading “Priorities and efficiency” saying improved performance in a constrained fiscal environment with require well-defined priorities. The report singles out sanitation and transport, in which LAC lags behind other middle-income regions, as potential focus areas. In addition, the region should also factor concerns such as climate change, urbanization and its changing socioeconomic profile, in particular a larger middle class, which are changing infrastructure service demands –especially on energy and transport, the WB article said. “Latin America and the Caribbean has long been an innovator in infrastructure,” said Marianne Fay, Chief Economist for the World Bank’s Sustainable Development Vice-Presidency, and one of the authors of the report. “With its expertise in sophisticated regulations and its experience with public-private partnerships, the region has the means to improve its infrastructure services by spending better and on the right things,” Fay added.Enormous benefits should arise from spending more efficiently, the article continues. In the case of the energy sector, where transmission and distribution losses are high, LAC would need $23 billion per year if it were to follow the same investment path of the past. Costs would at least halve under an approach that favors efficiency, climate resiliency and renewable energy solutions.According to the report, many of the causes for inefficient infrastructure investment have roots beyond the sector, including lack of institutional capacity for planning, regulatory uncertainty, and budgeting and implementation issues in many countries. Inefficient procurement processes, for instance, contribute to excess costs.Adequate pricing for infrastructure services is another important potential area for increased efficiency. The report argues that pricing should go beyond simple cost recovery and take into account issues like social acceptability, quality, equity and attraction of commercial financing. In order to preserve tax-payers money, the report says that public and concessional resources should only be deployed where commercial financing is not viable or cost-effective.Finally, the report concludes that allowing infrastructure operators to diversify their revenue can contribute to easing the fiscal cost. Water treatment plants, for instance, can generate electricity for self-consumption and even sale, and sanitized sludge can be sold as fertilizer, instead of having to be disposed at high cost in sanitary landfills, options not currently available. Share Share Tweet Share 70 Views no discussions
Dikutip KabarPenumpang.com dari brandinsider.straitstimes.com (17/10/2017), berikut ini adalah fakta dan mitos seputar teknologi mobil otonom.1. Kendaraan yang bisa menyetir sendiriIstilah otomom sendiri menyiratkan bahwa kendaraan bisa mengemudi sendiri dan ini hanya sebagian dari yang benar. Sebab ada lima tingkatan dalam otomom seperti yang ditentukan oleh Society of Automotive Engineers.The Audi A8 comes with a whole array of sensors for short-range, mid-range and long-range detection (Audi)Sebagian besar mobil yang diproduksi saat ini memiliki level 1 atau bahkan tingkat otonom di level 2. Fitur cruise control adaptif atau bantuan parkir tersedia pada model Audi A8. Kemudi juga masih dipegang oleh manusia yang juga terus memantau