As we commemorate Black History Month, Caribbean National Weekly is taking this opportunity to present its readers with the series “Caribbean Influence on American Black History.” We regard this series as important not only to commemorate Black History Month, but to apprise our readers of the significant impact Caribbean immigrants have made to American history, particularly in light of degrading remarks recently made regarding immigrants from a Caribbean nation and Africa.Part 1: 1650 – 1930’sHistory relates that people from the Caribbean began migrating, albeit forcibly, and in chains, to America as slaves in the 17th century. Around 1650 British slave masters took slaves from Barbados to work on plantations in South Carolina and Virginia, creating the beginnings of a formidable Caribbean community in both states. Up to 1700 virtually all the slaves in South Carolina came from Barbados. During the 18th century it was estimated that up to 20 percent of the slaves in South Carolina were from the Caribbean, and the majority of the slaves in the northern states were of Caribbean origin, with slaves in New York originating from the Caribbean outnumbering those imported directly from Africa by three to one.Along with South Carolina, Virginia and New York, a strong Caribbean community also grew in Boston, Massachusetts. In 1860 it was estimated that one of five Bostonians were born in Barbados, or elsewhere in the Caribbean.After the American Civil War ended in 1865, the foreign-born black population in the U.S, was determined to be of predominantly Caribbean origins, increasing between 1850 and 1900 from some 4,000 to over 20,000. As the Caribbean population took roots in the U.S. it started to make significant contributions from relative unheralded people like, Robert Campbell, Jamaican, assistant principal of Philadelphia’s Institute of Colored Youth, in 1855; David Augustus Straker, Barbadian, lawyer, educationalist, journalist and civil rights proponent; Jan Earnst Matzeliger, from Surinam, inventor of a shoe making machine in the 1870’s; William Crogman, St Martins, Latin and Greek scholar, former president of Clark College and a founder of the American Negro Academy; and Joseph Atwell, Barbadian, who in 1867 was the first Blackman, after the Civil War, to be ordained in the U.S. Episcopal church. In fact, according to one historian West Indian immigrants at the turn of the nineteenth century were regarded “as paragons of intelligence and men of breeding.”At the dawning of the 20th century there was a significant increase in the migration of Caribbean nationals to America. According to historian Winston James, “The History of Caribbean Migration to the U.S.” the trend peaked in the 1920’s then slowed during the Great Depression in the 1930’s.The U.S. population of black foreigners and their descendants grew from 55,000 in 1900 to 178,300 in 1930, with the overwhelming majority coming from the Caribbean, including Cuba. Although large numbers of Bahamians settled in Florida, New York City became the primary destination, especially Manhattan and Brooklyn. Almost a quarter of the black population in Harlem was said to be of Caribbean origin and was reputed to be the largest West Indian city outside of Kinston, Jamaica.In the 1920’s Caribbean migrants were increasingly attracted to the United States by its high employment and wages, while, simultaneously, the British Caribbean (in particular) was experiencing economic hardships from the decline in the demand for sugar with competition from Cuba and Brazil. However, the new migrants not only consisted of laborers, but a middle-class consisting of teachers, nurses and civil servants who were dissatisfied with the low income these careers attracted in the Caribbean. This latter group who advanced their education on coming to the U.S. increased the pool of literate, skilled, white-collared and professional Caribbean-Americans. In the first three decades of the 20th century succeeding waves of Caribbean migrants entered the U.S. through New York City, significantly increasing the Caribbean-American population. Unfortunately since most of the migrants were black, not much recognition was given to a defined Caribbean population. However, notwithstanding, this resourceful and resilient population quickly gained their own identity in all spheres of American life, and especially in business politics, education, sports, entertainment and the arts. The Caribbean community, produced outstanding people like: Marcus Garvey, Claude McKay, C.L.R. James, Sidney Poitier, Julian ‘Canonball’ Adderly, and Hubert Harrison regarded as the Father of Harem Radicalism.Several historians of the Caribbean-American heritage regard the waves of Caribbean immigrants in the early twentieth century, as formulating the infrastructure of Caribbean-American life in the U.S., particularly in New York City. In the 1930’s a significant percentage of New York City’s black professionals and business-people, found mostly in Harlem, were of Caribbean origin. This wave of Caribbean immigrants fostered a Who-Is-Who in American, particularly black American, history, and includes: Malcolm X, Louis Farrakhan, Harry Belafonte, Colin Powell, Cicely Tyson, Shirley Chisholm, Constance Burke Motley, Kareem Abdul Jahbar, Patrick Ewing, Tim Duncan, Yaphet Kotto, Marion Jones, Lauderdale Lakes Mayor Hazelle Rogers and US Senator Kamala Harris.Next Week: The 1930’s to 1970’s.
