ID’s Top Six — The Fine-Tuning of the Universe

first_img Physics, Earth & Space ID’s Top Six — The Fine-Tuning of the UniverseCasey LuskinNovember 8, 2017, 1:08 AM Intelligent Design Origin of Life: Brian Miller Distills a Debate Between Dave Farina and James Tour Editor’s note: In the past we’ve offered the top 10 problems with Darwinian evolution (see here for a fuller elaboration), and the top five problems with origin-of-life theories. But somehow we neglected to offer a parallel listing of the top lines of evidence supporting intelligent design. Many different pieces of evidence pointing to design in nature could be adduced, but we decided to distill it all down to six major lines of evidence. Sure, five or ten would have been more conventional, but when did ID advocates start playing to expectations?So here they are, their order simply reflecting that in which they must logically have occurred within our universe. Material is adapted from the textbook Discovering Intelligent Design, which is an excellent resource for introducing the evidence for ID, along with Stephen Meyer’s books Signature in the Cell and Darwin’s Doubt.2. The Fine-Tuning of the UniverseThe term “Big Bang” conjures images of an explosion, and usually when we think of an explosion we imagine a highly chaotic, stochastic event that destroys any order that is present rather than creating or preserving order. The Big Bang was not that kind of an “explosion.” It’s much better understood as a “finely tuned expansion event,” where all the matter and energy in the universe were expanding from an unimaginably high energy state. However, matching that energy was control and guidance through natural laws that were designed to produce a habitable universe, a home for life.Consider some of the finely tuned factors that make our universe possible:If the strong nuclear force were slightly more powerful, then there would be no hydrogen, an essential element of life. If it was slightly weaker, then hydrogen would be the only element in existence.If the weak nuclear force were slightly different, then either there would not be enough helium to generate heavy elements in stars, or stars would burn out too quickly and supernova explosions could not scatter heavy elements across the universe.If the electromagnetic force were slightly stronger or weaker, atomic bonds, and thus complex molecules, could not form.If the value of the gravitational constant were slightly larger, one consequence would be that stars would become too hot and burn out too quickly. If it were smaller, stars would never burn at all and heavy elements would not be produced.The finely tuned laws and constants of the universe are an example of specified complexity in nature. They are complex in that their values and settings are highly unlikely. They are specified in that they match the specific requirements needed for life.The following gives a sense of the degree of fine-tuning that must go into some of these values to yield a life-friendly universe:Gravitational constant: 1 part in 10^34Electromagnetic force versus force of gravity: 1 part in 10^37Cosmological constant: 1 part in 10^120Mass density of universe:  1 part in 10^59Expansion rate of universe: 1 part in 10^55Initial entropy:  1 part in 10^ (10^123)The last item in the list — the initial entropy of the universe — shows an astounding degree of fine-tuning. What all this shares is an incredible, astronomically precise, purposeful care and planning that went into the crafting of the laws and constants of the universe, gesturing unmistakably to intelligent design. As Nobel laureate in physics Charles Townes stated:Intelligent design, as one sees it from a scientific point of view, seems to be quite real. This is a very special universe: it’s remarkable that it came out just this way. If the laws of physics weren’t just the way they are, we couldn’t be here at all. The sun couldn’t be there, the laws of gravity and nuclear laws and magnetic theory, quantum mechanics, and so on have to be just the way they are for us to be here.Some scientists respond, “Well, there must be an enormous number of universes and each one is a little different. This one just happened to turn out right.” That’s a postulate, and it’s a pretty fantastic postulate — it assumes there really are an enormous number of universes and that the laws could be different for each of them. One would like to get a look at the universe-generating machine responsible for this abundance. The other possibility is that our universe was planned, and that’s why it has come out so specially.Again, William Lane Craig has a fantastic video explaining this: Recommended TagsBig BangCharles TownesDiscovering Intelligent Designelectromagnetic forceexpansion rate of universefine tuninggravitational constantgravityhydrogenID’s Top Sixinitial entropyintelligent designmagnetic theorymass densitynatureNobel laureatephysical constantsphysicsquantum mechanicsstarsstrong nuclear forcesuniverseweak nuclear forcewilliam lane craig,Trending Email Print Google+ Linkedin Twitter Share Casey LuskinAssociate Director, Center for Science and CultureCasey Luskin is a geologist and an attorney with graduate degrees in science and law, giving him expertise in both the scientific and legal dimensions of the debate over evolution. He earned his PhD in Geology from the University of Johannesburg, and BS and MS degrees in Earth Sciences from the University of California, San Diego, where he studied evolution extensively at both the graduate and undergraduate levels. His law degree is from the University of San Diego, where he focused his studies on First Amendment law, education law, and environmental law.Follow CaseyProfileWebsite Share Jane Goodall Meets the God Hypothesis A Physician Describes How Behe Changed His MindLife’s Origin — A “Mystery” Made AccessibleCodes Are Not Products of PhysicsIxnay on the Ambriancay PlosionexhayDesign Triangulation: My Thanksgiving Gift to All Billions of Missing Links: Mysteries Evolution Can’t Explain Email Print Google+ Linkedin Twitter Share Image source: spirit111, via Pixabay. “A Summary of the Evidence for Intelligent Design”: The Study Guide Congratulations to Science Magazine for an Honest Portrayal of Darwin’s Descent of Manlast_img read more