situasi jalan. Audi A8 baru diperkenalkan dengan kemampuan penggerak otonom di level 3. Artinya masih otomom bersyarat, dimana pengemudi sebenarnya dapat dengan aman mengalihkan perhatiannya dari kemudi untuk berkonsentrasi pada hal lain saat kondisi memungkinkan.Inovasi terbaru yang hadir pada Audi A8 ini yakni kemudi Audi AI (Artifical Intelligent) saat macet. Hal ini memungkinkan mobil bisa mengemudi dalam kondisi lalu lintas bergerak lambat hingga 60 km per jam di jalan raya dan Undang-undang setempat sudah mengizinkan. Tetapi jika kecepatan sudah sampai batas maksimum, pengemudi akan diminta untuk mengambil alih kembali kemudi.2. Mobil otonom membuat tak nyaman, apalagi tanpa pengemudi manusiaIni pasti sangat mengejutkan, apalagi masih banyak yang memilih masuk mobil dengan adanya pengemudi manusia. Tapi mungkin menaiki mobil tanpa pengemudi manusia akan lebih nyaman. Sebab dari data statistik data.gov.sg, sekitar 94 persen dari 6.888 kecelakaan lalu lintas tahun 2016 disebabkan oleh kesalahan manusia.Baca juga: Konsep Audi City Bus, Inikah Gambaran Bus Masa Depan?Audi memperkenalkan otomom di level 3 sebenarnya untuk membantu menurunkan angka kecelakaan tersebut. Dilengkapi dengan 12 sensor ultrasonik lengkap dengan informasi jarak dekat, empat sensor radar mid range dan radar jarak jauh di depan. Audi A8 yang baru ini adalah kumpulan kedua sensor ‘mata dan telinga,’ dimana empat kamera 360 derajat memastikan bahwa tidak ada detail yang terlewatkan. Kecerdasan ini untuk menentukan apakah kondisi jalan cukup aman untuk dikendarai.3. Mobil dikendarai manusia atau tidak, bisa saja tak bantu masalah lalu lintasSebenarnya masalah kemacetan lalu lintas, bisa saja karena diri sendiri. Tahun 2008, sebuah percobaan yang dilakukan oleh Society of Traffic Flow di University of Nagoya menunjukkan bahwa kemacetan lalu lintas tak bisa dihindari saat pengemudi manusia berjalan bersamaan.Namun, di masa depan, kemacetan lalu lintas seharusnya dihilangkan karena kendaraan otonom menjadi semakin umum. Berkaitan satu sama lain melalui Internet, kendaraan otonom akan dapat dengan mudah mengalihkan rute mereka sendiri jika terjadi halangan atau kemacetan yang tak terduga.4. Bisa gunakan mobil tanpa pengemudiKendaraan otonom digadang-gadang seperti obat untuk masalah yang terkait transportasi, tetapi Undang-undang belum sepenuhnya jelas terkait kendaraan ini. Kedepannya Audi akan hadir denga otonom di level 4, yakni Audi Elaine yang mampu mengubah jalur dan mengarahkan sendiri secara mandiri. Elaine juga mampu mendeteksi celah lalu lintas di pinggir jalan untuk memarkir mobilnya sendiri, mengarah ke tempat cucian mobil, pompa bensin atau bahkan ke tujuan lainnya.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Like this:Like Loading… RelatedAudi Pasang Banyak “Mata” Untuk Sistem Auto Pilot di Armada Anyarnya18/09/2017In “Darat”Nuro, Mobil Otonom Pengantar Pizza Hadir Akhir Tahun di Houston21/07/2019In “Basis Aplikasi”Airbus dan Audi Kolaborasi di Konsep “Pop.Up Next,” Konvergensi Kendaraan Darat dan Udara09/03/2018In “Darat” Hands-free driving with the Audi AI Traffic Jam Pilot (Audi) Hadirnya teknologi mobil otonom atau self driving cars memang membawa perubahan besar dalam paradigma di masyarakat. Dengan label ‘otonom’ pikiran publik kadang dibuat menerawang kecanggihan mobil otonom yang