Attachment anxiety heightens aversion toward pattern deviancy, according to new psychology research

first_imgShare on Facebook Email Anxieties about one’s close relationships are associated with aversion towards pattern deviancy, according to new research published in the European Journal of Social Psychology.“I’ve always been fascinated with objects, experiences, and situations that are irregular, abnormal, and break the pattern of what we are used to. I’ve consistently found that people tend to feel negatively about such ‘deviant’ stimuli. The obvious next question was to ask where these negative attitudes towards deviancy come from,” explained study author Anton Gollwitzer, a PhD Candidate at Yale University.Two initial surveys of 239 participants found a link between attachment anxiety and aversion toward pattern deviancy. People who agreed with statements such as “My desire to be very close sometimes scares people away” and “I often worry that my partner doesn’t really love me” tended to also say that broken patterns of geometric shapes made them feel uncomfortable, anxious, or annoyed. Pinterest LinkedIncenter_img Share on Twitter The researchers then conducted an experiment with another 333 individuals, which found that participants who were asked to recall a relationship where they felt anxiously attached tended to have heightened aversion towards broken geometric patterns compared to participants who were asked to recall a relationship where they felt comfortable and secure.A second experiment with 501 participants replicated the findings with a different measure of pattern deviancy aversion. Instead of being asked to evaluate patterns of geometric shapes, the participants were simply asked how they felt “about things that break a pattern, are out of line, and are disordered.”“Anxiety in terms of our social relationships can have a far-reaching impact on our lives, including nonsocial outcomes. Although we tend to think of our social and nonsocial attitudes as independent, our social experiences can actually alter the way we more generally approach objects, experiences, and situations,” Gollwitzer told PsyPost.Future research could address why the association between attachment anxiety and aversion toward pattern deviancy exists.“Is the link between anxious attachment and disliking broken patterns functional in some way? For instance, do unstable social relationships serve as a signal for dangerous irregularities in the environment? If true, then anxious attachment may heighten people’s dislike of broken patterns to help them avoid these harmful irregularities,” Gollwitzer said.The study, “Anxious Attachment as an Antecedent of People’s Aversion Towards Pattern Deviancy“, was authored by Anton Gollwitzer and Margaret S. Clark. Sharelast_img read more

China reports 17 H7N9 cases as fast disease progression noted

first_imgChina’s weekly number of H7N9 avian flu cases continues to slowly decline following an unprecedented spike of cases over the winter, with 17 more illnesses, 3 of them fatal, reported in the past week.Also, a research team from China published an analysis of cases in Jiangsu province this season, which raises questions about whether illnesses have become more severe over the past few H7N9 waves.New cases in 6 Chinese provincesCiting mainland health officials, Hong Kong’s Centre for Health Protection (CHP) said today in a weekly update that 17 new cases were reported from Mar 24 to Mar 30 in six provinces, most of them in Hunan, Jiangsu, and Guangxi provinces. All patients were adults, with illness onsets ranging from Mar 6 to Mar 24.Sixteen of the patients had exposure to poultry or poultry markets, a known risk factor for contracting H7N9.China has now reported at least 555 cases and 179 deaths in the fifth H7N9 wave. The country first reported the disease in 2013.Experts probe reasons for H7N9 surgeThe analysis of H7N9 cases in Jiangsu province appeared yesterday in the latest issue of Eurosurveillance.Jiangsu is one of the most affected provinces regarding H7N9 cases and is part of southern China’s poultry production hub. The report by Jiangsu researchers covers 109 fifth-wave cases reported through Jan 31, a number that exceeds all of the cases reported for the first four H7N9 waves in that province.Ten of Jiangsu’s 13 cities have been affected this season, with officials reporting a possible human-to-human case cluster and a coinfection with seasonal flu, presumably H3N2.The demographic profile of Jiangsu’s cases this season is similar to previous H7N9 waves, but the investigators said that, over the past three waves, disease progression seems faster, with the median time from symptom onset to intensive care unit admission decreasing from 9 to 10 days to 7 days. Likewise, the median time from symptom onset to death has also become shorter: 13.5 for the current wave, compared with 15 to 28 days for the last four waves.Genetic analysis of strains from recent Jiangsu cases, however, showed no known mutations that would make the virus more transmissible to people, easier to spread among people, or resistant to neuraminidase inhibitors, the most commonly used class of antiviral drugs.A December spike in cases could have been influenced by weather conditions as well as higher levels of contamination in poultry, the authors said, adding that an increase in environmental positives hints that the virus might be more resistant to higher ambient temperatures. They added, though, that more work is needed to analyze genetic sequences and to study the interactions among the factors that lead to human infections.Several cities, including Suzhou, Wuxi, and Changzhou, temporarily closed live-poultry markets in December, which was followed by a case decline in January, with an even steeper drop in February.The group concluded that it’s crucial to monitor the pandemic potential and the impact that recent genetic changes may have on the poultry industry. Also, they said more efforts are needed to more quickly identify the disease in people, especially at community clinics, which is where nearly half of H7N9 patients first seek medical care.See also:Mar 31 CHP H7N9 updateMar 30 Eurosurveill reportlast_img read more