UWP’s Deputy Political Leader, Claudius SanfordDeputy leady of the United Workers Party Claudius Sanford has called for discussion among political leaders in Dominica. Mr Sanford, who addressed the UWP’s 25th anniversary celebration in Londonderry on Sunday, 29th September, said debates among party leaders should be encouraged. “There must be debates among our leaders, are you ready for the debate? There must be an opportunity for the youth to hear their leaders and make an independent decision, it is about their life and their future, there must be conversations and we will lead the conversations”.He noted that discussion on the decriminalization of marijuana in Dominica as too many young people are being imprisoned as a result of the illegal drug.“There must be conversations such as the decriminalization of marijuana; too many of our youth go to jail while honourable get away”.He further called for discussion regarding the modification of the country’s financial system.“There must be conversation about making our academic qualification an asset, young people should be able to present to financial institutions in Dominica their academic certificate and match that with some start-up capital for small business”.He told supporters that the issue of the construction of an international airport for Dominica remains a priority for the UWP.“We in the UWP continue to place the international airport on the front burner, we in the Kalinago Territory will benefit from an international airport so we support an international airport,” Mr Sanford stated. He also promised his constituents that a UWP government will make the Kalinago Development Corporation a reality if it his successful at the polls. Dominica Vibes News Sharing is caring! Share LocalNews UWP deputy leader calls for political debates by: – September 30, 2013 Tweet Share Share 124 Views no discussions
Share bet-at-home maintains 2020 outlook despite dire opening May 4, 2020 Flutter strengthens igaming offering with CasinoEngine December 17, 2019 mybet returns with Deutsche Eishockey play-off sponsorship March 6, 2020 Share StumbleUpon Submit Related Articles Updating the market on its half-year 2016 performance (period ending 30 June), Frankfurt-listed sports betting operator mybet Holdings SE (mybet) stated that the period was characterised by two factors; its continued decline in revenues and the sale of German horseracing wagering operator pferdewetten.de.Closing a tough H1 period, mybet would record a -16% decline in group revenues to €24 million (H1 2015: €28.7 million).The operator would disclose severe revenue declines to its online assets, with sports betting revenues down –35% to €4.4 million and casino revenues down a further -25% to €8.3 million.The continued digital decline would impact period EBITDA at – €1.3 million (H1 2015: – €816,000).mybet period earnings would be salvaged by the June sale of pferdewetten.de to a group of private investors for €9.9 million, which would result in the operator posting profits of €4.2 million.As stated in previous corporate updates, mybet governance will use the pferdewetten.de sale funds to boost its internal operations as the company aims to launch its new digital platform, which mybet stated would allow it to offer ‘four times the amount of betting markets and twice as many casino games’.mybet enters the second half of 2016, under the leadership of CFO Markus Peuler, as this month Zeno Ossko resigned from the company taking on the Managing Director role for Amaya Inc’s BetStars.
ABC/Randy Sager(LOS ANGELES) — Jane Fonda is bringing back the 80s. The actress, who ignited a side-career in aerobics with her popular Jane Fonda Workout Method, is bringing her famous moves to TikTok in order to keep fans on their feet during quarantine. The Grace & Frankie star rolled out her yoga mat to make the big announcement on Thursday. “Hello TikTok, my name’s Jane Fonda and I’m gonna bring back the Jane Fonda Workout for your home sequestration,” she announces in the video, where she’s all ready and dressed for an intense round of choreography.The VHS workout tapes sold 17 million copies during their run in the early 80s. While she left the sparkle spandex suit, the sweat bands and big hair at home, she opted for comfortable black yoga pants and a fitted long-sleeved red shirt. Laying on her side, the 82-year-old starts the exercise off with a round of leg lifts. However, she abruptly changes her tune by revealing that it was a stunt to bring the globe’s attention to another crisis besides COVID-19, which is climate change. “You know what,” she remarks, now dressed in a puffy red jacket, “There’s too many workouts happening right now on television and on computers.”Rubbing her hands together, she pleads, “What I would really like for you to do is workout with me for the planet. There’s a climate crisis that’s a real emergency and so, whether you’re on your couch or your yoga mat, will you join me for the virtual Fire Drill Fridays?”The actress, who has been arrested during numerous “Fire Drill Friday” protests, encourages, “the future needs you… I need you.” The Friday event will kick off at 11 a.m. PT on her TikTok. You can learn more by texting “Jane” to 877-877.Copyright © 2020, ABC Audio. All rights reserved.