kerap duperlihatkan di film-fim fiksi. Tak ada yang salah memang, karena pada dasarnya arah perkembangan teknologi otomotif akan mengarah kesana juga.Baca juga: Audi Pasang Banyak “Mata” Untuk Sistem Auto Pilot di Armada AnyarnyaNamun, faktanya adopsi teknologi pada mobil otonom masih mengalami keterbatasan pada fase-fase urutan pencapaiannya. Seperti yang terbaru, Audi, merek otomotif mewah asal Jerman belum lama ini merilis Audi A8, dimana mobil otonom ini punya kemampuan otonom di level 3. Dengan imbuhan level pada seri terbaru Audi tersebut menyiratkan suatu tahapan kemajuan inovasi. Namun disisi lain, masih banyak warganet yang bingung dengan kebenaran tentang fitur di mobil otonom.
6.Smt. Sushma Swaraj(Posthumous)Public AffairsDelhi New Delhi: Celebrated boxer MC Mary Kom will be conferred with the Padma Vibhushan, the country’s second highest civilian award, while world champion shuttler P V Sindhu will get the Padma Bhushan among eight sportspersons named for the prestigious honours on Saturday.The names of the awardees were announced by the government on the eve of the country’s 71st Republic Day.The 36-year-old Mary Kom, also a Rajya Sabha Member of Parliament, won a bronze medal at the 2012 London Olympics while also being crowned as world champion six times in an illustrious career.She is one of seven eminent personalities to be awarded the Padma Vibhushan this year.The Manipuri boxer, who was conferred with the Padma Bhushan in 2013 and Padma Shri in 2006, is only the fourth sportsperson in the country to be given the Padma Vibhushan after chess wizard Viswanathan Anand, mountaineer Edmund Hillary and cricket icon Sachin Tendulkar who all got the coveted award in 2008.Tendulkar was later conferred with the Bharat Ratna, the country’s highest civilian award, in 2014.The 24-year-old Sindhu is among 16 persons named for the Padma Bhushan, the country’s third highest civilian award. She is a silver medallist at the 2016 Rio Olympics and is the only Indian world champion in badminton.Sindhu has also won four other World Championships medals — 2 silver and 2 bronze — besides the gold she won last year. She won the Padma Shri in 2015.Cricketer Zaheer Khan, current Indian women’s hockey team captain Rani Rampal, former men’s hockey skipper M P Ganesh, ace shooter Jitu Rai, former Indian women’s football team captain Oinam Bembem Devi and archer Tarundeep Rai were among the six other sportspersons who figured in the list of the 118 Padma Shri awardees.The 41-year-old Zaheer is one of the country’s finest fast bowlers and is only behind the legendary Kapil Dev in terms of wickets among Indian pacers in the traditional Test format. He also won the 2011 World Cup with the Indian team.The 25-year-old Rani Rampal has played more than 200 matches for India and she recently helped the country secure a Tokyo Olympics berth by beating the United States in the qualification match.Padma VibhushanSNNameFieldState/Country 2.Shri Arun Jaitley(Posthumous)Public AffairsDelhi For all the Latest Sports News News, Other Sports News, Download News Nation Android and iOS Mobile Apps. Padma ShriSNNameFieldState/Country24.Guru Shashadhar AcharyaArtJharkhand25.Dr. Yogi AeronMedicineUttarakhand26.Shri Jai Prakash AgarwalTrade and IndustryDelhi27.Shri Jagdish Lal AhujaSocial WorkPunjab28.Kazi Masum