Study finds magic mushrooms may ‘reset’ the brains of depressed patients

first_imgPinterest Share on Twitter Patients taking psilocybin to treat depression show reduced symptoms weeks after treatment following a ‘reset’ of their brain activity.The findings come from a study in which researchers from Imperial College London used psilocybin – the psychoactive compound that occurs naturally in magic mushrooms – to treat a small number of patients with depression in whom conventional treatment had failed.In a paper, published today in the journal Scientific Reports, the researchers describe patient-reported benefits lasting up to five weeks after treatment, and believe the psychedelic compound may effectively reset the activity of key brain circuits known to play a role in depression. Email Share on Facebookcenter_img Share Comparison of images of patients’ brains before and one day after they received the drug treatment revealed changes in brain activity that were associated with marked and lasting reductions in depressive symptoms.The authors note that while the initial results of the experimental therapy are exciting, they are limited by the small sample size as well as the absence of a control group – such as a placebo group – to directly contrast with the patients.Dr Robin Carhart-Harris, Head of Psychedelic Research at Imperial, who led the study, said: “We have shown for the first time clear changes in brain activity in depressed people treated with psilocybin after failing to respond to conventional treatments.“Several of our patients described feeling ‘reset’ after the treatment and often used computer analogies. For example, one said he felt like his brain had been ‘defragged’ like a computer hard drive, and another said he felt ‘rebooted’. Psilocybin may be giving these individuals the temporary ‘kick start’ they need to break out of their depressive states and these imaging results do tentatively support a ‘reset’ analogy. Similar brain effects to these have been seen with electroconvulsive therapy.”Over the last decade or so, a number of clinical trials have been conducted into the safety and effectiveness of psychedelics in patients with conditions such as depression and addictions, yielding promising results.In the recent Imperial trial, the first with psilocybin in depression, 20 patients with treatment-resistant form of the disorder were given two doses of psilocybin (10 mg and 25 mg), with the second dose a week after the first.Nineteen of these underwent initial brain imaging and then a second scan one day after the high dose treatment. Carhart-Harris and team used two main brain imaging methods to measure changes in blood flow and the crosstalk between brain regions, with patients reporting their depressive symptoms through completing clinical questionnaires.Immediately following treatment with psilocybin, patients reported a decrease in depressive symptoms – corresponding with anecdotal reports of an ‘after-glow’ effect characterised by improvements in mood and stress relief.Functional MRI imaging revealed reduced blood flow in areas of the brain, including the amygdala, a small, almond-shaped region of the brain known to be involved in processing emotional responses, stress and fear. They also found increased stability in another brain network, previously linked to psilocybin’s immediate effects as well as to depression itself.These findings provide a new window into what happens in the brains of people after they have ‘come down’ from a psychedelic, where an initial disintegration of brain networks during the drug ‘trip’, is followed by a re-integration afterwards.Dr Carhart-Harris explained: “Through collecting these imaging data we have been able to provide a window into the after effects of psilocybin treatment in the brains of patients with chronic depression. Based on what we know from various brain imaging studies with psychedelics, as well as taking heed of what people say about their experiences, it may be that psychedelics do indeed ‘reset’ the brain networks associated with depression, effectively enabling them to be lifted from the depressed state.The authors warn that while the initial findings are encouraging, the research is at an early stage and that patients with depression should not attempt to self-medicate, as the team provided a special therapeutic context for the drug experience and things may go awry if the extensive psychological component of the treatment is neglected. They add that future studies will include more robust designs and currently plan to test psilocybin against a leading antidepressant in a trial set to start early next year.Professor David Nutt, Edmond J. Safra Professor of Neuropsychopharmacology and director of the Neuropsychopharmacology Unit in the Division of Brain Sciences, and senior author of the paper, added: “Larger studies are needed to see if this positive effect can be reproduced in more patients. But these initial findings are exciting and provide another treatment avenue to explore.” LinkedInlast_img read more

GSC Soccer Tournaments to Remain at Brosnaham Park in Pensacola

first_imgGSC Soccer Tournaments to Remain at Brosnaham Park in Pensacola Share BIRMINGHAM, Ala. – The Gulf South Conference (GSC) officially announced the contract renewal for its Men’s and Women’s Soccer Tournaments that will keep the events in Pensacola, Fla. on Thursday.The GSC and the Pensacola Sports Association (PSA) agreed to a four-year extension that runs until the end of the 2014 season.  The Conference has held both tournaments in conjunction at the same site since the sport’s addition in 1996 with the Ashton Brosnaham Soccer Complex serving as the host venue since 2005.For GSC Commissioner Nate Salant, agreeing to an extension was an easy decision.  “The PSA has done a wonderful job of hosting our soccer tournaments,” Salant explained.  “The coaches love the facility, the student-athletes love staying at the beach and visiting historic downtown Pensacola and the fans look forward to the event every year.”“The final agreement makes sense for all parties and the expectation is that we are here for a long, long time.  The University of West Florida has played a major role in helping with the administration of the tournaments and I would like to thank UWF President Dr. Judith Bense, Athletic Director Dave Scott and Associate Athletic Director Meghan Barter for their efforts.”The PSA has built a solid reputation by not only hosting GSC soccer, but also by bringing NCAA Division II events to the area.  Executive Director Ray Palmer expressed his excitement about retaining the GSC Tournaments.  “We are just thrilled to have the GSC returning to Escambia County by extending the agreement for another four years.  It has been a great relationship that combines the desired tourism with a high quality soccer event.”“The PSA is excited about the direction of the Conference and the additional members that are lined up to join the league in the next few years.  We also look forward to hosting the new teams, coaches and fans from current members who recently added soccer along with the new teams that will potentially make their first trips here.  It’s a win-win situation for everyone and we look forward to many more years of this relationship.”The 2011 GSC Men’s and Women’s Soccer Tournaments will take place on the first weekend in November.  The Semifinals kickoff on Friday, November 4th followed by the Championship Matches on Sunday, November 6th.  Fans can find out additional information regarding the tournaments by visiting Friendly Versionlast_img read more