Stewardship / Resistance Scan for Mar 29, 2019

first_imgChinese surveillance study finds multidrug-resistant E coli in foodA surveillance study by Chinese scientists has found multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli strains in food products carrying the MCR-1 and blaNDM-1 resistance genes, and mobile genetic elements similar to those found in human strains, according to a paper yesterday in Eurosurveillance.Among the 1,166 non-repeated cephalosporin-resistant E coli isolates recovered from 2,137 samples of pork, beef, chicken, and shrimp bought at markets in Shenzen, China, from 2015 through 2017, the scientists identified 390 and 42, respectively, that were resistant to colistin and meropenem, and 5 isolates that were resistant to both antibiotics.Among the 390 colistin-resistant E coli isolates, the rate of resistance to colistin rose from 26% in 2015 to 46% in 2017, while rates of meropenem resistance in the 42 meropenem-resistant isolates increased from 0.3% in 2015 to 17% in 2017.Further screening found that all of the colistin-resistant isolates carried the MCR-1 gene and 36 of the 42 meropenem-resistant isolates carried the blaNDM-1 gene, with six harboring the blaNDM-5 gene; the five isolates that were resistant to both colistin and meropenem were carrying both MCR-1 and blaNDM genes. Notably, the scientists identified plasmids—in particular the ca 46kb IncX3 plasmid—that have been commonly reported in colistin- and carbapenem-resistant clinical isolates but not in isolates from animals and food. Conjugation experiments revealed that the colistin and meropenem resistance phenotypes of the 5 MCR-1 and blaNDM-bearing strains were transferable to other E coli strains of food origin.The authors of the study say the isolation of E coli strains harboring blaNDM-1 and MCR-1 that structurally resemble clinical strains has not previously been reported, and warn that the rising prevalence of these strains could mean an increase in severe, multidrug-resistant foodborne infections.”The increasing prevalence of Enterobacteriaceae strains carrying bla NDM and mcr-1 in food products will lead to increased colonisation of the human gastrointestinal tract with these Enterobacteriaceae strains, a phenomenon that has been associated with the high prevalence of drug-resistant infections in clinical settings,” they write. “Further surveillance of bla NDM-1 and mcr-1 in other food products is warranted.” Mar 28 Eurosurveill study Study in Georgia finds poor long-term outcomes for XDR-TB treatmentA study today in Open Forum Infectious Diseases reports high mortality among patients with extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) in the former Soviet republic of Georgia, with most deaths occurring post-treatment.In the retrospective population-based cohort study, researchers from Emory University and Georgia’s National Center for Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases assessed end-of-treatment and long-term outcomes in patients with XDR-TB. They also evaluated risk factors for poor outcomes. Patients were treated by directly observed therapy in accordance with 2011 World Health Organization (WHO) treatment guidelines for drug-resistant TB; the drug regimen did not include the newer agents bedaquiline and delamanid, which are now recommended under current WHO guidelines.From 2011 through 2013, 111 patients initiated treatment for XDR-TB; end-of-treatment outcomes were available for 106. Of those patients, 35 (33%) had a favorable outcome from initial XDR-TB treatment and 71 (67%) had an unfavorable outcome, with 16 (15.1%) dying. After cessation of initial XDR-TB treatment, an additional 20 of 90 (22.2%) patients who were alive at the end of treatment died, increasing the overall mortality rate to 34% (36 of 106). In multivariable analysis, the main factor for post-treatment mortality was unfavorable initial end-of-treatment outcome (adjusted odds ratio, 14.41; 95% confidence interval, 1.78 to 117.3).”The results of our study highlight the need for better surveillance during and after treatment for highly drug resistant TB,” the authors of the study write. “After treatment cessation, public health resources should focus on continual monitoring of patients given a significant risk of mortality and relapse.”Mar 29 Open Forum Infect Dis abstract Darden commits to buying chicken raised without antibiotics Multi-brand restaurant operator Darden Restaurants yesterday announced it will phase out the routine use of medically important antibiotics in its chicken supply chain by 2023.The commitment to buying chicken raised without medically important antibiotics is part of a wider animal welfare policy that the company, whose brands include Olive Garden and The Capital Grille, is adopting. The policy aims to increase mobility, lower injury and mortality rates, and reduce stress and fear among the farm animals in its supply chain.In addition to responsible use of antibiotics, Darden has identified humane housing, avoidance of pain, slaughter practices, and farm animal transportation as priority areas for improvement.Darden operates more than 1,700 restaurants in North America.Mar 28 Darden Restaurants press releaselast_img read more