Memorial Service For Bobbi Kristina Brown Held

first_imgAdd to My List In My List For Whom The Bell Rings A memorial service in suburban Atlanta for Bobbi Kristina Brown, the daughter of the late superstar Whitney Houston and ex-husband Bobby Brown, was held Saturday.The service for Bobbi Kristina Brown, 22, lasted about two hours and was attended by her father and other members of the Houston and Brown families. Pat Houston, Whitney Houston’s sister-in-law and former manager was also there.Mayor Kasim Reed and Grammy-winning R&B singer Monica also attended the service at the St. James United Methodist Church in Alpharetta.A relative of Bobbi Kristina Brown left the memorial service to speak to reporters.Leolah Brown, the sister of Bobby Brown, walked out of the St. James United Methodist Church in Alpharetta and said she was angry because Pat Houston was speaking at the funeral.“I told her that Whitney is going to haunt her from the grave,” Leolah Brown told reporters outside the church.She suggested that the feud between the Houstons and the Browns was far from over.“It’s just getting started,” she said.Bobbi Kristina Brown died July 26, months after being found unconscious in a bathtub at her home. Legal Advocate Discusses Medical Abuse At Shut Down Georgia ICE Facility Related Stories Share ‘It’s Fractured’: Georgia Lt. Gov. Geoff Duncan On Healing Republican Partylast_img read more

