Failure / inability to adopt technology Commercial barriers to collaboration on innovation14% Access to the right skills/talent The legislative / regulatory environment Aging assets Offshore Energy Today Staff 13% 15% 29% 29% Lloyd’s Register Energy this week, during the Offshore Europe event in Aberdeen, carried out a survey asking participants what they thought were the offshore oil and gas industry’s top issues.More specifically, the question was “Aside from costs and profitability, what do you see as the most significant constraining factor facing your sector in the next 10 to 15 years?”Aging Assets, and Access to Talent. These were jointly ranked first, with 29% of respondents identifying each as their primary concern, Lloyds Register Energy has revealed.Worth noting, the participants, 112 of them, were offered a multiple choice with set answers. (Scroll down to see the full results of the survey)Peter Richards (VP Marketing & Communications) said: “Across the world, assets are reaching maturity, access to reservoirs remains challenging and many experienced specialists are nearing retirement. On top of that, the ‘digital oil field’ brings an increased need for strong capabilities in mathematics, statistics and data alongside the traditional science and engineering skill sets. This survey reflects those industry dynamics.”The theme of this year’s Offshore Europe, “Inspiring the next generation”, also reflects this, and recognises the need to understand what the industry’s future looks like and to build a talent pipeline to support it, LR says. But in the low oil price environment, many organisations need to make difficult decisions in order to achieve cost reductions – and that may prove to be counter-productive in the longer term, LR Energy said in a statement issued Friday.Companies must keep one eye on the futureFollowing the technical session on talent development which was chaired by LR Energy during the conference, John Nicolson (HR Director) said: “Even as the energy industry braces itself, companies must keep one eye on the future – if the talent pool is diminished (in quality or quantity) the business will be less able to leverage the upturn when it arrives.”As the debate at Offshore Europe 2015 illustrates, how the industry addresses these challenges is critical in ensuring the continued long term growth of the industry. There are no easy answers, but one thing is clear from Offshore Europe 2015: the industry is aware of the challenges and is actively looking for solutions to drive long-term growth, LR Energy said.Below are the full results of the LR survey:
A decision to fit ETCS Level 2 on DB’s main line between two major cities in south Germany means that three separate signalling and train control systems will operate in parallel on one route,DEUTSCHE Bahn has called tenders for supply and installation of ETCS Level 2 on its 171 km corridor between Nürnberg and München. Bids for the €35m project close in early July, and completion is planned by the end of 2009. Between Ingolstadt and München the route consists of tracks upgraded for trains to run at 200 km/h, but over the 89 km north of Ingolstadt a 300 km/h Neubaustrecke was opened in May 2006. The entire route is fitted with DB’s LZB inductive train control system which is mandatory for trains operating at speeds over 160 km/h.Despite this, DB is to equip the route with ETCS Level 2. Asked to explain, DB says that the route forms part of the Stockholm – Verona corridor designated by the EU in the ETCS migration strategy. As funding from the EU is conditional on the route meeting the requirements of the latest TSIs, the line has to be fitted with Level 2. There have been suggestions that the Federal Railway Office instructed DB to install Level 2 on the route, but EBA says this is not the case and that the requirement was part of an agreement with the European Commission.DB says the ETCS equipment will operate in parallel with the existing LZB – the two systems will remain separate, and trains running at 200 km/h or more will use one or the other system depending on the onboard equipment with which they are fitted.As the upgraded line between Ingolstadt and München is also used by trains running at less than 160 km/h, conventional lineside signals and associated train protection equipment will remain in place. This means that three separate signalling and train control systems will be operational on the same line.Asked what advantages Level 2 offers over LZB, DB points out that it is standard European equipment which will allow trains not fitted to operate with DB’s own signalling to use the line. In terms of safety and capacity, LZB and ETCS Level 2 are comparable, DB notes.DB has yet to decide how many vehicles will need to be fitted with ETCS to run over the line, and separate tenders will be called for supply of onboard equipment. On average 72 trains a day use the Neubaustrecke in each direction, with 120 trains a day each way on the upgraded section.DB has already installed Level 2 equipment on a section of the main line from Berlin to Halle and Leipzig. The 39 km northern section between Ludwigsfelde and Jüterbog was one of the national ERTMS test lines enjoying funding from the European Commission, but the 120 km southern section was funded nationally. Level 2 is also being installed on the 128 km route from Saarbrücken to Ludwigshafen as part of the TGV Est Europ?en programme. However, as 200 km/h will not be possible on the 33 km section between Kaiserslautern and Neustadt, Level 1 will suffice. The work will be completed by December 2008.