Obituary: Hope Ann-Marie Jaramillo (Wagner) March 1, 1969 – Jan. 29, 2020

first_imgHOPE ANN-MARIE JARAMILLO (WAGNER) March 1, 1969 – Jan. 29, 2020 Hope Ann-Marie Jaramillo (Wagner), beloved wife, mother, sister, friend and daughter of Raymond and Mary Wagner, passed away peacefully surrounded by loved ones. Hope is survived by Joe Jaramillo (husband), and daughters Taylor Jaramillo, Jordan Jaramillo and Terri Jaramillo as well as extended family.Hope was a long time resident of Los Alamos and graduated from Los Alamos High School in 1987. She has a lifetime passion for softball and served her community coaching. Momma Hope was a mentor, coach and always welcomed people with open arms.Hope was a devoted wife, mother and sister. Her smile brought joy to all who knew her. Her sense of humor made her your friend when you met her. Her dedication and stubbornness made her a champion for her family and friends.Hope’s passion for life will be missed and this community lost one of its shining lights.Hope’s wish was that any girl she coached would wear their jersey as a remembrance. Hope’s funeral will be at Immaculate Heart of Mary on Saturday February 1st at 11:00 a.m. Interment will follow immediately after. All are welcomed.A Mass of Christian Burial will be celebrated on Saturday, February 1, 2020 at 11:00 am at Immaculate Heart of Mary Catholic Church, followed by burial at Guaje Pines Cemetery. All are invited to a reception, following the burial, at the Immaculate Heart of Mary Parish Hall. Hope’s wish was that any girl she coached would wear their jersey to her funeral as a remembrance.Hope’s family has entrusted her care to Rivera Family Funerals & Cremations of Los Alamos, located at 1627 A Central Avenue, Los Alamos, NM 87544, (505) 663-6880, www.riverafamilyfuneralhome.com.last_img read more