Expansion in Italy with IRONMAN 70.3 Venice-Jesolo

first_imgIRONMAN has today announced that it will add a fourth race in Italy in 2021 – the IRONMAN 70.3 Venice-Jesolo triathlon.The inaugural event will be held on May 2, 2021. It joins the three existing IRONMAN events in Italy – IRONMAN Italy, Emilia-Romagna (Sep 19, 2020 – sold out), IRONMAN 70.3 Italy, Emilia-Romagna (Sep 20, 2020 – sold out) and IRONMAN 70.3 Sardegna (Oct 25, 2020 – registration open).Located 18km northeast of Venice, Jesolo is one of the most popular tourism destinations in Italy and Central Europe. With a history that traces back more than 1500 years, Jesolo boastsbeaches and a distinctive natural lagoon overlooked by the lighthouse located at Jesolo Beach (Lido di Jesolo). The race site is accessible by car and train and located only 30 minutes away from Venice’s Marco Polo International Airport as well as 40 minutes from Treviso International Airport.“The city of Venice and the surrounding region are arguably one of the best-known destinations in the world and we are thrilled to add this race venue to next year’s race calendar,” said Stefan Petschnig, Managing Director for IRONMAN Europe, Middle East and Africa.“Also, there is only one thing Italians are more passionate about than sports and that is their incredible hospitality. We are looking forward to our fourth event in Italy and an amazing race location right at the Adriatic Sea.” Valerio Zoggia, Mayor of Jesolo, said “We are thrilled at the opportunity of hosting such an extraordinary event as the IRONMAN 70.3 race. Our city is well known for its 15 kilometers of golden sand that embraces the Adriatic and for the enchanting landscapes that can be found in the Northern Lagoon of Venice, a UNESCO heritage site that Jesolo overlooks.“However, the location is also known for the link it has with sport. Thousands of athletes have tested their skills in a variety of disciplines; and with the IRONMAN 70.3 triathlon, we have an event that will bring sports lovers to push the limit.”“The Italian triathlon calendar is enriched with this new event in a location with high tourist appeal,” said Luigi Bianchi, President of the Italian Triathlon Federation (FITRI). “Such an important event, in addition to the clear attraction from a sporting point of view, presents a solid opportunity related to hospitality.“We know the popularity of IRONMAN events and I hope that next year’s inaugural race can serve as a stimulus for a positive restart after a season impacted by the almost total blockade as a result of the global pandemic. I am sure that the collaboration between FITRI and IRONMAN, which has been ongoing for several years, will continue into the future, providing excellent events in the world of triathlon.“We are all curious and excited to experience the first edition of IRONMAN 70.3 Venice-Jesolo on May 2 in 2021, which I hope will follow in the footsteps of IRONMAN Italy Emilia Romagna as far as attendance and satisfaction from athletes and people involved in the field are concerned.”Starting at the popular Lido di Jesolo, athletes will complete a single-loop swim course of 1.9km (1.2 miles) in the Adriatic Sea. With the lighthouse as the backdrop, athletes will get a feel for the destination right from the start before delving deeper into the Veneto region on the bike.Athletes will enjoy a single loop 90.1km (56 mile) bike course. Traversing the northern and southern expanses of Jesolo, the course will take athletes across both sides of the Sile river. After crossing the Sile, the course heads south taking athletes in the direction of Venice towards Punta Sabbioni where it skirts the Venetian Lagoon before returning north to Lido di Jesolo to start the run.The 21.1km (13.1 mile) run course consists of two loops, crossing the Jesolo promenade for a coastal route taking in one of Europe’s longest pedestrian roads. An ideal supporter hotspot, the promenade not only offers views of the Adriatic, but also gives athletes the opportunity to enjoy the cheers from their supporters all the way to the finish line at the Lighthouse Beach.The 2020 IRONMAN 70.3 Venice-Jesolo triathlon will offer qualifying slots to the 2021 IRONMAN 70.3 World Championship in St George, Utah, USA.www.ironman.com Relatedlast_img read more

Will Lance Bass and HGTV be one big happy family with a ‘Brady Bunch’ house project?

first_imgPhoto by PG/Bauer-Griffin/GC Images(LOS ANGELES) — Days after HGTV was revealed to have outbid reality star and ‘N SYNC member Lance Bass for the Brady Bunch house, it seems the pair might have gone from real estate adversaries to reality show allies.After publicly admitting to being “heartbroken” about being outbid, Bass backpedaled when he realized the DIY network intended to restore the California house to its ’70s sitcom glory.“[H]ow can you be mad at HGTV??” he noted, adding, “I know you will do the right thing with the house.”Entertainment Tonight is now reporting that “HGTV did reach out” to Bass to possibly collaborate on a “future project centered around” the property.The swiftly changing fortunes of the Brady Bunch deal has some speculating that Bass’ initial bid — and the drama surrounding his being beaten out by a then-anonymous “billion dollar corporate entity” — may have been a set-up from the very beginning.Or maybe, like most Brady Bunch episodes set inside the iconic property, the speculation is all just a misunderstanding.Copyright © 2018, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.last_img read more