AkhtarLiterature and EducationWest Bengal29.Ms. Gloria ArieiraLiterature and EducationBrazil30.Khan Zaheerkhan BakhtiyarkhanSportsMaharashtra31.Dr. Padmavathy BandopadhyayMedicineUttar Pradesh32.Dr. Sushovan BanerjeeMedicineWest Bengal33.Dr. Digambar BeheraMedicineChandigarh34.Dr. Damayanti BeshraLiterature and EducationOdisha35.Shri Pawar Popatrao BhagujiSocial WorkMaharashtra36.Shri Himmata Ram BhambhuSocial WorkRajasthan37.Shri Sanjeev BikhchandaniTrade and IndustryUttar Pradesh38.Shri Gafurbhai M. BilakhiaTrade and IndustryGujarat39.Shri Bob BlackmanPublic AffairsUnited Kingdom40.Ms. Indira P. P. BoraArtAssam41.Shri Madan Singh ChauhanArtChhattisgarh42.Ms. Usha ChaumarSocial WorkRajasthan43.Shri Lil Bahadur ChettriLiterature and EducationAssam44.Ms. Lalitha & Ms. SarojaChidambaram (Duo)*ArtTamil Nadu45.Dr. Vajira ChitrasenaArtSri Lanka46.Dr. Purushottam DadheechArtMadhya Pradesh47.Shri Utsav Charan DasArtOdisha48.Prof. Indra Dassanayake(Posthumous)Literature and EducationSri Lanka49.Shri H. M. DesaiLiterature and EducationGujarat50.Shri Manohar DevadossArtTamil Nadu51.Ms. Oinam Bembem DeviSportsManipur52.Ms. Lia DiskinSocial WorkBrazil53.Shri M. P. GaneshSportsKarnataka54.Dr. Bangalore GangadharMedicineKarnataka55.Dr. Raman GangakhedkarScience and EngineeringMaharashtra56.Shri Barry GardinerPublic AffairsUnited Kingdom57.Shri Chewang Motup GobaTrade and IndustryLadakh58.Shri Bharat GoenkaTrade and IndustryKarnataka59.Shri Yadla GopalaraoArtAndhra Pradesh60.Shri Mitrabhanu GountiaArtOdisha61.Ms. Tulasi GowdaSocial WorkKarnataka62.Shri Sujoy K. GuhaScience and EngineeringBihar63.Ms. Harekala HajabbaSocial WorkKarnataka64.Shri Enamul HaqueOthers-ArchaeologyBangladesh65.Shri Madhu Mansuri HasmukhArtJharkhand66.Shri Abdul Jabbar(Posthumous)Social WorkMadhya Pradesh67.Shri Bimal Kumar JainSocial WorkBihar68.Ms. Meenakshi JainLiterature and EducationDelhi69.Shri Nemnath JainTrade and IndustryMadhya Pradesh70.Ms. Shanti JainArtBihar71.Shri Sudhir JainScience and EngineeringGujarat72.Shri Benichandra JamatiaLiterature and EducationTripura73.Shri K. V. Sampath Kumar & Ms. Vidushi Jayalakshmi K.S.(Duo)*Literature and Education-JournalismKarnataka74.Shri Karan JoharArtMaharashtra75.Dr. Leela JoshiMedicineMadhya Pradesh76.Ms. Sarita JoshiArtMaharashtra77.Shri C. KamlovaLiterature and EducationMizoram78.Dr. Ravi Kannan R.MedicineAssam79.Ms. Ekta KapoorArtMaharashtra80.Shri Yazdi Naoshirwan KaranjiaArtGujarat81.Shri Narayan J. Joshi KarayalLiterature and EducationGujarat82.Dr. Narindar Nath KhannaMedicineUttar Pradesh83.Shri Naveen KhannaScience and EngineeringDelhi84.Shri S. P. KothariLiterature and EducationUSA85.Shri V. K. MunusamyKrishnapaktharArtPuducherry86.Shri M. K. KunjolSocial WorkKerala87.Shri Manmohan Mahapatra(Posthumous)ArtOdisha88.Ustad Anwar Khan MangniyarArtRajasthan89.Shri Kattungal SubramaniamManilalScience and EngineeringKerala90.Shri Munna MasterArtRajasthan91.Prof. Abhiraj Rajendra MishraLiterature and EducationHimachal Pradesh92.Ms. Binapani MohantyLiterature and EducationOdisha93.Dr. Arunoday MondalMedicineWest Bengal94.Dr. Prithwindra MukherjeeLiterature and EducationFrance95.Shri Sathyanarayan MundayoorSocial WorkArunachal Pradesh96.Shri Manilal NagArtWest Bengal97.Shri N. Chandrasekharan NairLiterature and EducationKerala98.Dr. Tetsu Nakamura(Posthumous)Social