Outdoor Dining Hearing Closed

first_imgA public hearing allowing small take-out restaurants to add up to 16 sidewalk seats as part of East Hampton Town’s Downtown Montauk Outdoor Dining Right-of-Way Pilot Program closed at the town board’s meeting last Thursday.Under the program, the fire marshal’s office would review the locations of tables, making sure passersby have enough room to walk, and approve a permit to the tune of $150.“We know everyone likes to dine outside during the summer, so we hope this makes it good for businesses, and makes it clear for code enforcement,” said Councilwoman Sylvia Overby, who is the board’s liaison to the Montauk Citizens Advisory Committee.Springs resident David Buda questioned whether there were any provisions within the program to protect against any litter generated from the takeout restaurants.Overby said there aren’t any provisions in the proposed program, but there are in the town code. She said she believed the businesses, Montauk Chamber of Commerce, and the town could work together to ensure litter does not get out of hand.The chamber has installed trash cans for recyclables, which are sponsored by local businesses, and the town has been picking the refuse up, Overby said.“Always, litter is a problem,” she added.The proposal came out of the town’s business committee. It’s the third part of the pilot program legislation, which first made it possible for restaurants to have outdoor dining, then was followed by a provision allowing smaller takeout restaurants to have 16 seats in their establishments.In other Montauk news, the board moved forward with plans to pursue temporary housing for seasonal workers in Montauk. The town is sending out a request for proposals, which will be due back by July 31. A pre-proposal meeting will be held on May 9. The idea behind the project is to provide affordable local housing for the hamlet’s seasonal workforce, which would also reduce the amount of congestion on the roadways in the summer season.The board approved $150,000 in funding for the Hampton Hopper to run a shuttle bus in Montauk for the summer season. The cost will be offset by a $100,000 in state grant funding set aside by Assemblyman Fred Thiele.The Ditch Witch was approved once again as the town’s mobile concessionaire for Otis Road at Ditch Plains Beach. The bid came in at $12,825.Also, at the town board meeting:• The board scheduled public hearings on the acquisition of properties under the Community Preservation Fund. The properties included 105 Sycamore Drive, Springs for $290,000 and 269 Fairview Avenue, Montauk for $585,000, respectively.• Christine Ganitsch was appointed to the CPF Advisory Board.• Oyster gardening fees for the East Hampton Shellfish Education and Enhancement Directive were set at $250 for first-year oyster gardeners and $150 per year thereafter. The fee will entitle oyster gardeners access to oyster growing gear, assistance from the town’s shellfish hatchery staff, and oyster seed in order to maintain their crop of 1000 oysters as determined by New York State.The town’s hatchery will also assist oyster gardeners who would like to cultivate oysters off their own docks for an initial fee of $350, under the assumption that the farmer would keep the gear used to grow oysters. The farmers would also have to obtain a license to collect shellfish from the state Department of Environmental Conservation.Subsequent sustaining member fees would be $100 and would entitle the gardener an annual allotment of new oyster seed in order to maintain their state allotment of oysters.peggy@indyeastend.com Sharelast_img read more

National Drug Takeback Day

first_imgSouthampton Town is participating in the federal Drug Enforcement Agency’s National Drug Take Back Day Saturday, April 27.Because unused medications that are not disposed of can end up in the hands of the most vulnerable populations, like children, and flushing medications down a toilet could ultimately result in them entering the aquifer and polluting the drinking water, the town is hosting takebacks through its police department at three separate locations to help keep the community safe and clean.According to a 2017 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, six million Americans misused controlled prescription drugs that year. The study shows that most abused prescription drugs were obtained from family and friends, often from the home medicine cabinet. The DEA’s Take Back Day events provide an opportunity for Americans to prevent drug addiction and overdose deaths.Collection sites will be at Hampton Bays Community Center, 25 Ponquogue Avenue, Hampton Bays; Flanders Community Center, 655 Flanders Road, Flanders; and Southampton Town Police Substation at the Bridgehampton Commons, 2044 Montauk Highway, Bridgehampton, from 10 AM to 2 PM. Liquid medications, syringes, sharps, and thermometers are not accepted. The drop-off service is free and confidential. For more information about the disposal of prescription drugs or about the National Drug Take Back Day event, go to takebackday.dea.gov or call the Southampton Town Police Evidence & Property Section at 631-702-2254.desiree@indyeastend.com Sharelast_img read more

Hydrogen research wins major award

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GasSecure achieves world first in wireless gas detection

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Emera Kicks Off Maritime Link Project

first_imgThe governments of Nova Scotia and Newfoundland and Labrador and NSP Maritime Link Inc., a subsidiary of Emera, today participated in a ground-breaking ceremony at the Bottom Brook construction site in Newfoundland and Labrador to recognize the start of construction of the Maritime Link Project.Nova Scotia Energy Minister, Andrew Younger, Newfoundland and Labrador’s Minister of Natural Resources, Derrick Dalley, and President and CEO of Emera, Chris Huskilson, attended the ground-breaking ceremony, and also signed an Industrial and Employment Benefits agreement for the Maritime Link Project. This agreement is based on the terms outlined by the interprovincial Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) that was signed by the provinces in late 2011.“This project creates an important link in our region, bringing clean, renewable energy to Nova Scotia, as well as local economic opportunities,” said Minister Younger. “We’re already seeing a number of Nova Scotia companies actively working on this significant infrastructure project with even more opportunities coming as the project ramps up next year.”With a total estimated cost of $1.577 billion, the Maritime Link Project is expected to create an average of 300 jobs per year between both provinces during the construction period. Employment is expected to peak at 600 in 2016. Approximately 200 people are currently working on the project between provinces and local companies in Nova Scotia and Newfoundland and Labrador are working on a number of aspects of the project.“Today represents another important milestone for the Lower Churchill Project,” said Minister Dalley. “This agreement ensures significant benefits for the people and businesses of our province and the region. With this agreement now finalized, benefits during the construction phase of the Maritime Link Project are secured for Newfoundlanders and Labradorians.”The agreement includes commitments to the following:– Equal opportunities for Nova Scotia and Newfoundland and Labrador businesses and residents;– A fair, open and transparent procurement and contracting process for suppliers and contractors in both provinces;– Funding for training and development positions that align with the specialized nature of the Maritime Link Project;– Educational sponsorships to be allocated between universities in Nova Scotia and Newfoundland and Labrador to support Maritime Link related technologies;– Tracking and reporting updates of data related to economic and employment benefits for both provinces.“Today’s agreement ensures that businesses and residents in both provinces are treated equally and fairly when it comes to economic opportunities resulting from the Maritime Link Project,” said Chris Huskilson, President and CEO of Emera. “To date more than $100 million has been awarded to local companies in Nova Scotia and Newfoundland and Labrador and we are just getting started.”The Maritime Link involves the construction and operation of a new 500 megawatt (MW) (+/- 200 kilovolt) HVdc (high-voltage direct current) line, as well as a 230 kV HVac (high-voltage alternating current) transmission line and associated infrastructure, between Granite Canal, Newfoundland and Labrador, and Woodbine, Nova Scotia. The Project will also include two 170 kilometre (km) subsea cables across the Cabot Strait, close to 50 km of overland transmission in Nova Scotia and nearly 300 km of overland transmission on the island of Newfoundland.last_img read more

Solicitor settles action against solicitorsfromhell

first_img Lawyer issues libel claim against ‘solicitorsfromhell’ website A north-east solicitor yesterday settled his libel claim against the owner of a website that blacklists solicitors and law firms. Scott Eason, principal at Eason Law, had instructed libel lawyers Carter-Ruck to bring a claim for damages of between £50,000 and £100,000 and obtain a High Court injunction against Rick Kordowski, who runs solicitorsfromhell.co.uk. Under the terms of a High Court order, Eason agreed to drop his claim for damages and costs if Kordowski removed allegations against Eason and Eason Law from the internet; undertook never again to publish allegations referring to Eason or his firm; and will write to Eason to apologise. Carter-Ruck said in a statement yesterday: ‘Scott Eason has today settled his libel action against Rick Kordowski, owner of the website Solicitors from Hell. Mr Kordowski has removed the false and defamatory allegations from his website, agreed not to publish them again and apologised to Mr Eason.’ Eason said in a statement released by Carter-Ruck yesterday: ‘I am happy and relieved that this case has now settled. I felt very strongly about what was published about me and I could not allow the allegations to remain on the internet. ‘I initially wrote to Mr Kordowski myself asking for the allegations to be taken down, but he refused to do this without payment. As a matter of principle, I refused to pay Mr Kordowski any money and he left me with no option but to issue libel proceedings against him. ‘I am glad that Mr Kordowski has accepted the allegations are false, taken them down from his website and apologised to me.’ Kordowski said today that he will not delete complaints about ‘Premium Players’ unless the person who made the original post or a High Court judge asks him to do so. Complainants do not have to pay to post on the site, but if they feel strongly about their story, they can pay £25 to have the firm listed as a ‘Premium Player,’ as long as their posting contains information that is useful to the public, Kordowski said. If listed as a premium player, a solicitor or firm cannot pay to have the posting removed, he added. Kordowski’s apology to Eason will read: ‘I would like to apologise for allowing defamatory allegations about you made by a third party to be posted on my website solicitorsfromhell.co.uk. I did not know at the time of publication that the allegations were false, but I now understand that they are. On that basis, they should never have been published. ‘I have taken the allegations down from my website and agreed not to republish anything about you or your firm again. I understand that, as I have no funds, you have kindly agreed to waive your entitlement to damages and costs. ‘I am sorry for the embarrassment and distress the allegations have caused you to suffer.’ See also Website for blacklisted solicitors plans expansionlast_img read more