WorkAfghanistan99.Shri Shiv Datt NirmohiLiterature and EducationJammu andKashmir100.Shri Pu Lalbiakthanga PachuauLiterature andEducation-JournalismMizoram101.Ms. Moozhikkal PankajakshiArtKerala102.Dr. Prasanta Kumar PattanaikLiterature and EducationUSA103.Shri Jogendra Nath PhukanLiterature and EducationAssam104.Ms. Rahibai Soma PopereOthers-AgricultureMaharashtra105.Shri Yogesh PraveenLiterature and EducationUttar Pradesh106.Shri Jitu RaiSportsUttar Pradesh107.Shri Tarundeep RaiSportsSikkim108.Shri S. RamakrishnanSocial WorkTamil Nadu109.Ms. Rani RampalSportsHaryana110.Ms. Kangana RanautArtMaharashtra111.Shri Dalavai Chalapathi RaoArtAndhra Pradesh112.Shri Shahbuddin RathodLiterature and EducationGujarat113.Shri Kalyan Singh RawatSocial WorkUttarakhand114.Shri Chintala Venkat ReddyOthers-AgricultureTelangana115.Smt. (Dr.) Shanti RoyMedicineBihar116.Shri Radhammohan & Ms.Sabarmatee (Duo)*Others-AgricultureOdisha117.Shri Batakrushna SahooOthers-AnimalHusbandryOdisha118.Ms. Trinity SaiooOthers-AgricultureMeghalaya119.Shri Adnan SamiArtMaharashtra120.Shri Vijay SankeshwarTrade and IndustryKarnataka121.Dr. Kushal Konwar SarmaMedicineAssam122.Shri Sayed Mehboob Shah Qadrialias SayedbhaiSocial WorkMaharashtra123.Shri Mohammed SharifSocial WorkUttar Pradesh124.Shri Shyam Sunder SharmaArtBihar125.Dr. Gurdip SinghMedicineGujarat126.Shri Ramjee SinghSocial WorkBihar127.Shri Vashishtha Narayan Singh(Posthumous)Science and EngineeringBihar128.Shri Daya Prakash SinhaArtUttar Pradesh129.Dr. Sandra Desa SouzaMedicineMaharashtra130.Shri Vijayasarathi SribhashyamLiterature and EducationTelangana131.Smt. Kalee Shabi Mahaboob & Shri Sheik Mahaboob Subani(Duo)*ArtTamil Nadu132.Shri Javed Ahmad TakSocial WorkJammu andKashmir133.Shri Pradeep ThalappilScience and EngineeringTamil Nadu134.Shri Yeshe Dorjee ThongchiLiterature and EducationArunachal Pradesh135.Shri Robert ThurmanLiterature and EducationUSA136.Shri Agus Indra UdayanaSocial WorkIndonesia137.Shri Harish Chandra VermaScience and EngineeringUttar Pradesh138.Shri Sundaram VermaSocial WorkRajasthan139.Dr. Romesh TekchandWadhwaniTrade and IndustryUSA140.Shri Suresh WadkarArtMaharashtra141.Shri Prem WatsaTrade and IndustryCanada 4.Smt. M. C. Mary KomSportsManipur Padma Bhushan SNNameFieldState/Country8.Shri M. Mumtaz Ali (Sri M)Others-SpiritualismKerala9.Shri Syed Muazzem Ali(Posthumous)Public AffairsBangladesh10.Shri Muzaffar Hussain BaigPublic AffairsJammu andKashmir11.Shri Ajoy ChakravortyArtWest Bengal12.Shri Manoj DasLiterature andEducationPuducherry13.Shri Balkrishna DoshiOthers-ArchitectureGujarat14.Ms. Krishnammal JagannathanSocial WorkTamil Nadu15.Shri S. C. JamirPublic AffairsNagaland16.Shri Anil Prakash JoshiSocial WorkUttarakhand17.Dr. Tsering LandolMedicineLadakh18.Shri Anand MahindraTrade and IndustryMaharashtra19.Shri Neelakanta RamakrishnaMadhava Menon (Posthumous)Public AffairsKerala20.Shri Manohar GopalkrishnaPrabhu Parrikar (Posthumous)Public AffairsGoa21.Prof. Jagdish ShethLiterature andEducationUSA22.Ms. P. V. SindhuSportsTelangana23.Shri Venu SrinivasanTrade and IndustryTamil Nadu 5.Shri Chhannulal MishraArtUttar Pradesh 1.Shri George Fernandes(Posthumous)Public AffairsBihar 7.Sri Vishveshateertha Swamiji SriPejavara Adhokhaja Matha Udupi (Posthumous)Others-SpiritualismKarnataka 3.Sir Anerood Jugnauth GCSKPublic AffairsMauritius